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SubjectRe: About Celeron processor memory barrier problem
Hi!

> > On Sun, Dec 24, 2000 at 11:36:00AM +0200, Kai Henningsen wrote:
>
> > There was a similar thread to this recently. The issue is that if you
> > choose the wrong processor type, you may not even be able to complain.
>
> Hmm ... I think I can see ways around that (essentially similar to the 16
> bit bootstrap code), but it may indeed be more trouble than it's worth.

Actually we are doing cpu detection during "uncompress" stage on
x86-64.

Here's how we do it: You might consider something similar.
Pavel

--- arch/i386/boot/compressed/misc.c Mon Nov 20 23:50:36 2000
+++ arch/x86_64/boot/compressed/misc.c Mon Nov 13 21:10:26 2000
@@ -8,6 +8,7 @@
* puts by Nick Holloway 1993, better puts by Martin Mares 1995
* High loaded stuff by Hans Lermen & Werner Almesberger, Feb. 1996
*/
+asm(".code32");

#include <linux/vmalloc.h>
#include <asm/io.h>
@@ -340,6 +341,75 @@
}
}

+void check_cpu(void)
+{
+ int res = 0;
+ asm volatile( " \n\
+ movl $3,%%edx # at least 386 \n\
+ pushfl # push EFLAGS \n\
+ popl %%eax # get EFLAGS \n\
+ movl %%eax,%%ecx # save original EFLAGS \n\
+ xorl $0x40000,%%eax # flip AC bit in EFLAGS \n\
+ pushl %%eax # copy to EFLAGS \n\
+ popfl # set EFLAGS \n\
+ pushfl # get new EFLAGS \n\
+ popl %%eax # put it in eax \n\
+ xorl %%ecx,%%eax # change in flags \n\
+ andl $0x40000,%%eax # check if AC bit changed \n\
+ je 1f \n\
+\n\
+ movl $4,%%edx # at least 486 \n\
+ movl %%ecx,%%eax \n\
+ xorl $0x200000,%%eax # check ID flag \n\
+ pushl %%eax \n\
+ popfl # if we are on a straight 486DX, SX, or \n\
+ pushfl # 487SX we can't change it \n\
+ popl %%eax \n\
+ xorl %%ecx,%%eax \n\
+ pushl %%ecx # restore original EFLAGS \n\
+ popfl \n\
+ andl $0x200000,%%eax \n\
+ je 1f \n\
+\n\
+ /* get vendor info */ \n\
+# xorl %%eax,%%eax # call CPUID with 0 -> return vendor ID \n\
+# cpuid \n\
+# movl $5, %%edx \n\
+# cmpl $0x41757468,%%ebx # check thats amd \n\
+# jne 1f \n\
+\n\
+ mov $0x80000000,%%eax\n\ # Is extended cpuid supported?
+ cpuid\n\
+ test %%eax,0x80000000\n\
+ movl $5, %%edx \n\
+ jz 1f\n\
+\n\
+ movl $0x80000001,%%eax \n\
+ cpuid \n\
+ andl $0x20000000,%%edx \n\
+ movl $6, %%edx \n\
+ jz 1f \n\
+\n\
+ movl $7, %%edx \n\
+1:" : "=d" (res) : : "eax", "ebx", "ecx" );
+
+ switch (res) {
+ case 3: puts( "386" );
+ break;
+ case 4: puts( "486" );
+ break;
+ case 5: puts( "no extended cpuid" );
+ break;
+ case 6: puts( "non-64bit 586+" );
+ break;
+ case 7: puts( "64bit" );
+ break;
+ default:puts( "internal error" );
+ break;
+ }
+ if (res !=7)
+ error( "Sorry, your CPU is not capable of running 64-bit kernel." );
+}

int decompress_kernel(struct moveparams *mv, void *rmode)
{
@@ -360,7 +430,9 @@
else setup_output_buffer_if_we_run_high(mv);

makecrc();
- puts("Uncompressing Linux... ");
+ puts("Checking CPU type... ");
+ check_cpu();
+ puts(", uncompressing Linux... ");
gunzip();
puts("Ok, booting the kernel.\n");
if (high_loaded) close_output_buffer_if_we_run_high(mv);


--
I'm pavel@ucw.cz. "In my country we have almost anarchy and I don't care."
Panos Katsaloulis describing me w.r.t. patents at discuss@linmodems.org
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