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SubjectRe: RH 7.1 gcc 2.96 bug (was Re: TAKE - work around gcc bug during xfs_growfs )
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Thanks for the diagnosis - we need help when it comes to reading intel
assembler in depth. Please pass this on to redhat.

Steve

>
> Eric Sandeen <sandeen@sgi.com> wrote:
>
> > > You may want to check it against the rawhide -99 version, since you know
> > > exactly what to test for. If you'd like I could try that tonight for
> > > you.
> >
> > Sure, if you'd like to test it that would be great. I was going to
> > install that compiler RPM, but it needs a new binutils which needs a
> > new glibc which needs... :)
> >
> > Take a look at that URL for the diff I posted, and back it out.
> >
> > To test for the error,
> ...[example creating an XFS filesystem about 1/2 the partition size,
> then growing it to the full partition size]...
> > If you see any errors, it didn't work. :)
>
> Well, I wasn't able to reproduce with your test case at all. I suspect
> that maybe it's the fact that I only had a 2GB spare partition to try it
> on.
>
> On the positive (??!?) side, I looked at the disassembly and found
> what the compiler is doing wrong in the case you worked around
> (ok, so you probably already know this, but I'm putting this here
> so that someone can fix the bug or convince RedHat to move to
> away from 2.96, maybe to 3.x).
>
> In the second one of the 5 cases of where you added a temporary rather
> than a putting the macro in the function parameter sequence directly,
> there are some operations done to what appear to be spill locations,
> but the spill and reload are never performed... so it seems these
> locations were allocated for spill/reload, but then wires got crossed
> somewhere.
>
> In the "fixed" version, the exact same operations are performed
> on the same stack locations, but the spill happens before and a reload
> happens afterward, hence my suspicions.
>
> Here is the assembly output difference (from the original and recently
> "fixed" version of "linux/fs/xfs/xfs_fsops.c" in the linux-xfs CVS
> tree):
>
> "original version":
>
> sall %cl, %eax
> testb $32, %cl
> cmovne %eax, %edx
> cmovne %edi, %eax
>
> [no spill?!?]
>
> --> addl $2, 16(%esp)
> --> adcl $0, 20(%esp)
>
> [no reload!?!]
>
> shldl $9, %eax, %edx
> sall $9, %eax
> pushl %edx
> pushl %eax
>
>
> "fixed version":
>
> sall %cl, %eax
> testb $32, %cl
> cmovne %eax, %edx
> cmovne %ebx, %eax
> S-> movl %eax, 8(%esp)
> --> addl $2, 8(%esp)
> S-> movl %edx, 12(%esp)
> --> adcl $0, 12(%esp)
> pushl $8708
> movl 80(%esp), %ecx
> sall $9, %ecx
> pushl %ecx
> R-> movl 16(%esp), %eax
> R-> movl 20(%esp), %edx
> shldl $9, %eax, %edx
> sall $9, %eax
> pushl %edx
> pushl %eax
>
>
> Note the ending code sequence to push the parameters on the stack
> are the same, but in the first sequence, the operations are done
> on memory locations that have no connection with the rest of the
> code. Ack.
>
> It is very reproducable and happens in all the RedHat 7.1 gcc 2.96
> series compiler versions I tried: -81 (the one in the base release),
> -85 (the one in RedHat's update set), -88, and -99 (the most recent
> currently in RawHide). Personally, this problem is weird enough to
> kind of spook me... seems they've had busted register spill/reload
> logic for a while.
>
> The RawHide GCC 3.0.1 compiler I grabbed doesn't have this problem,
> and the rest of the code in that file appears to be correct regardless
> of your workaround. Same with "kgcc".
>
>
> Do you want me to send this to RedHat? ...or have you got as good/
> better explanation to hand to them already?
>
>
> --
> Erich Stefan Boleyn <erich@uruk.org> http://www.uruk.org/
> "Reality is truly stranger than fiction; Probably why fiction is so popular"


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