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SubjectRe: [PATCH] Reserved root VM + OOM killer

On Thu, 23 Nov 2000, Pavel Machek wrote:

> > HOW?
> > No performance loss, RAM is always fully utilized (except if no swap),
>
> Handheld machines never have any swap, and alwys have little RAM [trust me,
> velo1 I'm writing this on is so tuned that 100KB les and machine is useless].
> Unless reservation can be turned off, it is not acceptable. Okay, it can
> be tuned. Ok, then.
>
> [What about making default reserved space 10% of *swap* size?]

No. Many people uses no swap even if they have plenty of RAM. I wasn't
right when I wrote the "reserved" VM is on swap or in buffer/page
cache. I wanted to write the reserved VM is unused swap and/or it is
*used* as buffer/page cache until it's not needed by root. Left away
swap from the former sentence and you get no RAM is wasted at all ;)

Moreover the default value for boxes with less than 8MB is 0 pages (I
thought about "embedded" systems), it's 5 MB if the box has more then
100MB and 5% of the RAM but after considered it as part of the VM
between 8MB and 100MB. I found in my setup, at least 4 MB needed to be
useful if root wants to act sure. Of course this can be different in
other setups and application behaviours -- this is why it can be tuned
runtime. Using more "reserved" [this is really a stupid and not
accurate name] VM definitely helps :) BTW, apparently Solaris reserves
4 MB for root.

I also thought about making it a compile time option [for people using
Linux as embedded systmes] in that case you would have less than 25%
chance to save one page -- I would instead optimize the compiler ;)
.... but maybe embedded systems use non-overcomittable memory
handling, I didn't look how they handle OOM.

I'm afraid I was also wrong about performance, here is a typical case
how standard 2.2 kernel works if OOM happens: killing gpm, vmstat,
syslogd, tail, httpd, zsh, identd, httpd, klogd, httpd, httpd, httpd
[the main httpd, web is dead], bad_app. If there is more bad_app
[working on the same problem but e.g. they were feeded by wrong input,
etc], then you have the big chance you must hit the reset button. With
Rik's OOM killer, the "right" processes are killed but I found the
system trashes too long and because of the constant memory pressure
you still must hit the reset button. With my patch + fixes of Rik's
OOM killer, the "right" processes are killed fast [it's done only in
page fault, contrary to 2.4.0-test11 that has two OOM killer: one in
page fault and Rik's one ... pretty ugly] and you can do whatever you
want as root. It would be nice to see which one of the three cases
would finish a job first where multiply processes [not threads] work
on the same job saving the partial results and constantly producing
OOM.

Szaka

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