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SubjectRe: 2.4.10-ac10-preempt lmbench output.
Date
Am Mittwoch, 10. Oktober 2001 06:23 schrieb Andrea Arcangeli:
> On Wed, Oct 10, 2001 at 05:57:46AM +0200, Dieter Nützel wrote:

[...]
> > I get the dropouts (2~3 sec) after dbench 32 is running for 9~10 seconds.

It is mostly only _ONE_ dropout like above.

> > I've tried with RT artds and nice -20 mpg123.
> >
> > Kernel: 2.4.11-pre6 + 00_vm-1 + preempt
> >
> > Only solution:
> > I have to copy the test MPG3 file into /dev/shm.
>
> If copying the mp3 data into /dev/shm fixes the problem it could be also
> an I/O overload.

The above plus nice -20 mpg123 *.mp3
I've forgotten to clearify this, sorry.

Should I try 2.4.11 + 00_vm-1 or 2.4.11aa1, again?

> So if this is just an I/O overload (possible too) some possible fixes
> could be:
>
> 1) buy faster disk

:-)

But I've checked it with two SCSI disks.
IBM DDYS U160 10k for dbench 32 and
IBM DDRS UW 7.2k for the mp3s

=> the hiccup

> 2) try with elvtune -r 1 -w 2 /dev/hd[abcd] /dev/sd[abcd] that will try
> to decrease the global I/O disk bandwith of the system, but it will
> increase fairness

OK, after I had some sleep...

> > CPU (1 GHz Athlon II) is ~75% idle during the hiccup.
>
> Of course I can imagine. This is totally unrelated to scheduler
> latencies, it's either vm write throttling or I/O congestion so you
> don't have enough bandwith to read the file or both.

It is only _ONE_ time during the whole dbench 32 run.

> > The dbench processes are mostly in wait_page/wait_cache if I remember
> > right. So I think that you are right it is a file IO wait (latency)
> > problem.
>
> Yes.
>
> > Please hurry up with your read/write copy-user paths lowlatency patches
> > ;-)
>
> In the meantime you can use the preemption points in the copy-user, they
> can add a bit more of overhead but nothing interesting, I believe it's
> more a cleanup than an improvement to move the reschedule points in
> read/write as suggested by Andrew.
>
> BTW, this is the relevant patch:
>
> ftp://ftp.us.kernel.org/pub/linux/kernel/people/andrea/kernels/v2.4/2.4.11
>aa1/00_copy-user-lat-5

GREAT.

> You're probably more interested in the possible heuristic that I've in
> mind to avoid xmms to wait I/O completion for the work submitted by
> dbench. Of course assuming the vm write throttling was a relevant cause
> of the dropouts, and that the dropouts weren't just due an I/O
> congestion (too low disk bendwith).

> BTW, to find out if the reason of the dropouts where the vm write
> throttling or the too low disk bandwith you can run ps l <pid_of_xmms>,

What do you mean here? I can't find a meaningfully ps option.

> if it says wait_on_buffer all the time it's the vm write throttling, if
> it says always something else it's the too low disk bandwith, I suspect
> as said above that you'll see both things because it is probably a mixed
> effect. If it's not vm write throttling only a faster disk or elvtune
> tweaking can help you, there's no renice-IO -n -20 that allows to
> prioritize the I/O bandwith to a certain application.

Thanks,
Dieter
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