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Subject[patch-2.4.0-test12-pre3] microcode update for P4 (fwd)
Second attempt. The linux-kernel list is broken at the moment (reported
fault to postmaster already) so some messages get lost at random:


---------- Forwarded message ----------
Date: Sat, 2 Dec 2000 21:49:21 +0000 (GMT)
From: Tigran Aivazian <tigran@veritas.com>
To: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@transmeta.com>
Cc: linux-kernel@vger.kernel.org

diff -urN -X dontdiff linux/CREDITS ucode/CREDITS
--- linux/CREDITS Fri Dec 1 15:44:03 2000
+++ ucode/CREDITS Fri Dec 1 15:47:23 2000
@@ -41,7 +41,7 @@
E: tigran@veritas.com
W: http://www.ocston.org/~tigran
D: BFS filesystem
-D: Intel P6 CPU microcode update support
+D: Intel IA32 CPU microcode update support
D: Various kernel patches
S: United Kingdom

diff -urN -X dontdiff linux/Documentation/Changes ucode/Documentation/Changes
--- linux/Documentation/Changes Thu Oct 26 21:49:15 2000
+++ ucode/Documentation/Changes Fri Dec 1 15:47:23 2000
@@ -185,10 +185,10 @@
kernel source. Pay attention when you recompile your kernel ;-).
Also, be sure to upgrade to the latest pcmcia-cs release.

-Intel P6 microcode
-------------------
+Intel IA32 microcode
+--------------------

-A driver has been added to allow updating of Intel P6 microcode,
+A driver has been added to allow updating of Intel IA32 microcode,
accessible as both a devfs regular file and as a normal (misc)
character device. If you are not using devfs you may need to:

@@ -198,6 +198,13 @@

as root before you can use this. You'll probably also want to
get the user-space microcode_ctl utility to use with this.
+
+If you have compiled the driver as a module you may need to add
+the following line:
+
+alias char-major-10-184 microcode
+
+to your /etc/modules.conf file.

Networking
==========
diff -urN -X dontdiff linux/Documentation/Configure.help ucode/Documentation/Configure.help
--- linux/Documentation/Configure.help Fri Dec 1 15:44:03 2000
+++ ucode/Documentation/Configure.help Fri Dec 1 15:47:23 2000
@@ -13427,13 +13427,13 @@
Toshiba Linux utilities website at:
http://www.buzzard.org.uk/toshiba/

-/dev/cpu/microcode - Intel P6 CPU microcode support
+/dev/cpu/microcode - Intel IA32 CPU microcode support
CONFIG_MICROCODE
If you say Y here and also to "/dev file system support" in the
'File systems' section, you will be able to update the microcode on
- Intel processors in the P6 family, e.g. Pentium Pro, Pentium II,
- Pentium III, Xeon etc. You will obviously need the actual microcode
- binary data itself which is not shipped with the Linux kernel.
+ Intel processors in the IA32 family, e.g. Pentium Pro, Pentium II,
+ Pentium III, Pentium 4, Xeon etc. You will obviously need the actual
+ microcode binary data itself which is not shipped with the Linux kernel.

For latest news and information on obtaining all the required
ingredients for this driver, check:
@@ -13442,7 +13442,9 @@
This driver is also available as a module ( = code which can be
inserted in and removed from the running kernel whenever you want).
The module will be called microcode.o. If you want to compile it as
- a module, say M here and read Documentation/modules.txt.
+ a module, say M here and read Documentation/modules.txt. If you use
+ modprobe or kmod you may also want to add the line
+ 'alias char-major-10-184 microcode' to your /etc/modules.conf file.

/dev/cpu/*/msr - Model-specific register support
CONFIG_X86_MSR
diff -urN -X dontdiff linux/Documentation/ioctl-number.txt ucode/Documentation/ioctl-number.txt
--- linux/Documentation/ioctl-number.txt Mon Jun 19 20:56:07 2000
+++ ucode/Documentation/ioctl-number.txt Fri Dec 1 15:47:23 2000
@@ -74,8 +74,8 @@
0x22 all scsi/sg.h
'1' 00-1F <linux/timepps.h> PPS kit from Ulrich Windl
<ftp://ftp.de.kernel.org/pub/linux/daemons/ntp/PPS/>
-'6' 00-10 <asm-i386/processor.h> Intel P6 microcode update driver
- <tigran@veritas.com>
+'6' 00-10 <asm-i386/processor.h> Intel IA32 microcode update driver
+ <mailto:tigran@veritas.com>
'8' all SNP8023 advanced NIC card
<mailto:mcr@solidum.com>
'A' 00-1F linux/apm_bios.h
diff -urN -X dontdiff linux/MAINTAINERS ucode/MAINTAINERS
--- linux/MAINTAINERS Fri Dec 1 15:44:04 2000
+++ ucode/MAINTAINERS Fri Dec 1 15:47:23 2000
@@ -633,7 +633,7 @@
W: http://sourceforge.net/projects/gkernel/
S: Maintained

-INTEL P6 MICROCODE UPDATE SUPPORT
+INTEL IA32 MICROCODE UPDATE SUPPORT
P: Tigran Aivazian
M: tigran@veritas.com
S: Maintained
diff -urN -X dontdiff linux/arch/i386/kernel/microcode.c ucode/arch/i386/kernel/microcode.c
--- linux/arch/i386/kernel/microcode.c Mon Oct 30 22:44:29 2000
+++ ucode/arch/i386/kernel/microcode.c Sat Dec 2 20:46:49 2000
@@ -4,13 +4,13 @@
* Copyright (C) 2000 Tigran Aivazian
*
* This driver allows to upgrade microcode on Intel processors
- * belonging to P6 family - PentiumPro, Pentium II,
- * Pentium III, Xeon etc.
+ * belonging to IA-32 family - PentiumPro, Pentium II,
+ * Pentium III, Xeon, Pentium 4, etc.
*
- * Reference: Section 8.10 of Volume III, Intel Pentium III Manual,
- * Order Number 243192 or free download from:
+ * Reference: Section 8.10 of Volume III, Intel Pentium 4 Manual,
+ * Order Number 245472 or free download from:
*
- * http://developer.intel.com/design/pentiumii/manuals/243192.htm
+ * http://developer.intel.com/design/pentium4/manuals/245472.htm
*
* For more information, go to http://www.urbanmyth.org/microcode
*
@@ -44,6 +44,9 @@
* to be 0 on my machine which is why it worked even when I
* disabled update by the BIOS)
* Thanks to Eric W. Biederman <ebiederman@lnxi.com> for the fix.
+ * 1.08 01 Dec 2000, Richard Schaal <richard.schaal@intel.com> and
+ * Tigran Aivazian <tigran@veritas.com>
+ * Intel P4 processor support.
*/

#include <linux/init.h>
@@ -58,12 +61,20 @@
#include <asm/uaccess.h>
#include <asm/processor.h>

-#define MICROCODE_VERSION "1.07"
+#define MICROCODE_VERSION "1.08"

-MODULE_DESCRIPTION("Intel CPU (P6) microcode update driver");
+MODULE_DESCRIPTION("Intel CPU (IA-32) microcode update driver");
MODULE_AUTHOR("Tigran Aivazian <tigran@veritas.com>");
EXPORT_NO_SYMBOLS;

+#define MICRO_DEBUG 0
+
+#if MICRO_DEBUG
+#define Dprintk(x...) printk(##x)
+#else
+#define Dprintk(x...)
+#endif
+
/* VFS interface */
static int microcode_open(struct inode *, struct file *);
static ssize_t microcode_read(struct file *, char *, size_t, loff_t *);
@@ -99,23 +110,27 @@

static int __init microcode_init(void)
{
- int error = 0;
+ int error;

- if (misc_register(&microcode_dev) < 0) {
+ error = misc_register(&microcode_dev);
+ if (error)
printk(KERN_WARNING
"microcode: can't misc_register on minor=%d\n",
MICROCODE_MINOR);
- error = 1;
- }
+
devfs_handle = devfs_register(NULL, "cpu/microcode",
DEVFS_FL_DEFAULT, 0, 0, S_IFREG | S_IRUSR | S_IWUSR,
&microcode_fops, NULL);
if (devfs_handle == NULL && error) {
printk(KERN_ERR "microcode: failed to devfs_register()\n");
- return -EINVAL;
+ goto out;
}
- printk(KERN_INFO "P6 Microcode Update Driver v%s\n", MICROCODE_VERSION);
- return 0;
+ printk(KERN_INFO
+ "IA-32 Microcode Update Driver: v%s <tigran@veritas.com>\n",
+ MICROCODE_VERSION);
+
+out:
+ return error;
}

static void __exit microcode_exit(void)
@@ -124,12 +139,12 @@
devfs_unregister(devfs_handle);
if (mc_applied)
kfree(mc_applied);
- printk(KERN_INFO "P6 Microcode Update Driver v%s unregistered\n",
+ printk(KERN_INFO "IA-32 Microcode Update Driver v%s unregistered\n",
MICROCODE_VERSION);
}

-module_init(microcode_init);
-module_exit(microcode_exit);
+module_init(microcode_init)
+module_exit(microcode_exit)

static int microcode_open(struct inode *unused1, struct file *unused2)
{
@@ -177,16 +192,17 @@

req->err = 1; /* assume the worst */

- if (c->x86_vendor != X86_VENDOR_INTEL || c->x86 != 6){
- printk(KERN_ERR "microcode: CPU%d not an Intel P6\n", cpu_num);
+ if (c->x86_vendor != X86_VENDOR_INTEL || c->x86 < 6 ||
+ test_bit(X86_FEATURE_IA64, &c->x86_capability)){
+ printk(KERN_ERR "microcode: CPU%d not a capable Intel processor\n", cpu_num);
return;
}

sig = c->x86_mask + (c->x86_model<<4) + (c->x86<<8);

- if (c->x86_model >= 5) {
- /* get processor flags from BBL_CR_OVRD MSR (0x17) */
- rdmsr(0x17, val[0], val[1]);
+ if ((c->x86_model >= 5) || (c->x86 > 6)) {
+ /* get processor flags from MSR 0x17 */
+ rdmsr(MSR_IA32_PLATFORM_ID, val[0], val[1]);
pf = 1 << ((val[1] >> 18) & 7);
}

@@ -195,9 +211,28 @@
microcode[i].ldrver == 1 && microcode[i].hdrver == 1) {

found=1;
- wrmsr(0x8B, 0, 0);
+
+ Dprintk("Microcode\n");
+ Dprintk(" Header Revision %d\n",microcode[i].hdrver);
+ Dprintk(" Date %x/%x/%x\n",
+ ((microcode[i].date >> 24 ) & 0xff),
+ ((microcode[i].date >> 16 ) & 0xff),
+ (microcode[i].date & 0xFFFF));
+ Dprintk(" Type %x Family %x Model %x Stepping %x\n",
+ ((microcode[i].sig >> 12) & 0x3),
+ ((microcode[i].sig >> 8) & 0xf),
+ ((microcode[i].sig >> 4) & 0xf),
+ ((microcode[i].sig & 0xf)));
+ Dprintk(" Checksum %x\n",microcode[i].cksum);
+ Dprintk(" Loader Revision %x\n",microcode[i].ldrver);
+ Dprintk(" Processor Flags %x\n\n",microcode[i].pf);
+
+ /* trick, to work even if there was no prior update by the BIOS */
+ wrmsr(MSR_IA32_UCODE_REV, 0, 0);
__asm__ __volatile__ ("cpuid" : : : "ax", "bx", "cx", "dx");
- rdmsr(0x8B, val[0], rev);
+
+ /* get current (on-cpu) revision into rev (ignore val[0]) */
+ rdmsr(MSR_IA32_UCODE_REV, val[0], rev);
if (microcode[i].rev < rev) {
printk(KERN_ERR
"microcode: CPU%d not 'upgrading' to earlier revision"
@@ -219,9 +254,14 @@
break;
}

- wrmsr(0x79, (unsigned int)(m->bits), 0);
+ /* write microcode via MSR 0x79 */
+ wrmsr(MSR_IA32_UCODE_WRITE, (unsigned int)(m->bits), 0);
+
+ /* serialize */
__asm__ __volatile__ ("cpuid" : : : "ax", "bx", "cx", "dx");
- rdmsr(0x8B, val[0], val[1]);
+
+ /* get the current revision from MSR 0x8B */
+ rdmsr(MSR_IA32_UCODE_REV, val[0], val[1]);

req->err = 0;
req->slot = i;
@@ -267,8 +307,8 @@
mc_applied = kmalloc(smp_num_cpus*sizeof(struct microcode),
GFP_KERNEL);
if (!mc_applied) {
- printk(KERN_ERR "microcode: out of memory for saved microcode\n");
up_write(&microcode_rwsem);
+ printk(KERN_ERR "microcode: out of memory for saved microcode\n");
return -ENOMEM;
}
}
diff -urN -X dontdiff linux/include/asm-i386/msr.h ucode/include/asm-i386/msr.h
--- linux/include/asm-i386/msr.h Thu Oct 7 18:17:09 1999
+++ ucode/include/asm-i386/msr.h Sat Dec 2 20:18:07 2000
@@ -30,3 +30,7 @@
: "=a" (low), "=d" (high) \
: "c" (counter))

+/* symbolic names for some interesting MSRs */
+#define MSR_IA32_PLATFORM_ID 0x17
+#define MSR_IA32_UCODE_WRITE 0x79
+#define MSR_IA32_UCODE_REV 0x8B
diff -urN -X dontdiff linux/include/asm-i386/processor.h ucode/include/asm-i386/processor.h
--- linux/include/asm-i386/processor.h Sun Nov 19 04:56:59 2000
+++ ucode/include/asm-i386/processor.h Fri Dec 1 15:50:01 2000
@@ -464,7 +464,8 @@
unsigned int bits[500];
};

-#define MICROCODE_IOCFREE _IO('6',0) /* because it is for P6 */
+/* '6' because it used to be for P6 only (but now covers P4 as well) */
+#define MICROCODE_IOCFREE _IO('6',0)

/* REP NOP (PAUSE) is a good thing to insert into busy-wait loops. */
extern inline void rep_nop(void)

-
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