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SubjectRe: [PATCH] - filesystem corruption on soft RAID5 in 2.4.0+
With this patch I did rebuilt my raid5 from scratch. So far it still runs in degraded mode
to honor the father of invention.
System is a SMP Dual Celeron with kernel 2.4.0. I copied 18 Gbyte of data from my
backup to it. So far i have not seen any corroption messages.
Last time I did that I got a lot of them. Seams that the fix has improved things for me.


On Mon, 22 Jan 2001 07:47:42 +1100 (EST), Neil Brown wrote:

>There have been assorted reports of filesystem corruption on raid5 in
>2.4.0, and I have finally got a patch - see below.
>I don't know if it addresses everybody's problems, but it fixed a very
>really problem that is very reproducable.
>The problem is that parity can be calculated wrongly when doing a
>read-modify-write update cycle. If you have a fully functional, you
>wont notice this problem as the parity block is never used to return
>data. But if you have a degraded array, you will get corruption very
>So I think this will solve the reported corruption with ext2fs, as I
>think they were mostly on degradred arrays. I have no idea whether it
>will address the reiserfs problems as I don't think anybody reporting
>those problems described their array.
>In any case, please apply, and let me know of any further problems.
>--- ./drivers/md/raid5.c 2001/01/21 04:01:57 1.1
>+++ ./drivers/md/raid5.c 2001/01/21 20:36:05 1.2
>@@ -714,6 +714,11 @@
> break;
> }
> spin_unlock_irq(&conf->device_lock);
>+ if (count>1) {
>+ xor_block(count, bh_ptr);
>+ count = 1;
>+ }
> for (i = disks; i--;)
> if (chosen[i]) {
> struct buffer_head *bh = sh->bh_cache[i];
> From my notes for this patch:
> For the read-modify-write cycle, we need to calculate the xor of a
> bunch of old blocks and bunch of new versions of those blocks. The
> old and new blocks occupy the same buffer space, and because xoring
> is delayed until we have lots of buffers, it could get delayed too
> much and parity doesn't get calculated until after data had been
> over-written.
> This patch flushes any pending xor's before copying over old buffers.
>Everybody running raid5 on 2.4.0 or 2.4.1-pre really should apply this
>patch, and then arrange the get parity checked and corrected on their
>There currently isn't a clean way to correct parity.
>One way would be to shut down to single user, remount all filesystems
>readonly, or un mount them, and the pull the plug.
>On reboot, raid will rebuild parity, but the filesystems should be
>An alternate it so rerun mkraid giving exactly the write configuration.
>This doesn't require pulling the plug, but if you get the config file
>wrong, you could loose your data.

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