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Subject[with-PATCH-really] highmem deadlock removal, balancing & cleanup
OK, shoot me.  Here it is again, this time _with_ patch...

---------- Forwarded message ----------
Date: Fri, 25 May 2001 16:53:38 -0300 (BRST)
From: Rik van Riel <riel@conectiva.com.br>

Hi Linus,

the following patch does:

1) Remove GFP_BUFFER and HIGHMEM related deadlocks, by letting
these allocations fail instead of looping forever in
__alloc_pages() when they cannot make any progress there.

Now Linux no longer hangs on highmem machines with heavy
write loads.

2) Clean up the __alloc_pages() / __alloc_pages_limit() code
a bit, moving the direct reclaim condition from the latter
function into the former so we run it less often ;)

3) Remove the superfluous wakeups from __alloc_pages(), not
only are the tests a real CPU eater, they also have the
potential of waking up bdflush in a situation where it
shouldn't run in the first place. The kswapd wakeup didn't
seem to have any effect either.

4) Do make sure GFP_BUFFER allocations NEVER eat into the
very last pages of the system. It is important to preserve
the following ordering:
- normal allocations
- GFP_BUFFER
- atomic allocations
- other recursive allocations

Using this ordering, we can be pretty sure that eg. a
GFP_BUFFER allocation to swap something out to an
encrypted device won't eat the memory the device driver
will need to perform its functions. It also means that
a gigabit network flood won't eat those pages...

5) Change nr_free_buffer_pages() a bit to not return pages
which cannot be used as buffer pages, this makes a BIG
difference on highmem machines (which now DO have a working
write throttling again).

6) Simplify the refill_inactive() loop enough that it actually
works again. Calling page_launder() and shrink_i/d_memory()
by the same if condition means that the different caches
get balanced against each other again.

The illogical argument for not shrinking the slab cache
while we're under a free shortage turned out to be very
much illogical too. All needed buffer heads will have been
allocated in page_launder() and shrink_i/d_memory() before
we get here and we can be pretty sure that these functions
will keep re-using those same buffer heads as soon as the
IO finishes.

regards,

Rik
--
Linux MM bugzilla: http://linux-mm.org/bugzilla.shtml

Virtual memory is like a game you can't win;
However, without VM there's truly nothing to lose...

http://www.surriel.com/
http://www.conectiva.com/ http://distro.conectiva.com/



--- linux-2.4.5-pre6/mm/page_alloc.c.orig Fri May 25 16:13:39 2001
+++ linux-2.4.5-pre6/mm/page_alloc.c Fri May 25 16:35:50 2001
@@ -251,10 +251,10 @@
water_mark = z->pages_high;
}

- if (z->free_pages + z->inactive_clean_pages > water_mark) {
+ if (z->free_pages + z->inactive_clean_pages >= water_mark) {
struct page *page = NULL;
/* If possible, reclaim a page directly. */
- if (direct_reclaim && z->free_pages < z->pages_min + 8)
+ if (direct_reclaim)
page = reclaim_page(z);
/* If that fails, fall back to rmqueue. */
if (!page)
@@ -299,21 +299,6 @@
if (order == 0 && (gfp_mask & __GFP_WAIT))
direct_reclaim = 1;

- /*
- * If we are about to get low on free pages and we also have
- * an inactive page shortage, wake up kswapd.
- */
- if (inactive_shortage() > inactive_target / 2 && free_shortage())
- wakeup_kswapd();
- /*
- * If we are about to get low on free pages and cleaning
- * the inactive_dirty pages would fix the situation,
- * wake up bdflush.
- */
- else if (free_shortage() && nr_inactive_dirty_pages > free_shortage()
- && nr_inactive_dirty_pages >= freepages.high)
- wakeup_bdflush(0);
-
try_again:
/*
* First, see if we have any zones with lots of free memory.
@@ -329,7 +314,7 @@
if (!z->size)
BUG();

- if (z->free_pages >= z->pages_low) {
+ if (z->free_pages >= z->pages_min + 8) {
page = rmqueue(z, order);
if (page)
return page;
@@ -443,18 +428,26 @@
}
/*
* When we arrive here, we are really tight on memory.
+ * Since kswapd didn't succeed in freeing pages for us,
+ * we try to help it.
+ *
+ * Single page allocs loop until the allocation succeeds.
+ * Multi-page allocs can fail due to memory fragmentation;
+ * in that case we bail out to prevent infinite loops and
+ * hanging device drivers ...
*
- * We try to free pages ourselves by:
- * - shrinking the i/d caches.
- * - reclaiming unused memory from the slab caches.
- * - swapping/syncing pages to disk (done by page_launder)
- * - moving clean pages from the inactive dirty list to
- * the inactive clean list. (done by page_launder)
+ * Another issue are GFP_BUFFER allocations; because they
+ * do not have __GFP_IO set it's possible we cannot make
+ * any progress freeing pages, in that case it's better
+ * to give up than to deadlock the kernel looping here.
*/
if (gfp_mask & __GFP_WAIT) {
memory_pressure++;
- try_to_free_pages(gfp_mask);
- goto try_again;
+ if (!order || free_shortage()) {
+ int progress = try_to_free_pages(gfp_mask);
+ if (progress || gfp_mask & __GFP_IO)
+ goto try_again;
+ }
}
}

@@ -489,6 +482,10 @@
return page;
}

+ /* Don't let GFP_BUFFER allocations eat all the memory. */
+ if (gfp_mask==GFP_BUFFER && z->free_pages < z->pages_min * 3/4)
+ continue;
+
/* XXX: is pages_min/4 a good amount to reserve for this? */
if (z->free_pages < z->pages_min / 4 &&
!(current->flags & PF_MEMALLOC))
@@ -499,7 +496,7 @@
}

/* No luck.. */
- printk(KERN_ERR "__alloc_pages: %lu-order allocation failed.\n", order);
+// printk(KERN_ERR "__alloc_pages: %lu-order allocation failed.\n", order);
return NULL;
}

@@ -578,34 +575,66 @@
}

/*
+ * Total amount of inactive_clean (allocatable) RAM in a given zone.
+ */
+#ifdef CONFIG_HIGHMEM
+unsigned int nr_free_buffer_pages_zone (int zone_type)
+{
+ pg_data_t *pgdat;
+ unsigned int sum;
+
+ sum = 0;
+ pgdat = pgdat_list;
+ while (pgdat) {
+ sum += (pgdat->node_zones+zone_type)->free_pages;
+ sum += (pgdat->node_zones+zone_type)->inactive_clean_pages;
+ sum += (pgdat->node_zones+zone_type)->inactive_dirty_pages;
+ pgdat = pgdat->node_next;
+ }
+ return sum;
+}
+#endif
+
+/*
* Amount of free RAM allocatable as buffer memory:
+ *
+ * For HIGHMEM systems don't count HIGHMEM pages.
+ * This is function is still far from perfect for HIGHMEM systems, but
+ * it is close enough for the time being.
*/
unsigned int nr_free_buffer_pages (void)
{
unsigned int sum;

- sum = nr_free_pages();
- sum += nr_inactive_clean_pages();
+#ifdef CONFIG_HIGHMEM
+ sum = nr_free_buffer_pages_zone(ZONE_NORMAL) +
+ nr_free_buffer_pages_zone(ZONE_DMA);
+#else
+ sum = nr_free_pages() +
+ nr_inactive_clean_pages();
sum += nr_inactive_dirty_pages;
+#endif

/*
* Keep our write behind queue filled, even if
- * kswapd lags a bit right now.
+ * kswapd lags a bit right now. Make sure not
+ * to clog up the whole inactive_dirty list with
+ * dirty pages, though.
*/
- if (sum < freepages.high + inactive_target)
- sum = freepages.high + inactive_target;
+ if (sum < freepages.high + inactive_target / 2)
+ sum = freepages.high + inactive_target / 2;
/*
* We don't want dirty page writebehind to put too
* much pressure on the working set, but we want it
* to be possible to have some dirty pages in the
* working set without upsetting the writebehind logic.
*/
- sum += nr_active_pages >> 4;
+ sum += nr_active_pages >> 5;

return sum;
}

-#if CONFIG_HIGHMEM
+#ifdef CONFIG_HIGHMEM
unsigned int nr_free_highpages (void)
{
pg_data_t *pgdat = pgdat_list;
--- linux-2.4.5-pre6/mm/vmscan.c.orig Fri May 25 16:13:40 2001
+++ linux-2.4.5-pre6/mm/vmscan.c Fri May 25 16:13:52 2001
@@ -865,14 +865,18 @@

/*
* If we're low on free pages, move pages from the
- * inactive_dirty list to the inactive_clean list.
+ * inactive_dirty list to the inactive_clean list
+ * and shrink the inode and dentry caches.
*
* Usually bdflush will have pre-cleaned the pages
* before we get around to moving them to the other
* list, so this is a relatively cheap operation.
*/
- if (free_shortage())
+ if (free_shortage()) {
ret += page_launder(gfp_mask, user);
+ shrink_dcache_memory(DEF_PRIORITY, gfp_mask);
+ shrink_icache_memory(DEF_PRIORITY, gfp_mask);
+ }

/*
* If needed, we move pages from the active list
@@ -882,21 +886,10 @@
ret += refill_inactive(gfp_mask, user);

/*
- * Delete pages from the inode and dentry caches and
- * reclaim unused slab cache if memory is low.
+ * If we're still short on free pages, reclaim unused
+ * slab cache memory.
*/
if (free_shortage()) {
- shrink_dcache_memory(DEF_PRIORITY, gfp_mask);
- shrink_icache_memory(DEF_PRIORITY, gfp_mask);
- } else {
- /*
- * Illogical, but true. At least for now.
- *
- * If we're _not_ under shortage any more, we
- * reap the caches. Why? Because a noticeable
- * part of the caches are the buffer-heads,
- * which we'll want to keep if under shortage.
- */
kmem_cache_reap(gfp_mask);
}

-
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