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    SubjectRe: __asm__
    > __asm__("and	1 %%esp.%0; ":"=r" (current) : "0" (~8191UL));

    This doesn't look right... Where did you get this from.

    Taking the one in include/asm-i386/current.h as an example:

    | __asm__(

    This signifies a piece of inline assembly that the compiler must insert into
    it's output code. The __asm__ is the same as asm, but can't be disabled by
    command line flags.

    | "andl %%esp,%0

    "%%" is a macro that expands to a "%".
    "%0" is a macro that expands to the first input/output specification.

    So in this case, it takes the stack pointer (register %esp) and ANDs it
    into a register that contains 0xFFFFE000, leaving the result in that register.

    Basically, the a task's task_struct and a task's kernel stack occupy an 8KB
    block that is 8KB aligned, with the task_struct at the beginning and the stack
    growing from the end downwards. So you can find the task_struct by clearing
    the bottom 13 bits of the stack pointer value.

    | ; "

    The semicolon can be used to separate assembly statements, as can the newline
    character escape sequence ("\n").

    | :"=r" (current)

    This specifies an output constraint (all of which occur after the first colon,
    but before the second). The '=' also specifies that this is an output. The 'r'
    indicates that a general purpose register should be allocated such that the
    instruction can place the output value into it. The bit inside the brackets -
    'current' - is the intended destination of the output value (normally a local
    variable) once the C part is returned to.

    | : "0" (~8191UL));

    This specifies an input constraint (all of which occur after the second colon,
    but before the third). The '0' references another constraint (in this case,
    the first output constraint), saying that the same register or memory location
    should be used for both. The '~8191UL' inside the brackets is a constant that
    should be loaded into the register allocated for the output value before using
    the instructions inside the asm block.

    See also the gcc info pages, Topic "C Extensions", subtopic "Extended Asm".

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      Last update: 2005-03-22 12:53    [W:0.021 / U:8.316 seconds]
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