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SubjectRe: Kernel size
On 4 Oct 2001, Eric W. Biederman wrote:

> CaT <> writes:
> > On Thu, Oct 04, 2001 at 12:15:01AM -0600, Eric W. Biederman wrote:

> I'd like to get a kernel, ramdisk, and some hw initialization code all
> on a 256KB ROM. I have my ramdisk down to about 14KB compressed. I
> have my hw initialization code down to 32KB uncompressed (and I might
> be able to reduce that further). So I want something like a 192KB
> (compressed) linux kernel.
> If I had that some of the hard problems of with linuxBIOS would just
> drop away.

Major size differences seem to depend upon the C compiler being

Here are two different systems with exactly the same kernel
with exactly the same ".config" file.

The kernel on one is compiled with whatever comes with RedHat.
The other is compiled with egcs-2.91.66.

We are looking at the compressed size! The actual expanded size
difference is about 2:1 !

Script started on Thu Oct 4 10:10:31 2001
[root@blackhole /boot]# ls -la vmlinuz-2.4.1
-rw-r--r-- 1 root root 648638 Mar 12 2001 vmlinuz-2.4.1
[root@blackhole /boot]# gcc --version
[root@blackhole /boot]# exit
Script done on Thu Oct 4 10:11:11 2001

Script started on Thu Oct 4 10:11:26 2001
# gcc --version
# ls -la vmlinuz-2.4.1
-rw-r--r-- 1 root root 584959 Oct 1 15:26 vmlinuz-2.4.1
# exit
Script done on Thu Oct 4 10:12:01 2001

It seems that, amongst other ethings, 2.96 aligns every function and
every memory variable on 16-byte boundaries, i.e., the offset address
lowest nibble is always 0. There doesn't seem to be any way to turn it

So, if size counts, use egcs-2.91.66. It works okay with 2.4.x kernels.

Dick Johnson

Penguin : Linux version 2.4.1 on an i686 machine (799.53 BogoMips).

I was going to compile a list of innovations that could be
attributed to Microsoft. Once I realized that Ctrl-Alt-Del
was handled in the BIOS, I found that there aren't any.

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