lkml.org 
[lkml]   [2000]   [Dec]   [21]   [last100]   RSS Feed
Views: [wrap][no wrap]   [headers]  [forward] 
 
Messages in this thread
Patch in this message
/
Date
From
Subject[RFC] changes to buffer.c (was Test12 ll_rw_block error)


Ok guys, I think I've taken Linus' suggestion to have buffer.c use its
own writepage a bit too far. This patch marks pages dirty when the
buffer head is marked dirty, and changes flush_dirty_buffers and
sync_buffers to use writepage instead of ll_rw_block. The idea is
to allow filesystems to use the buffer lists and provide their own
i/o mechanism.

The result is a serious semantics change for writepage, which now is
expected to do partial page writes when the page isn't up to date and
there are dirty buffers inside. For all the obvious reasons, this isn't
fit for 2.4.0, and if you all feel it is a 2.5. thing I'll send along
the shorter patch Linus originally suggested. But, I think it would
be pretty useful for the new filesystems (once I also fix
fsync_inode_buffers and sync_page_buffers).

Other changes: submit_bh now cleans the buffers. I don't see how
they were getting cleaned before, it must have been try_to_free_buffers
sending the page through sync_page_buffers, meaning they were probably
getting written twice. Unless someone throws a clue my way, I'll send
this out as a separate diff.

page_launder doesn't fiddle with the buffermem_pages counter, it is done
in try_to_free_buffers instead.

Obvious bug, block_write_full_page zeros out the bits past the end of
file every time. This should not be needed for normal file writes.

Most testing was on ext2, who actually calls mark_buffer_dirty, and
supports blocksizes < intel page size. More tests are running
overnight.

-chris

diff -urN linux.test13p3p/drivers/block/ll_rw_blk.c linux-test12/drivers/block/ll_rw_blk.c
--- linux.test13p3p/drivers/block/ll_rw_blk.c Tue Dec 19 05:07:50 2000
+++ linux.test13p3/drivers/block/ll_rw_blk.c Thu Dec 21 16:56:43 2000
@@ -954,6 +954,7 @@
if (!test_bit(BH_Lock, &bh->b_state))
BUG();

+ mark_buffer_clean(bh) ;
set_bit(BH_Req, &bh->b_state);

/*
diff -urN linux.test13p3p/fs/buffer.c linux-test12/fs/buffer.c
--- linux.test13p3p/fs/buffer.c Thu Dec 21 17:24:17 2000
+++ linux.test13p3/fs/buffer.c Thu Dec 21 17:28:46 2000
@@ -97,6 +97,16 @@

static int grow_buffers(int size);
static void __refile_buffer(struct buffer_head *);
+static int block_write_anon_page(struct page *);
+
+static struct address_space_operations anon_space_ops = {
+ writepage: block_write_anon_page,
+ sync_page: block_sync_page,
+} ;
+static struct address_space anon_space_mapping = {
+ pages: { &anon_space_mapping.pages, &anon_space_mapping.pages },
+ a_ops: &anon_space_ops,
+} ;

/* This is used by some architectures to estimate available memory. */
atomic_t buffermem_pages = ATOMIC_INIT(0);
@@ -161,6 +171,37 @@
atomic_dec(&bh->b_count);
}

+/*
+** util function for sync_buffers and flush_dirty_buffers
+** uses either the writepage func supplied in the page's mapping,
+** or the anon address space writepage
+*/
+static int dirty_list_writepage(struct page *page) {
+ int (*writepage)(struct page *) ;
+ int ret ;
+
+ writepage = page->mapping->a_ops->writepage ;
+
+ if (!writepage) {
+ writepage = anon_space_ops.writepage ;
+ }
+
+ page_cache_get(page) ;
+ ClearPageDirty(page) ;
+ ret = writepage(page) ;
+ /* note, when writepage returns 1, we mark the page dirty again
+ ** but the writepage func is responsible for making sure any
+ ** buffers that need to stay dirty really do stay dirty
+ ** ick.
+ */
+ if (ret == 1) {
+ SetPageDirty(page) ;
+ UnlockPage(page) ;
+ }
+ page_cache_release(page) ;
+ return ret ;
+}
+
/* Call sync_buffers with wait!=0 to ensure that the call does not
* return until all buffer writes have completed. Sync() may return
* before the writes have finished; fsync() may not.
@@ -175,6 +216,7 @@
{
int i, retry, pass = 0, err = 0;
struct buffer_head * bh, *next;
+ struct page *page ;

/* One pass for no-wait, three for wait:
* 0) write out all dirty, unlocked buffers;
@@ -230,10 +272,19 @@
if (!buffer_dirty(bh) || pass >= 2)
continue;

- atomic_inc(&bh->b_count);
+ page = bh->b_page ;
+ if (TryLockPage(page)) {
+ if (!wait || !pass) {
+ retry = 1 ;
+ continue ;
+ }
+ spin_unlock(&lru_list_lock);
+ wait_on_page(page) ;
+ goto repeat ;
+ }
spin_unlock(&lru_list_lock);
- ll_rw_block(WRITE, 1, &bh);
- atomic_dec(&bh->b_count);
+
+ dirty_list_writepage(page) ;
retry = 1;
goto repeat;
}
@@ -1096,8 +1147,10 @@
int dispose = BUF_CLEAN;
if (buffer_locked(bh))
dispose = BUF_LOCKED;
- if (buffer_dirty(bh))
+ if (buffer_dirty(bh)) {
dispose = BUF_DIRTY;
+ SetPageDirty(bh->b_page) ;
+ }
if (buffer_protected(bh))
dispose = BUF_PROTECTED;
if (dispose != bh->b_list) {
@@ -1473,6 +1526,52 @@
* "Dirty" is valid only with the last case (mapped+uptodate).
*/

+static int block_write_anon_page(struct page *page)
+{
+ struct buffer_head *bh, *head, *arr[MAX_BUF_PER_PAGE];
+ int i, nr = 0 ;
+ int partial = 0 ;
+ int ret = 0 ;
+
+ if (!PageLocked(page))
+ BUG();
+
+ if (!page->buffers)
+ BUG() ;
+
+ head = page->buffers;
+ bh = head;
+
+ /* Stage 1: find the dirty buffers, lock them for submit_bh */
+ do {
+ if (!test_and_set_bit(BH_Lock, &bh->b_state)) {
+ if (buffer_uptodate(bh) && buffer_dirty(bh)) {
+ bh->b_end_io = end_buffer_io_async;
+ atomic_inc(&bh->b_count);
+ arr[nr++] = bh ;
+ } else {
+ partial = 1 ;
+ unlock_buffer(bh) ;
+ }
+ } else {
+ partial = 1 ;
+ }
+ bh = bh->b_this_page;
+ } while (bh != head);
+
+ /* Stage 2: submit the IO */
+ for (i = 0 ; i < nr ; i++) {
+ submit_bh(WRITE, arr[i]) ;
+ }
+ /* Done - end_buffer_io_async will unlock */
+ if (!partial)
+ SetPageUptodate(page);
+ if (nr == 0) {
+ UnlockPage(page) ;
+ }
+ return ret ;
+}
+
/*
* block_write_full_page() is SMP-safe - currently it's still
* being called with the kernel lock held, but the code is ready.
@@ -1482,6 +1581,10 @@
int err, i;
unsigned long block;
struct buffer_head *bh, *head;
+ int nr = 0 ;
+ struct buffer_head *arr[MAX_BUF_PER_PAGE] ;
+ int page_ok = Page_Uptodate(page) ;
+ int partial = 0;

if (!PageLocked(page))
BUG();
@@ -1504,36 +1607,46 @@
*
* Leave it to the low-level FS to make all those
* decisions (block #0 may actually be a valid block)
+ *
+ * only bother when the page is up to date or the buffer
+ * is dirty.
*/
- if (!buffer_mapped(bh)) {
- err = get_block(inode, block, bh, 1);
- if (err)
- goto out;
- if (buffer_new(bh))
- unmap_underlying_metadata(bh);
+ if (page_ok || buffer_dirty(bh)) {
+ if (!buffer_mapped(bh)) {
+ err = get_block(inode, block, bh, 1);
+ if (err)
+ goto out;
+ if (buffer_new(bh))
+ unmap_underlying_metadata(bh);
+ }
+ arr[nr++] = bh ;
+ } else {
+ partial = 1 ;
}
bh = bh->b_this_page;
block++;
} while (bh != head);

/* Stage 2: lock the buffers, mark them dirty */
- do {
+ for (i = 0 ; i < nr ; i++) {
+ bh = arr[i] ;
lock_buffer(bh);
bh->b_end_io = end_buffer_io_async;
atomic_inc(&bh->b_count);
set_bit(BH_Uptodate, &bh->b_state);
set_bit(BH_Dirty, &bh->b_state);
- bh = bh->b_this_page;
- } while (bh != head);
+ }

- /* Stage 3: submit the IO */
- do {
- submit_bh(WRITE, bh);
- bh = bh->b_this_page;
- } while (bh != head);
+ for (i = 0 ; i < nr ; i++) {
+ submit_bh(WRITE, arr[i]) ;
+ }
+
+ if (nr == 0)
+ UnlockPage(page) ;

/* Done - end_buffer_io_async will unlock */
- SetPageUptodate(page);
+ if (!partial)
+ SetPageUptodate(page);
return 0;

out:
@@ -1653,6 +1766,45 @@
}

/*
+** just sets the dirty bits for a range of buffers in the page. Does
+** not balance the dirty list, or put the buffers onto the dirty list
+*/
+static int __block_dirty_range(struct inode *inode, struct page *page,
+ unsigned from, unsigned to)
+{
+ unsigned block_start, block_end;
+ int partial = 0 ;
+ unsigned blocksize;
+ struct buffer_head *bh, *head;
+
+ blocksize = inode->i_sb->s_blocksize;
+
+ for(bh = head = page->buffers, block_start = 0;
+ bh != head || !block_start;
+ block_start=block_end, bh = bh->b_this_page) {
+ block_end = block_start + blocksize;
+ if (block_end <= from || block_start >= to) {
+ if (!buffer_uptodate(bh))
+ partial = 1;
+ } else {
+ set_bit(BH_Uptodate, &bh->b_state);
+ if (!atomic_set_buffer_dirty(bh)) {
+ buffer_insert_inode_queue(bh, inode);
+ }
+ }
+ }
+ /*
+ * is this a partial write that happened to make all buffers
+ * uptodate then we can optimize away a bogus readpage() for
+ * the next read(). Here we 'discover' wether the page went
+ * uptodate as a result of this (potentially partial) write.
+ */
+ if (!partial)
+ SetPageUptodate(page);
+ return 0;
+}
+
+/*
* Generic "read page" function for block devices that have the normal
* get_block functionality. This is most of the block device filesystems.
* Reads the page asynchronously --- the unlock_buffer() and
@@ -1942,13 +2093,23 @@
if (!err) {
memset(page_address(page) + offset, 0, PAGE_CACHE_SIZE - offset);
flush_dcache_page(page);
- __block_commit_write(inode,page,0,offset);
+
+ /* this will just set the dirty bits for block_write_full_page
+ ** it is only safe because we have the page locked and
+ ** nobody will try to write the buffers between
+ ** the block_dirty_range and the write_full_page calls
+ ** we have to clear the page up to date so the buffers
+ ** past the end of the file won't get written
+ */
+ __block_dirty_range(inode,page,0,offset);
+ ClearPageUptodate(page);
+ err = __block_write_full_page(inode, page, get_block) ;
done:
kunmap(page);
- UnlockPage(page);
return err;
}
ClearPageUptodate(page);
+ UnlockPage(page);
goto done;
}

@@ -2239,7 +2400,7 @@
struct buffer_head *bh, *tmp;
struct buffer_head * insert_point;
int isize;
-
+ unsigned long index ;
if ((size & 511) || (size > PAGE_SIZE)) {
printk("VFS: grow_buffers: size = %d\n",size);
return 0;
@@ -2255,6 +2416,16 @@

isize = BUFSIZE_INDEX(size);

+ /* don't put this buffer head on the free list until the
+ ** page is setup. Is there a better index to use? Would 0
+ ** be good enough?
+ */
+ page->flags &= ~(1 << PG_referenced);
+ index = atomic_read(&buffermem_pages) ;
+ atomic_inc(&buffermem_pages);
+ add_to_page_cache_locked(page, &anon_space_mapping, index) ;
+ page->buffers = bh;
+
spin_lock(&free_list[isize].lock);
insert_point = free_list[isize].list;
tmp = bh;
@@ -2278,11 +2449,7 @@
free_list[isize].list = bh;
spin_unlock(&free_list[isize].lock);

- page->buffers = bh;
- page->flags &= ~(1 << PG_referenced);
- lru_cache_add(page);
UnlockPage(page);
- atomic_inc(&buffermem_pages);
return 1;

no_buffer_head:
@@ -2381,6 +2548,9 @@

/* And free the page */
page->buffers = NULL;
+ if (page->mapping == (&anon_space_mapping)) {
+ atomic_dec(&buffermem_pages) ;
+ }
page_cache_release(page);
spin_unlock(&free_list[index].lock);
write_unlock(&hash_table_lock);
@@ -2559,6 +2729,7 @@
static int flush_dirty_buffers(int check_flushtime)
{
struct buffer_head * bh, *next;
+ struct page *page ;
int flushed = 0, i;

restart:
@@ -2575,6 +2746,8 @@
}
if (buffer_locked(bh))
continue;
+ if (!buffer_uptodate(bh))
+ continue ;

if (check_flushtime) {
/* The dirty lru list is chronologically ordered so
@@ -2587,13 +2760,12 @@
if (++flushed > bdf_prm.b_un.ndirty)
goto out_unlock;
}
-
- /* OK, now we are committed to write it out. */
- atomic_inc(&bh->b_count);
- spin_unlock(&lru_list_lock);
- ll_rw_block(WRITE, 1, &bh);
- atomic_dec(&bh->b_count);
-
+ page = bh->b_page ;
+ if (TryLockPage(page)) {
+ continue ;
+ }
+ spin_unlock(&lru_list_lock) ;
+ dirty_list_writepage(page) ;
if (current->need_resched)
schedule();
goto restart;
diff -urN linux.test13p3p/mm/page_alloc.c linux-test12/mm/page_alloc.c
--- linux.test13p3p/mm/page_alloc.c Mon Dec 18 06:53:45 2000
+++ linux.test13p3/mm/page_alloc.c Thu Dec 21 16:56:38 2000
@@ -317,11 +317,12 @@
/*
* If we are about to get low on free pages and cleaning
* the inactive_dirty pages would fix the situation,
- * wake up bdflush.
+ * wake up kswapd here as well, so page_launder can start
+ * sending things to disk.
*/
else if (free_shortage() && nr_inactive_dirty_pages > free_shortage()
&& nr_inactive_dirty_pages >= freepages.high)
- wakeup_bdflush(0);
+ wakeup_kswapd(0);

try_again:
/*
diff -urN linux.test13p3p/mm/vmscan.c linux-test12/mm/vmscan.c
--- linux.test13p3p/mm/vmscan.c Tue Dec 19 05:07:57 2000
+++ linux.test13p3/mm/vmscan.c Thu Dec 21 17:32:57 2000
@@ -678,7 +678,6 @@

/* The page was only in the buffer cache. */
} else if (!page->mapping) {
- atomic_dec(&buffermem_pages);
freed_page = 1;
cleaned_pages++;

@@ -739,9 +738,6 @@
* free anything yet, we wait synchronously on the writeout of
* MAX_SYNC_LAUNDER pages.
*
- * We also wake up bdflush, since bdflush should, under most
- * loads, flush out the dirty pages before we have to wait on
- * IO.
*/
if (can_get_io_locks && !launder_loop && free_shortage()) {
launder_loop = 1;
@@ -750,8 +746,6 @@
sync = 0;
/* We only do a few "out of order" flushes. */
maxlaunder = MAX_LAUNDER;
- /* Kflushd takes care of the rest. */
- wakeup_bdflush(0);
goto dirty_page_rescan;
}

-
To unsubscribe from this list: send the line "unsubscribe linux-kernel" in
the body of a message to majordomo@vger.kernel.org
Please read the FAQ at http://www.tux.org/lkml/

\
 
 \ /
  Last update: 2005-03-22 12:52    [W:0.104 / U:0.980 seconds]
©2003-2018 Jasper Spaans|hosted at Digital Ocean and TransIP|Read the blog|Advertise on this site