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Subject[PATCH] task_struct colouring ...

Looking at both the Manfred and Fujitsu patches I propose this new version
for task struct colouring.
The patch from Manfred is too architecture dependent ( cr2 ) and storing
extra stuff in CPU registers is not IMHO a good idea.
This patch uses the basic idea of Fujitsu and improve it in two ways :

1) Speed

The patch from Fujitsu, besides other bitwise operations perform one store
( bad ) and one load memory access at every get current call :

#define GET_CURRENT(reg) \
movl $-8192, reg; \
andl %esp, reg
andl %esp, reg; \
pushl reg; \
shrl $13, reg; \
andl $0x00000060, reg; \
orl 0(%esp), reg; \
addl $4, %esp
while this one perform only one load and less accessory ops :

#define GET_CURRENT(reg) \
movl $-8192, reg; \
andl %esp, reg
andl %esp, reg; \
movl (reg), reg;

2) Code clarity

The patch from Fujitsu spread task pointer math through different files
while this one only inside arch/???/kernel/process.c :

struct task_struct *alloc_task_struct(void)
{
unsigned long tskb = __get_free_pages(GFP_KERNEL, 1), tsk;
tsk = tskb | ((tskb >> 13) & 0x00000060) | SMP_CACHE_BYTES;
*(unsigned long *) tskb = tsk;
return (struct task_struct *) tsk;
}
More, in finding the pointer directly at the base (SP & ~8191UL) makes it
easy for external programs ( ie gdb ) to seek the task_struct w/out
knowing the internal math that created it.
I've not benchmarked the patch yet, so help from guys with big SMP
machines and more L2 than the main memory I had in my PC until 5 years
ago, is welcome :)



PS: The patch is for x86 but it's architecture independence ( beside the
cache line size and bits ) will make it easy to port to other CPUs



- Davide




diff -Nru linux-2.5.0.vanilla/arch/i386/kernel/entry.S linux-2.5.0.chax/arch/i386/kernel/entry.S
--- linux-2.5.0.vanilla/arch/i386/kernel/entry.S Fri Nov 2 17:18:49 2001
+++ linux-2.5.0.chax/arch/i386/kernel/entry.S Fri Nov 30 11:13:46 2001
@@ -130,7 +130,8 @@

#define GET_CURRENT(reg) \
movl $-8192, reg; \
- andl %esp, reg
+ andl %esp, reg; \
+ movl (reg), reg;

ENTRY(lcall7)
pushfl # We get a different stack layout with call gates,
@@ -144,7 +145,7 @@
movl %ecx,CS(%esp) #
movl %esp,%ebx
pushl %ebx
- andl $-8192,%ebx # GET_CURRENT
+ GET_CURRENT(%ebx)
movl exec_domain(%ebx),%edx # Get the execution domain
movl 4(%edx),%edx # Get the lcall7 handler for the domain
pushl $0x7
@@ -165,7 +166,7 @@
movl %ecx,CS(%esp) #
movl %esp,%ebx
pushl %ebx
- andl $-8192,%ebx # GET_CURRENT
+ GET_CURRENT(%ebx)
movl exec_domain(%ebx),%edx # Get the execution domain
movl 4(%edx),%edx # Get the lcall7 handler for the domain
pushl $0x27
diff -Nru linux-2.5.0.vanilla/arch/i386/kernel/init_task.c linux-2.5.0.chax/arch/i386/kernel/init_task.c
--- linux-2.5.0.vanilla/arch/i386/kernel/init_task.c Mon Sep 17 15:29:09 2001
+++ linux-2.5.0.chax/arch/i386/kernel/init_task.c Fri Nov 30 13:18:23 2001
@@ -20,7 +20,13 @@
*/
union task_union init_task_union
__attribute__((__section__(".data.init_task"))) =
- { INIT_TASK(init_task_union.task) };
+ {
+ {
+ tskptr: (unsigned long) &init_task_union.x.task ,
+ __cachepad: { 0, },
+ task: INIT_TASK(init_task_union.x.task)
+ }
+ };

/*
* per-CPU TSS segments. Threads are completely 'soft' on Linux,
diff -Nru linux-2.5.0.vanilla/arch/i386/kernel/process.c linux-2.5.0.chax/arch/i386/kernel/process.c
--- linux-2.5.0.vanilla/arch/i386/kernel/process.c Thu Oct 4 18:42:54 2001
+++ linux-2.5.0.chax/arch/i386/kernel/process.c Fri Nov 30 13:12:46 2001
@@ -581,7 +581,7 @@
{
struct pt_regs * childregs;

- childregs = ((struct pt_regs *) (THREAD_SIZE + (unsigned long) p)) - 1;
+ childregs = ((struct pt_regs *) (THREAD_SIZE + ((unsigned long) p & ~8191UL))) - 1;
struct_cpy(childregs, regs);
childregs->eax = 0;
childregs->esp = esp;
@@ -821,3 +821,18 @@
}
#undef last_sched
#undef first_sched
+
+
+struct task_struct *alloc_task_struct(void)
+{
+ unsigned long tskb = __get_free_pages(GFP_KERNEL, 1), tsk;
+ tsk = tskb | ((tskb >> 13) & 0x00000060) | SMP_CACHE_BYTES;
+ *(unsigned long *) tskb = tsk;
+ return (struct task_struct *) tsk;
+}
+
+void free_task_struct(struct task_struct *p)
+{
+ free_pages((unsigned long) (p) & ~8191UL, 1);
+}
+
diff -Nru linux-2.5.0.vanilla/arch/i386/lib/getuser.S linux-2.5.0.chax/arch/i386/lib/getuser.S
--- linux-2.5.0.vanilla/arch/i386/lib/getuser.S Mon Jan 12 13:42:52 1998
+++ linux-2.5.0.chax/arch/i386/lib/getuser.S Fri Nov 30 09:56:29 2001
@@ -29,6 +29,7 @@
__get_user_1:
movl %esp,%edx
andl $0xffffe000,%edx
+ movl (%edx),%edx
cmpl addr_limit(%edx),%eax
jae bad_get_user
1: movzbl (%eax),%edx
@@ -42,6 +43,7 @@
movl %esp,%edx
jc bad_get_user
andl $0xffffe000,%edx
+ movl (%edx),%edx
cmpl addr_limit(%edx),%eax
jae bad_get_user
2: movzwl -1(%eax),%edx
@@ -55,6 +57,7 @@
movl %esp,%edx
jc bad_get_user
andl $0xffffe000,%edx
+ movl (%edx),%edx
cmpl addr_limit(%edx),%eax
jae bad_get_user
3: movl -3(%eax),%edx
diff -Nru linux-2.5.0.vanilla/include/asm-i386/current.h linux-2.5.0.chax/include/asm-i386/current.h
--- linux-2.5.0.vanilla/include/asm-i386/current.h Fri Aug 14 16:35:22 1998
+++ linux-2.5.0.chax/include/asm-i386/current.h Fri Nov 30 11:22:23 2001
@@ -5,9 +5,9 @@

static inline struct task_struct * get_current(void)
{
- struct task_struct *current;
- __asm__("andl %%esp,%0; ":"=r" (current) : "0" (~8191UL));
- return current;
+ unsigned long *tskptr;
+ __asm__("andl %%esp,%0; ":"=r" (tskptr) : "0" (~8191UL));
+ return (struct task_struct *) *tskptr;
}

#define current get_current()
diff -Nru linux-2.5.0.vanilla/include/asm-i386/hw_irq.h linux-2.5.0.chax/include/asm-i386/hw_irq.h
--- linux-2.5.0.vanilla/include/asm-i386/hw_irq.h Thu Nov 22 11:46:18 2001
+++ linux-2.5.0.chax/include/asm-i386/hw_irq.h Fri Nov 30 12:11:16 2001
@@ -115,7 +115,8 @@

#define GET_CURRENT \
"movl %esp, %ebx\n\t" \
- "andl $-8192, %ebx\n\t"
+ "andl $-8192, %ebx\n\t" \
+ "movl (%ebx), %ebx\n\t"

/*
* SMP has a few special interrupts for IPI messages
diff -Nru linux-2.5.0.vanilla/include/asm-i386/processor.h linux-2.5.0.chax/include/asm-i386/processor.h
--- linux-2.5.0.vanilla/include/asm-i386/processor.h Thu Nov 22 11:46:19 2001
+++ linux-2.5.0.chax/include/asm-i386/processor.h Fri Nov 30 13:06:00 2001
@@ -14,6 +14,7 @@
#include <asm/types.h>
#include <asm/sigcontext.h>
#include <asm/cpufeature.h>
+#include <linux/kernel.h>
#include <linux/cache.h>
#include <linux/config.h>
#include <linux/threads.h>
@@ -444,15 +445,18 @@
}

unsigned long get_wchan(struct task_struct *p);
-#define KSTK_EIP(tsk) (((unsigned long *)(4096+(unsigned long)(tsk)))[1019])
-#define KSTK_ESP(tsk) (((unsigned long *)(4096+(unsigned long)(tsk)))[1022])
+#define KSTK_EIP(tsk) (((unsigned long *)(4096+(unsigned long)(tsk) & ~8191UL))[1019])
+#define KSTK_ESP(tsk) (((unsigned long *)(4096+(unsigned long)(tsk) & ~8191UL))[1022])

#define THREAD_SIZE (2*PAGE_SIZE)
-#define alloc_task_struct() ((struct task_struct *) __get_free_pages(GFP_KERNEL,1))
-#define free_task_struct(p) free_pages((unsigned long) (p), 1)
+
+
+extern struct task_struct *alloc_task_struct(void);
+extern void free_task_struct(struct task_struct *p);
+
#define get_task_struct(tsk) atomic_inc(&virt_to_page(tsk)->count)

-#define init_task (init_task_union.task)
+#define init_task (init_task_union.x.task)
#define init_stack (init_task_union.stack)

struct microcode {
diff -Nru linux-2.5.0.vanilla/include/linux/sched.h linux-2.5.0.chax/include/linux/sched.h
--- linux-2.5.0.vanilla/include/linux/sched.h Thu Nov 22 11:46:19 2001
+++ linux-2.5.0.chax/include/linux/sched.h Fri Nov 30 13:07:19 2001
@@ -508,7 +508,11 @@
#endif

union task_union {
- struct task_struct task;
+ struct {
+ unsigned long tskptr;
+ unsigned long __cachepad[SMP_CACHE_BYTES/sizeof(long) - 1];
+ struct task_struct task;
+ } x;
unsigned long stack[INIT_TASK_SIZE/sizeof(long)];
};


-
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