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SubjectRe: [RFD w/info-PATCH] device arguments from lookup, partion code

On Sat, 19 May 2001, Richard Gooch wrote:
>
> Matthew Wilcox writes:
> > On Sat, May 19, 2001 at 10:22:55PM -0400, Richard Gooch wrote:
> > > The transaction(2) syscall can be just as easily abused as ioctl(2) in
> > > this respect.
> >
> > But read() and write() cannot.
>
> Sure they can. I can pass a pointer to a structure to either of them.

You're missing the point.

It's ok to do "read()/write()" on structures. In fact, people do that all
the time (and then they complain about the file not being portable ;)

The problem with ioctl is that not only are people passing ioctl's
pointers to structures, but:
- they're not telling how big the structure is
- the structure can have pointers to other places
- sometimes it modifies the structure passed in

None of which are "network-nice". Basically, ioctl() is historically used
as a "pass any crap into driver xxxx, and the driver - and ONLY the driver
- will know what to do with it".

And when _only_ a driver knows what the arguments mean, upper layers can't
encapsulate them. Upper layers cannot make a packet of the argument and
send it over the network to another machine. Upper layers cannot do
sanity-checking on things like "is this argument a valid pointer". Which
means, for example, that not only can you not send the ioctl arguments
anywhere, but ioctl's have also historically been a hot-bed of bugs.

Example traditional ioctl bugs: use kernel pointers to access the argument
(because it just happens to work on x86, never mind the fact that if the
argument is bad you'll get a kernel oops and/or a serious security error).
Other example: different drivers/f ilesystems implementing the same ioctl,
but disagreeing on what the argument means (is it a pointer to an integer
argument, or the integer itself?).

Now, the advantage of using read()/write() is (a) that it's unambiguous
where the argument comes from and how big it is and (b) because of that
the _psychology_ is different. You don't get into this "pass random crap
around, let the kernel modify user data structures directly" mentality.

And psychology is important.

Linus

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