lkml.org 
[lkml]   [2001]   [Oct]   [9]   [last100]   RSS Feed
Views: [wrap][no wrap]   [headers]  [forward] 
 
Messages in this thread
/
Date
From
SubjectRe: Context switch times
Hubertus Franke wrote:
>
> * Mika Liljeberg <Mika.Liljeberg@welho.com> [20011007 05;57]:"
> > Alan Cox wrote:
> > > This isnt idle speculation - I've done some minimal playing with this but
> > > my initial re-implementation didnt handle SMP at all and I am still not 100%
> > > sure how to resolve SMP or how SMP will improve out of the current cunning
> > > plan.
> >
> > Here's some idle speculation on SMP to top it off. :) I tend to think
> > that the load balancing between CPUs should be a completely separate
> > algorithim and should not necessarily be run at every schedule(). The
> > idea is to compeletely decouple the problem of scheduling a single CPU
> > between tasks and the problem of load balancing between the CPUs, making
> > each problem simpler to solve.
> >
>
> This is what we implemented as an extension to our MQ scheduler.
> I will present on the results for this during ALS technical session:
> "CPU Pooling and Load Balancing in Linux MultiQueue Scheduling".
> If interested I can already put an earlier version on lse.sourceforge.net.

Please do. It should be a good read.

George

>
> It basically does (1) and (2). (3) is done unintelligently right now.
>
> > Consider the following basic rules:
> >
> > A) When a new task comes along, pick the "least loaded" CPU and lock the
> > new task onto that.
> > B) Whenever the load imbalance between least loaded CPU and most loaded
> > CPU becomes too great, move one or more tasks from most loaded CPU to
> > the least loaded CPU.
> >
> > The rules themselves should be self-explanatory: A provides initial load
> > balancing, while B tries to keep the balance (with a sensible hysteresis
> > to avoid thrashing). However, there are a few minor details to solve:
> >
> > 1) How to determine the load of a CPU? If we can quantify this clearly,
> > we can easily set a hysteresis level to trigger load balancing between
> > two CPUs.
> > 2) When and how often to check for load imbalance?
> > 3) How to select the task(s) that should be moved between two CPUs to
> > correct an imbalance?
> >
> > For problems 1 and 2 I propose the following solution: Insert the the
> > load balancing routine itself as a (fake) task on each CPU and run it
> > when the CPU gets around to it. The load balancer should behave almost
> > like a CPU-bound task, scheduled on the lowest priority level with other
> > runnable tasks. The last bit is important: the load balancer should not
> > be allowed to starve but should be invoked approximately once every
> > "full rotation" of the scheduler.
> >
> > With the above it is easy to estimate the load of a CPU. We can simply
> > use the elapsed time between two invokations of the load balancer task.
> > When the load balancer task of a particular CPU gets run, it chalks up
> > the elapsed time on a score board somewhere, and checks whether there is
> > a significant imbalance between itself and some other CPU. If there is,
> > it commences to move some tasks between itself and the other CPU (note
> > rule B, though, it should be enough to mess with just two CPU queues at
> > a time to minimize balancing and locking overhead).
> >
> > Problem 3 is tricky. Basically, there should be a cost/benefit function
> > F(tasks to move) that should be minimized. Ideally F(task_i), the
> > cost/benefit of moving a single task, would be calculated as a byproduct
> > of the CPU scheduler algorithm.
> >
> > F(task_i) might be function of elapsed time since task_i was last
> > scheduled and the average time slice used by task_i, to account for the
> > probable cache hit. This would leave it up to the load balancer to move
> > as many lowest cost tasks to a new CPU as is needed to correct the
> > imbalance (average time slices used by each task would be needed in
> > order to make this decision).
> >
> > Naturally, some additional rules might be necessary to make a task
> > eligible for moving, e.g., never move the only/last CPU bound task to
> > another CPU. In addition, it might actually make sense to move at most
> > one task at each invocation of the load balancer, to further reduce the
> > probability of thrashing. The load would still converge fairly quickly
> > towards a balanced state. It would also scale fairly well with the
> > number of CPUs.
> >
> > How does that sound?
> >
> > MikaL
> > -
> > To unsubscribe from this list: send the line "unsubscribe linux-kernel" in
> > the body of a message to majordomo@vger.kernel.org
> > More majordomo info at http://vger.kernel.org/majordomo-info.html
> > Please read the FAQ at http://www.tux.org/lkml/
> -
> To unsubscribe from this list: send the line "unsubscribe linux-kernel" in
> the body of a message to majordomo@vger.kernel.org
> More majordomo info at http://vger.kernel.org/majordomo-info.html
> Please read the FAQ at http://www.tux.org/lkml/
-
To unsubscribe from this list: send the line "unsubscribe linux-kernel" in
the body of a message to majordomo@vger.kernel.org
More majordomo info at http://vger.kernel.org/majordomo-info.html
Please read the FAQ at http://www.tux.org/lkml/

\
 
 \ /
  Last update: 2005-03-22 13:05    [W:0.095 / U:4.272 seconds]
©2003-2020 Jasper Spaans|hosted at Digital Ocean and TransIP|Read the blog|Advertise on this site