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SubjectRe: ip_defrag / ip_conntrack issues (was Re: [PATCH] Fix netfilter locking)
Harald Welte wrote:
>
> On Mon, Dec 18, 2000 at 10:11:14AM -0800, David S. Miller wrote:
> > From: Rusty Russell <rusty@linuxcare.com.au>
> > Date: Mon, 18 Dec 2000 14:15:52 +1100
> >
> > Alexey is right, locking is screwed (explains some reports of
> > occasional failure during rmmod).
> >
> > Patch applied, thank you.
> >
> > I have a patch which compiles for non-linear skb mods to netfilter
> > (NAT uses linear packets still, but connection tracking and packet
> > filtering only linearize minimal requirements). Waiting for
> > DaveM's solution to ip_ct_gather_frags()...
> >
> > I feel it's best to just skb_clone() the skb arg to ip_defrag
> > and this will close the whole thing, I think.
>
> no. The clone()d skb will still have a skb->dev pointing to NULL.
>
> The problem occurs only for locally-generated outgoing packets, which
> need to be fragmented:
>
> - ip_build_xmit() discoveres it has to fragment
> - ip_build_xmit_slow() generates fragments and calls
> - NF_HOOK() for NF_IP_LOCAL_OUT
> - ip_conntrack_local() is called, which in turn calls
> - ip_conntrack_in(), which calls
> - ip_ct_gather_frags(), which calls
> - ip_defrag(), which calls
>
> [now we have two possible oops - caues]
>
> a ip_find(), which calls
> a ip_frag_create(), which initialises a timer with the function
> a ip_expire(), which dereferences qp->iif
>
> b ip_frag_queue(), which dereferences it in qp->iif= skb->dev->ifindex
>
> as andi kleen pointed out:
>
> > > Also is it sure that the backtrace involves ip_rcv ? A more likely
> > > guess is that it happens during the IP_LOCAL_OUT hook, when skb->dev
> > > isn't set yet, but conntrack already has to already reassemble fragments.
>
>
> > Actually, I do not understand how current code could even have worked
> > in the past. Once the SKB is passed to ip_defrag, it is nobody's
> > buisness to reference that SKB anymore. This ip_defrag call is (from
>
> mmh... we really don't do this. We use the return value of ip_defrag(),
> which is what ip_frag_reasm() returns (== the new datagram consisting
> out of all its fragments).
>
> > Alexey, what have I missed? I don't like the ip_fragment.c proposed
> > fix for this reason, what netfilter is doing with ip_defrag here looks
> > just wrong.
>
> Well, my conclusion is:
>
> - the defragmentation code in the ipv4 stack assumes that skb->dev points
> to a valid device. It does this primaryly to send icmp reassembly errors
> if a fragment reassembly timeout occurs
>
> - netfilter wants to use the ip_defrag for defragmentation, not only for
> incoming packets from the network at NF_IP_PRE_ROUTING, but also for
> locally-generated fragmented packets (at NF_IP_LOCAL_OUT). Unfortunately
> we don't have a valid skb->dev at this point.
>
> I don't think that there is any skb_clone()ing needed, nor this would solve
> the problem. The solution is
>
> a) netfilter conntrack (more exactly: ip_ct_gather_frags) sets skb->dev to
> something valid (skb->dst->dev). Dirty hack.
>
> b) make ip_defrag(), ... aware of the case where skb->dev == NULL. Sounds
> like a good idea, since it is only one if(skb->dev) clause.
>
> c) netfilter stops using ip_defrag() for this case. Bad idea, it had to
> reinvent the wheel :(
>
> - Harald Welte / laforge@gnumonks.org http://www.gnumonks.org

I'm now testing this small patch based on your suggestion b). I have
netfilter running, nfs mounts are behaving well, and fragmented pings dont
kill the box. I made no attempt to resolve anything but the derefernce of a
netdevice *dev.= NULL

The patch only deals with the ip_defrag_queue path. I have not seen the
alternate one happen. It's only been up an hour, I'll put some more time on
it.

Cheers,
Tom

--- linux/net/ipv4/ip_fragment.c~ Tue Dec 12 06:56:29 2000
+++ linux/net/ipv4/ip_fragment.c Tue Dec 19 07:29:53 2000
@@ -485,7 +485,8 @@
else
qp->fragments = skb;

- qp->iif = skb->dev->ifindex;
+ if (skb->dev)
+ qp->iif = skb->dev->ifindex;
skb->dev = NULL;
qp->meat += skb->len;
atomic_add(skb->truesize, &ip_frag_mem);
-
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