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SubjectRe: how to get IP address of current machine from C++ code?
Christopher Friesen wrote:

> I would like to get the IP address of one of the interfaces of the
> machine that I'm currently on from within some C++ code. It looks like
> I should be able to do this by doing an
>
> ioctl(atoi(fd, SIOCGIFADDR, &ifr)
>
> with the interface name set in the appropriate field in ifr, but I'm not
> sure how I should be getting the proper value for fd. I would
> appreciate some help on this, or if there is a better way then I'd love
> to hear it.

This isn't c++, it's plain c, but it's easy to grok. Called as: gi
[interface]

-d

--
"The difference between 'involvement' and 'commitment' is like an
eggs-and-ham breakfast: the chicken was 'involved' - the pig was
'committed'."


/*
* short hack to grab interface information
* gcc -o gi gi.c; strip gi
*
* Blu3, Jan 1999
*/

#include <sys/types.h>
#include <sys/socket.h>
#include <arpa/inet.h>
#include <net/if.h>
#include <netinet/in.h>
#include <stdio.h>
#include <stdlib.h>
#include <string.h>

#define SIOCGIFCONF 0x8912 /* get iface list */

int main(int argc, char *argv[])
{
int numreqs = 30, sd, n, search, tick, found=0;
struct ifconf ifc;
struct ifreq *ifr;
struct in_addr *ia;

//
// if there is an arg on the command line, print out the ip of that device
// only. note the numreqs in the above, modify that as is desired.

search= (argc>1);
if(search && strlen(argv[1]) > 64) {
fprintf(stderr, "specified device name too large, ignoring\n");
search=0;
}

sd=socket(AF_INET, SOCK_STREAM, 0);
ifc.ifc_buf = NULL;
ifc.ifc_len = sizeof(struct ifreq) * numreqs;
ifc.ifc_buf = realloc(ifc.ifc_buf, ifc.ifc_len);
if (ioctl(sd, SIOCGIFCONF, &ifc) < 0) {
perror("SIOCGIFCONF");
}

ifr = ifc.ifc_req;
for (n = 0; n < ifc.ifc_len; n += sizeof(struct ifreq)) {
ia= (struct in_addr *) ((ifr->ifr_ifru.ifru_addr.sa_data)+2);
if(search)
tick= strcmp(ifr->ifr_ifrn.ifrn_name, argv[1]);

if(!search)
fprintf(stdout, "%6s %-15s\n", ifr->ifr_ifrn.ifrn_name, inet_ntoa(*ia));

if (search && (tick==0)) {
fprintf(stdout, "%s\n", inet_ntoa(*ia));
found=1;
}
ifr++;
}

free(ifc.ifc_buf);
fprintf(stderr, "exiting with %i\n", found);
exit(found);
}
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