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SubjectProblem to compile 2.4.14 on x86 (cause: mm/swap.c) : patch included in body
Hi all!

This is my first post on lkml, I tried to do it "by the book" (I read the
"Unofficial Linus HOWTO" from Jeff Garzik) but may have missed something. My
apologies if this is the case - and feel free to correct me, could be useful
next time ;-)

[Disclaimer: I'm not a kernel hacker]

I wanted to compile 2.4.14 on a Dell PowerEdge 2500 with 2x PIII 1GHz, and
encountered a small problem with the loopback dev. (either included or as a
module) : the function deactivate_page() was not found.
The exact error message is:
----------------[ start 'make bzImage' output ]-----------------
drivers/block/block.o: In function `lo_send':
drivers/block/block.o(.text+0x87af): undefined reference to `deactivate_page'
drivers/block/block.o(.text+0x87f9): undefined reference to `deactivate_page'
make: *** [vmlinux] Error 1
----------------[ end 'make bzImage' output ]-----------------

I tried it also on another x86 box (PIII-UP), same problem.

I traced it back to mm/swap.c and include/linux/swap.h
On 2.4.13 the function deactivate_page() is present in mm/swap.c, but not in

I just added it (and the relevant declaration in include/linux/swap.h), and
tried compiling 2.4.14 with this modification ---> problem fixed on both

I couldn't find exactly who's the maintainer for this section of the kernel
(and didn't want to bother Linus with something that trivial), so I post this
on lkml in hope the person-in-charge will see it. I do not read lkml (just
Kernel-Traffic, thanx Zack Brown for the great job!) so maybe someone else
already submitted a patch for this bug.

Anyway, here is the small patch (made with diff -urN). It's basically only
cut&paste stuff :
------------------------------[ cut here ]-------------------------------
diff -urN linux/include/linux/swap.h linux-2.4.14-patched/include/linux/swap.h
--- linux/include/linux/swap.h Mon Nov 5 21:42:13 2001
+++ linux-2.4.14-patched/include/linux/swap.h Wed Nov 7 13:17:48 2001
@@ -105,6 +105,7 @@
extern void FASTCALL(__lru_cache_del(struct page *));
extern void FASTCALL(lru_cache_del(struct page *));

+extern void FASTCALL(deactivate_page(struct page *));
extern void FASTCALL(activate_page(struct page *));

extern void swap_setup(void);
diff -urN linux/mm/swap.c linux-2.4.14-patched/mm/swap.c
--- linux/mm/swap.c Sun Nov 4 19:29:49 2001
+++ linux-2.4.14-patched/mm/swap.c Wed Nov 7 13:17:26 2001
@@ -33,6 +33,32 @@
8, /* do swap I/O in clusters of this size */

+ * (de)activate_page - move pages from/to active and inactive lists
+ * @page: the page we want to move
+ * @nolock - are we already holding the pagemap_lru_lock?
+ *
+ * Deactivate_page will move an active page to the right
+ * inactive list, while activate_page will move a page back
+ * from one of the inactive lists to the active list. If
+ * called on a page which is not on any of the lists, the
+ * page is left alone.
+ */
+static inline void deactivate_page_nolock(struct page * page)
+ if (PageActive(page)) {
+ del_page_from_active_list(page);
+ add_page_to_inactive_list(page);
+ }
+void deactivate_page(struct page * page)
+ spin_lock(&pagemap_lru_lock);
+ deactivate_page_nolock(page);
+ spin_unlock(&pagemap_lru_lock);
* Move an inactive page to the active list.
-------------------------------[ cut here ]-------------------------

Hope this helps...

Nicolas Ouedraogo

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