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SubjectRe: logging to NFS-mounted files seems to cause hangs when NFS dies
Andreas Dilger schrieb:
> On Nov 29, 2001 11:07 -0500, Christopher Friesen wrote:
> > I'm working on an embedded platform and we seem to be having a problem with
> > syslog and logging to NFS-mounted files.
> >
> > We have syslog logging to NFS and also logging to a server on another machine.
> Why not just log to the syslog daemon on another machine. Logging to NFS
> does not help you in this case.
> > The desired behaviour is that if the NFS server or the net connection conks
> > out, the logs are silently dropped. (Critical logs are also logged in memory
> > that isn't wiped out on reboot.)
> > The problem we are seeing is that if we lose the network connection or the
> > NFS mount (which immediately causes an attempt to log the problem), it seems
> > that syslog gets stuck in NFS code in the kernel and other stuff can be
> > delayed for a substantial amount of time (many tens of seconds). Just for
> > kicks we tried logging to ramdisk, and everything works beautifully.
> Well, it seems obvious, doesn't it? If the network connection is lost, then
> you can't very well write to the Network File System, can you? One of the
> features of NFS is that if the network dies, or the server is lost, then
> the client does not lose any data that was being written to the NFS mount.
> > Now I'm a bit unclear as to why other processes are being delayed--does anyone
> > have any ideas? My current theories are that either the nfs client code has a
> > bug, or syslog() calls are somehow blocking if syslogd can't write the file
> > out. I've just started looking at the syslog code, but its pretty rough going
> > as there are very few comments.
> This is entirely a syslog problem, if you want to do it that way. The NFS
> code is working as expected, and will not be changed. You might have to
> multi-thread syslog to get it to do what you want, but in the end you are
> better off just using the network logging feature and write the logs at
> the server directly.

Well, it could use nonblocking IO like it does with named pipes.

When syslogd logs to a named pipe and the reader does not consume the data,
syslogd will not block but discards the messages.

The best way, like you suggested, is logging to a remote syslogd, running
with syslogd -r
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