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SubjectRe: No locking is needed ... why?
Kirill Ratkin wrote:

>Hi.
>
>Could somebody explain me this comment?:
>/*
> * Incoming packets are placed on per-cpu queues so
>that
> * no locking is needed.
> */
>
>struct softnet_data
>{
> int throttle;
> int cng_level;
> int avg_blog;
> struct sk_buff_head input_pkt_queue;
> struct net_device *output_queue;
> struct sk_buff *completion_queue;
>} __attribute__((__aligned__(SMP_CACHE_BYTES)));
>
>I didn't understand why packets are placed so and why
>locking isn't needed?
>

As I understand this, the only reason u lock is

1) In an SMP or multiprocessor system, you suspect somebody else is running
simultaneously with you, this can lead to two or more processors executing
the same code simultaneously, this may lead to races.(which u do not want).
2) In a Multiprocessor or uniprocesor, data is shared among user processes in the kernel
or
between a user process in the kernel and an interrupt context
(like an irq handler or a bottom half or a tasklet).

So if u have a situation where (2) does not hold and u have a multiprocessor system,
per CPU data need not be locked, since it is not visible/used by other processors.

Did I get it right?
Balbir

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