lkml.org 
[lkml]   [2001]   [Oct]   [17]   [last100]   RSS Feed
Views: [wrap][no wrap]   [headers]  [forward] 
 
Messages in this thread
Patch in this message
/
Date
From
SubjectRe: Making diff(1) of linux kernels faster

On Wed, 17 Oct 2001, Marcelo Tosatti wrote:
> >
> > And I've for a long time thought about adding a "readahead()" system call.
> > There are just too many uses for it, it has come up in many different
> > areas..
>
> There is a paper on USENIX 2001 which does implement directory readahead
> and it shows huge improvements for some workload.

Hmm.. The implementation is trivial, it's really just a simple 3-line
while-loop, with the rest of the code just doing argument checking etc.

Attached is the kernel diff ("ra-diff") along with a stupid program
("preread.c"), cribbed mostly from Pauls first patch to use it to pre-read
a while tree.

It took much longer to compile the kernel and reboot, and write the
test-program than it did to write the patch itself ;)

It walks the whole kernel tree in 0.2 seconds of CPU-time on my machine
(of course, if it actually needs to start IO, the 0.2 seconds becomes 0.3
seconds of CPU time and almost a minute and a half of wall-clock.
Anyway, it clearly isn't a CPU-hog like doing a real "read" would have
been).

And unlike the read, it doesn't have any impact on the active queue.

Linus
diff -u --recursive --new-file pre3/linux/arch/i386/kernel/entry.S linux/arch/i386/kernel/entry.S
--- pre3/linux/arch/i386/kernel/entry.S Mon Oct 8 10:39:58 2001
+++ linux/arch/i386/kernel/entry.S Wed Oct 17 10:02:39 2001
@@ -621,6 +621,7 @@
.long SYMBOL_NAME(sys_ni_syscall) /* reserved for TUX */
.long SYMBOL_NAME(sys_ni_syscall) /* Reserved for Security */
.long SYMBOL_NAME(sys_gettid)
+ .long SYMBOL_NAME(sys_readahead) /* 225 */

.rept NR_syscalls-(.-sys_call_table)/4
.long SYMBOL_NAME(sys_ni_syscall)
diff -u --recursive --new-file pre3/linux/include/asm-i386/unistd.h linux/include/asm-i386/unistd.h
--- pre3/linux/include/asm-i386/unistd.h Mon Oct 8 10:40:16 2001
+++ linux/include/asm-i386/unistd.h Wed Oct 17 10:03:03 2001
@@ -229,6 +229,7 @@
#define __NR_fcntl64 221
#define __NR_security 223 /* syscall for security modules */
#define __NR_gettid 224
+#define __NR_readahead 225

/* user-visible error numbers are in the range -1 - -124: see <asm-i386/errno.h> */

diff -u --recursive --new-file pre3/linux/mm/filemap.c linux/mm/filemap.c
--- pre3/linux/mm/filemap.c Mon Oct 15 16:17:40 2001
+++ linux/mm/filemap.c Wed Oct 17 10:21:37 2001
@@ -1520,6 +1520,53 @@
return retval;
}

+static ssize_t do_readahead(struct file *file, unsigned long index, unsigned long nr)
+{
+ struct address_space *mapping = file->f_dentry->d_inode->i_mapping;
+ unsigned long max;
+
+ if (!mapping || !mapping->a_ops || !mapping->a_ops->readpage)
+ return -EINVAL;
+
+ /* Limit it to the size of the file.. */
+ max = (mapping->host->i_size + ~PAGE_CACHE_MASK) >> PAGE_CACHE_SHIFT;
+ if (index > max)
+ return 0;
+ max -= index;
+ if (nr > max)
+ nr = max;
+
+ /* And limit it to a sane percentage of the inactive list.. */
+ max = nr_inactive_pages / 2;
+ if (nr > max)
+ nr = max;
+
+ while (nr) {
+ page_cache_read(file, index);
+ index++;
+ nr--;
+ }
+ return 0;
+}
+
+asmlinkage ssize_t sys_readahead(int fd, loff_t offset, size_t count)
+{
+ ssize_t ret;
+ struct file *file;
+
+ ret = -EBADF;
+ file = fget(fd);
+ if (file) {
+ if (file->f_mode & FMODE_READ) {
+ unsigned long start = offset >> PAGE_CACHE_SHIFT;
+ unsigned long len = (count + ((long)offset & ~PAGE_CACHE_MASK)) >> PAGE_CACHE_SHIFT;
+ ret = do_readahead(file, start, len);
+ }
+ fput(file);
+ }
+ return ret;
+}
+
/*
* Read-ahead and flush behind for MADV_SEQUENTIAL areas. Since we are
* sure this is sequential access, we don't need a flexible read-ahead#include <sys/types.h>
#include <sys/stat.h>
#include <dirent.h>
#include <stdlib.h>
#include <sys/fcntl.h>

/* Preload the OS's cache with all files of one branch for recursive diffs */

#define __NR_readahead 225

asm(
"__readahead:\n\t"
"pushl %ebx\n\t"
"pushl %esi\n\t"
"movl 12(%esp),%ebx\n\t"
"movl 16(%esp),%ecx\n\t"
"movl 20(%esp),%edx\n\t"
"movl 24(%esp),%esi\n\t"
"movl $225,%eax\n\t"
"int $0x80\n\t"
"popl %esi\n\t"
"popl %ebx\n\t"
"ret"
);

extern ssize_t __readahead(int fd, loff_t offset, size_t size);

void
preread (dir)
const char *dir;
{

DIR *d;
struct dirent *dent;

d = opendir(dir);
if (d == NULL) return;

while ((dent = readdir(d)) != NULL)
{
int fd;
struct stat st;
char *name, *path;

name = dent->d_name;
if (name[0] == '.' && (name[1] == 0 || (name[1] == '.' && name[2] == 0)))
continue;

path = malloc(strlen(dir)+strlen(name)+2);
strcpy(path, dir);
strcat(path, "/");
strcat(path, name);

fd = open(path, O_RDONLY);
if (fd >= 0) {
if (fstat(fd, &st) == 0) {
if (S_ISDIR(st.st_mode))
preread(path);
else if (S_ISREG(st.st_mode))
{
__readahead(fd, 0, ~0UL);
}
}
close(fd);
}
free(path);
}
closedir(d);
}

int main(int argc, char **argv)
{
preread(argv[1]);
return 0;
}
\
 
 \ /
  Last update: 2005-03-22 13:08    [W:0.116 / U:1.464 seconds]
©2003-2020 Jasper Spaans|hosted at Digital Ocean and TransIP|Read the blog|Advertise on this site