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SubjectRe: [patch] 2.4.4 alpha semaphores optimization
Date
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Hello Ivan,

One reason I picked "signed long" as the count type in the lib/rwsem.c is that
this would be 64 bits on a 64-bit arch such as the alpha.

So I've taken your idea for include/asm-alpha/rwsem.h and modified it a
little. You'll find it attached at the bottom.

I don't know whether it will (a) compile, or (b) work... I don't have an alpha
to play with.

I also don't know the alpha function calling convention, so I can't put direct
calls to the fallback routines in lib/rwsem.c from the ".subsection 2"
bits. Can you do that, or can you tell me how the calling convention works?

Cheers,
David

===============================================================================
#ifndef _ALPHA_RWSEM_H
#define _ALPHA_RWSEM_H

/*
* Written by Ivan Kokshaysky <ink@jurassic.park.msu.ru>, 2001.
* Based on asm-alpha/semaphore.h and asm-i386/rwsem.h
*/

#ifndef _LINUX_RWSEM_H
#error please dont include asm/rwsem.h directly, use linux/rwsem.h instead
#endif

#ifdef __KERNEL__

#include <linux/list.h>
#include <linux/spinlock.h>

struct rwsem_waiter;

extern struct rw_semaphore *rwsem_down_read_failed(struct rw_semaphore *sem);
extern struct rw_semaphore *rwsem_down_write_failed(struct rw_semaphore *sem);
extern struct rw_semaphore *rwsem_wake(struct rw_semaphore *);

/*
* the semaphore definition
*/
struct rw_semaphore {
signed long count;
#define RWSEM_UNLOCKED_VALUE 0x0000000000000000
#define RWSEM_ACTIVE_BIAS 0x0000000000000001
#define RWSEM_ACTIVE_MASK 0x00000000ffffffff
#define RWSEM_WAITING_BIAS (-0x0000000100000000)
#define RWSEM_ACTIVE_READ_BIAS RWSEM_ACTIVE_BIAS
#define RWSEM_ACTIVE_WRITE_BIAS (RWSEM_WAITING_BIAS + RWSEM_ACTIVE_BIAS)
spinlock_t wait_lock;
struct list_head wait_list;
#if RWSEM_DEBUG
int debug;
#endif
};

#if RWSEM_DEBUG
#define __RWSEM_DEBUG_INIT , 0
#else
#define __RWSEM_DEBUG_INIT /* */
#endif

#define __RWSEM_INITIALIZER(name) \
{ ATOMIC_INIT(RWSEM_UNLOCKED_VALUE), SPIN_LOCK_UNLOCKED, \
LIST_HEAD_INIT((name).wait_list) __RWSEM_DEBUG_INIT }

#define DECLARE_RWSEM(name) \
struct rw_semaphore name = __RWSEM_INITIALIZER(name)

static inline void init_rwsem(struct rw_semaphore *sem)
{
sem->count = RWSEM_UNLOCKED_VALUE;
spin_lock_init(&sem->wait_lock);
INIT_LIST_HEAD(&sem->wait_list);
#if RWSEM_DEBUG
sem->debug = 0;
#endif
}

static inline void __down_read(struct rw_semaphore *sem)
{
signed long oldcount, temp;
__asm__ __volatile__(
"1: ldq_l %0,%1\n"
" addq %0,%3,%2\n"
" stq_c %2,%1\n"
" beq %2,2f\n"
#ifdef CONFIG_SMP
" mb\n"
#endif
".subsection 2\n"
"2: br 1b\n"
".previous"
:"=&r" (oldcount), "=m" (sem->count), "=&r" (temp)
:"Ir" (RWSEM_ACTIVE_READ_BIAS), "m" (sem->count) : "memory");

if (oldcount < 0)
rwsem_down_read_failed(sem);
}

static inline void __down_write(struct rw_semaphore *sem)
{
signed long granted, temp;
__asm__ __volatile__(
"1: ldq_l %0,%1\n"
" addq %0,%3,%2\n"
" stq_c %2,%1\n"
" beq %2,2f\n"
#ifdef CONFIG_SMP
" mb\n"
" cmpeq %0,0,%0\n"
#endif
".subsection 2\n"
"2: br 1b\n"
".previous"
:"=&r" (granted), "=m" (sem->count), "=&r" (temp)
:"Ir" (RWSEM_ACTIVE_WRITE_BIAS), "m" (sem->count) : "memory");

if (!granted)
rwsem_down_write_failed(sem);
}

static inline void __up_read(struct rw_semaphore *sem)
{
signed long oldcount, temp;
__asm__ __volatile__(
"1: ldq_l %0,%1\n"
" subq %0,%3,%2\n"
" stq_c %2,%1\n"
" beq %2,2f\n"
#ifdef CONFIG_SMP
" mb\n"
#endif
".subsection 2\n"
"2: br 1b\n"
".previous"
:"=&r" (oldcount), "=m" (sem->count), "=&r" (temp)
:"Ir" (RWSEM_ACTIVE_READ_BIAS), "m" (sem->count) : "memory");

if (oldcount < 0)
if ((count & RWSEM_ACTIVE_MASK) == 0)
rwsem_wake(sem);
}

static inline void __up_write(struct rw_semaphore *sem)
{
signed long count, cmp;
__asm__ __volatile__(
"1: ldq_l %0,%1\n"
" subq %0,%3,%2\n"
" stq_c %2,%1\n"
" beq %2,2f\n"
#ifdef CONFIG_SMP
" mb\n"
" cmpeq %0,%3,%2\n"
" subq %0,%3,%0\n"
#endif
".subsection 2\n"
"2: br 1b\n"
".previous"
:"=&r" (count), "=m" (sem->count), "=&r" (cmp)
:"Ir" (RWSEM_ACTIVE_WRITE_BIAS), "m" (sem->count) : "memory");

if (!cmp)
if ((count & RWSEM_ACTIVE_MASK) == 0)
rwsem_wake(sem);
}

#define rwsem_atomic_add(val, sem) atomic_add(val, &(sem)->count)
#define rwsem_atomic_update(val, sem) atomic_add_return(val, &(sem)->count)

#endif /* __KERNEL__ */
#endif /* _ALPHA_RWSEM_H */
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