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SubjectRe: i686 SMP systems with more then 12 GB ram with 2.4.x kernel ?
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I tested your suggestion with an 2.4.17rc2aa2 kernel,
but it didnt help.
The system dies after copying more then 6-8GB on data.
Here are the last lines from /var/log/messages:

Dec 30 01:47:32 localhost kernel: __alloc_pages: 0-order allocation failed (gfp=0x70/0)
Dec 30 01:47:32 localhost kernel: __alloc_pages: 0-order allocation failed (gfp=0x70/0)
Dec 30 01:47:32 localhost kernel: __alloc_pages: 0-order allocation failed (gfp=0x1f0/0)
Dec 30 01:47:32 localhost kernel: __alloc_pages: 0-order allocation failed (gfp=0x70/0)
Dec 30 01:47:32 localhost kernel: __alloc_pages: 0-order allocation failed (gfp=0xf0/0)
Dec 30 01:47:32 localhost kernel: __alloc_pages: 0-order allocation failed (gfp=0x70/0)
Dec 30 01:47:32 localhost last message repeated 3 times
Dec 30 01:47:32 localhost kernel: __alloc_pages: 0-order allocation failed (gfp=0x1f0/0)

I started to begin searching in the linux/fs/buffer.c, and found the
following interesting lines (line: 1450+):

void create_empty_buffers(struct page *page, kdev_t dev, unsigned long blocksize)
{
struct buffer_head *bh, *head, *tail;

/* FIXME: create_buffers should fail if there's no enough memory */
head = create_buffers(page, blocksize, 1);
if (page->buffers)
BUG();

bh = head;

Could the create_buffer function cause this problem ?

Harald Holzer

On Sun, 2001-12-30 at 01:25, M. Edward (Ed) Borasky wrote:
> On Sat, 29 Dec 2001, M. Edward (Ed) Borasky wrote:
>
> > On Sat, 29 Dec 2001, Alan Cox wrote:
> >
> > > Because much of the memory cannot be used for kernel objects there
> > > is an imbalance in available resources and its very hard to balance
> > > them sanely. I'm not sure how many 8Gb+ machines Andrea has handy
> > > to tune the VM on either.
> >
> > Along those lines -- I have in front of me the source to
> > "/linux/mm/page_alloc.c" (2.4.17 kernel) which reads (partially)
>
> [snip]
>
>
> > Could someone with a big box and a benchmark that drives it out of
> > free memory please try commenting out the "else if" clause and see if
> > it makes a difference? I tried this on my puny 512 MB Athlon and
> > verified that the right values were there with "sysrq", but I don't
> > have anything bigger to try it on and I don't have a benchmark to test
> > it with either.
>
> And here it is as a patch against 2.4.17:
>
> diff -ur linux/mm/page_alloc.c linux-2.4.17znmeb/mm/page_alloc.c
> --- linux/mm/page_alloc.c Mon Nov 19 16:35:40 2001
> +++ linux-2.4.17znmeb/mm/page_alloc.c Sat Dec 29 16:04:25 2001
> @@ -718,8 +718,13 @@
> mask = (realsize / zone_balance_ratio[j]);
> if (mask < zone_balance_min[j])
> mask = zone_balance_min[j];
> + /* else if clause commented out for testing
> + * M. Edward Borasky, Borasky Research
> + * 2001-12-29
> + *
> else if (mask > zone_balance_max[j])
> mask = zone_balance_max[j];
> + */
> zone->pages_min = mask;
> zone->pages_low = mask*2;
> zone->pages_high = mask*3;
>
>
> Apologies if pine with vim as the editor messes this puppy up :-).
> --
> M. Edward Borasky
>
> znmeb@borasky-research.net
> http://www.borasky-research.net
>
> I brought my inner child to "Take Your Child To Work Day."
>
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