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Subject[PATCH] i386/setup.c cpuinfo notsc
On Thu, 11 Jan 2001, Linus Torvalds wrote
(under Subject: Re: 2.4.1-pre1 breaks XFree 4.0.2 and "w"):
>
> We _want_ /proc/cpuinfo to reflect the fact that the kernel considers
> FSXR/XMM to not exist. That is true information, and is in fact something
> that install scripts etc can find extremely useful.
>
> [snip]
>
> Similarly, when we disable TSC, it's also telling user-land that this
> machine does not appear to have a working TSC for some reason. User-land
> applications may also care about the fact that TSC seems to skip time if
> the machine is idle etc (which was apparently the problem with some broken
> Cyrix chips).

That's how "notsc" used to behave, but since 2.4.0-test11
"notsc" has left "tsc" in /proc/cpuinfo. setup.c has a bogus
"#ifdef CONFIG_TSC" which should be "#ifndef CONFIG_X86_TSC".

HPA, Maciej and I discussed that around 5 Dec 2000; but HPA
was of Andrea's persuasion, that we should not mask caps out
of (real CPU entries in) /proc/cpuinfo, so we made no change.

In discussion we found a more worrying error in the SMP case:
boot_cpu_data is supposed to be left with those x86_capabilities
common to all CPUs, but the code to do so was unaware that
boot_cpu_data is overwritten in booting each CPU. Even if all
CPUs have the same features, I imagine the Linux-defined ones
(CXMMX, K6_MTRR, CYRIX_ARR, CENTAUR_MCR) were unintentionally
masked out of the final boot_cpu_data.

The patch below fixes both those issues, and also clears
"pse" from /proc/cpuinfo in the same way if "mem=nopentium".
Tempted to rename "tsc_disable" to "disable_x86_tsc", but resisted.

I think there are still anomalies in the Cyrix and Centaur TSC
handling - shouldn't dodgy_tsc() check Centaur too? shouldn't
we set X86_CR4_TSD wherever we clear X86_FEATURE_TSC? - but I
don't have those CPUs to test, I'm wary of disabling TSC since
finding RH7.0 installed on i686 needs rdtsc to run /sbin/init,
and even if they are wrong then "notsc" corrects the situation:
not 2.4.1 material.

Hugh

--- linux-2.4.1-pre3/arch/i386/kernel/setup.c Fri Jan 12 15:20:33 2001
+++ linux/arch/i386/kernel/setup.c Mon Jan 15 18:07:15 2001
@@ -148,6 +148,7 @@

static int disable_x86_serial_nr __initdata = 1;
static int disable_x86_fxsr __initdata = 0;
+static int disable_x86_pse __initdata = 0;

/*
* This is set up by the setup-routine at boot-time
@@ -550,6 +551,7 @@
if (!memcmp(from+4, "nopentium", 9)) {
from += 9+4;
clear_bit(X86_FEATURE_PSE, &boot_cpu_data.x86_capability);
+ disable_x86_pse = 1;
} else if (!memcmp(from+4, "exactmap", 8)) {
from += 8+4;
e820.nr_map = 0;
@@ -1884,6 +1886,9 @@
return have_cpuid_p(); /* Check to see if CPUID now enabled? */
}

+static __u32 common_x86_capability[NCAPINTS] __initdata = {
+ 0xffffffff, 0xffffffff, 0xffffffff, 0xffffffff };
+
/*
* This does the hard work of actually picking apart the CPU stuff...
*/
@@ -2007,8 +2012,12 @@
* we do "generic changes."
*/

+ /* PSE disabled? */
+ if (disable_x86_pse)
+ clear_bit(X86_FEATURE_PSE, &c->x86_capability);
+
/* TSC disabled? */
-#ifdef CONFIG_TSC
+#ifndef CONFIG_X86_TSC
if ( tsc_disable )
clear_bit(X86_FEATURE_TSC, &c->x86_capability);
#endif
@@ -2043,16 +2052,13 @@
c->x86_capability[3]);

/*
- * On SMP, boot_cpu_data holds the common feature set between
- * all CPUs; so make sure that we indicate which features are
- * common between the CPUs. The first time this routine gets
- * executed, c == &boot_cpu_data.
+ * On SMP, boot_cpu_data is to hold the feature set common
+ * between all CPUs. But boot_cpu_data is rewritten by each CPU
+ * as it boots, so overwrite that with common features each time.
*/
- if ( c != &boot_cpu_data ) {
- /* AND the already accumulated flags with these */
- for ( i = 0 ; i < NCAPINTS ; i++ )
- boot_cpu_data.x86_capability[i] &= c->x86_capability[i];
- }
+ for ( i = 0 ; i < NCAPINTS ; i++ )
+ boot_cpu_data.x86_capability[i] =
+ common_x86_capability[i] &= c->x86_capability[i];

printk("CPU: Common caps: %08x %08x %08x %08x\n",
boot_cpu_data.x86_capability[0],
-
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