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SubjectRe: how to get virtual address from dma address
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groudier@free.fr said:
> No problem. Here is the FULL simple code from SYM-2 driver that
> perform the reverse mapping (it is mostly the same in sym53c8xx):

Well, since this piece of code isn't in the current kernel, it makes it more
difficult, but it looks to me like there's an internal ccb structure in the
driver that would contain pointers to the scsi command pointer, the dsa
structure and various other things. The dsa structure is the chip's internal
representation of an outstanding command. When a command is completed, you
get a dma address of the dsa pointer back from the chip, so you do the
sym_ccb_from_dsa() conversion to get the ccb and from that you get the virtual
address of the dsa structure because you need to collect completion
information about the command before sending it back into the mid-layer.

The way you do this is to walk a list of ccb structures hashed on the dsa
pointer for efficient reverse lookup until you find the ccb of the returning
dsa.

It's certainly a valid thing to do, I've done it before myself. However, an
equally valid way of processing a returning dsa is to embed a pointer to the
ccb structure in the dsa structure. Then to get back to the ccb you simply
dereference the dsa structure. The catch now is that I need the virtual
address of the dsa pointer. If I had the API I could do this. How
efficiently? well on the x86 it's a simple bit flip to get the virtual
address and away I go. The cost is O(1). On the most opaque DMA hardware, the
mappings would have to be stored separately in a hash table. The cost of
doing the lookup is O(number of pages registered for this device) which, since
I would expect to pack a few dsa structures per page is less than O(total dsa
structures).

Your method, providing only outstanding dsa structures are hashed, has an
efficiency O(total outstanding commands).

So, for the worst case DMA hardware the two methods are very comparable (you
can probably get each to beat the other by judicious tuning of the hash bucket
size). For the best case DMA hardware, my lookup is O(1) which is hard for a
hash lookup to beat.

So, in summary we have two methods, each of which could beat the other under
optimal hardware conditions. Which should be used? well that's up to the
choice of the device driver writer.

My point here is that there isn't a choice any more because the API to do DMA
to virtual address mappings is gone. What I've done is proposed a replacement
API that will have no impact on a device driver writer who doesn't want to use
it.

The fact that you wouldn't use it is irrelevant to the argument, since I've no
wish to force you to. However, I do want the the freedom to write my drivers
according to my choice of method.

So the outstanding point of debate still remains: what is wrong with the
proposed API? The arguments I've heard so far are:

- It might be misused [true but not relevant].
- It would bloat the kernel [Actually, it would be implemented as #defines
like the standard dma APIs, so would only bloat the kernel for hardware that
has no window into the IOMMU]
- You can do the same thing differently [true, but you cannot do it as
efficiently on optimal dma hardware].

James Bottomley


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