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SubjectRe: Out of socket memory? (2.4.0-test11)
Dan Kegel wrote:
> Daniel Walton (zwwe@opti.cgi.net) wrote:
> > I've been having a problem with a high volume Linux web server. This
> > particular web server used to be a FreeBSD machine and I've been trying to
> > successfully make the switch for some time now. I've been trying the 2.4
> > development kernels as they come out and I've been tweaking the /proc
> > filesystem variables but so far nothing seems to have fixed the
> > problem. The problem is that I get "Out of socket memory" errors and the
> > networking locks up...
>
> FWIW, the code that prints this is in ipv4/tcp_timer.c
> and it looks like it's a DoS attack countermeasure.
>
> /* Do not allow orphaned sockets to eat all our resources.
> * This is direct violation of TCP specs, but it is required
> * to prevent DoS attacks. It is called when a retransmission timeout
> * or zero probe timeout occurs on orphaned socket.
> ...
> if (orphans >= sysctl_tcp_max_orphans ||
> (sk->wmem_queued > SOCK_MIN_SNDBUF &&
> atomic_read(&tcp_memory_allocated) > sysctl_tcp_mem[2])) {
> if (net_ratelimit())
> printk(KERN_INFO "Out of socket memory\n");

See Documentation/networking/ip-sysctl.txt for more info and tuning
suggestions, esp. tcp_orphan_retries and tcp_max_orphans.
An orphaned socket is one that has at least partially
opened, but has not been fully accepted. You might try reducing
tcp_orphan_retries.

It looks like you can view the current number of orphans at
/proc/net/sockstat or something like that.

/*
* Report socket allocation statistics [mea@utu.fi]
*/
int afinet_get_info(char *buffer, char **start, off_t offset, int length)
{
/* From net/socket.c */
extern int socket_get_info(char *, char **, off_t, int);

int len = socket_get_info(buffer,start,offset,length);

len += sprintf(buffer+len,"TCP: inuse %d orphan %d tw %d alloc %d mem %d\n",
fold_prot_inuse(&tcp_prot),
atomic_read(&tcp_orphan_count), tcp_tw_count,
atomic_read(&tcp_sockets_allocated),
atomic_read(&tcp_memory_allocated));

- Dan
-
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