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SubjectRE: 3-order allocation failed
Date
Hi,

> From: Pasi Kärkkäinen [mailto:pk@edu.joroinen.fi]
>
> On Thu, 26 Oct 2000, Rik van Riel wrote:
>
> > On Thu, 26 Oct 2000, Forever shall I be. wrote:
> > > On Thu, Oct 26, 2000 at 02:57:30PM +0300, Pasi Kärkkäinen wrote:
> >
> > > > __alloc_pages: 2-order allocation failed.
> > > > __alloc_pages: 2-order allocation failed.
> > > > __alloc_pages: 5-order allocation failed.
> > > > __alloc_pages: 4-order allocation failed.
> > > > __alloc_pages: 3-order allocation failed.
> > > > __alloc_pages: 2-order allocation failed.
> > > > __alloc_pages: 5-order allocation failed.
> > > >
> > > > Any ideas?
> > >
> > > I'm getting __alloc_pages: 7-order allocation failed.
> > > all the time in 2.4.0-test9 on my "pIII (Katmai)".. kernel's
> > > compiled with 2.95.2 + bounds, without -fbounds-checking
~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
Are there many places in the kernel that
do that (alloc 2^8 = 256 pages) .. after init?
Do you know where/what it is? Sound driver maybe?

> > It means something in the system is trying to allocate a
> > large continuous area of memory that isn't available...
> >
> > The printk is basically a debug output indicating that we
> > don't have the large physically contiguous area available
> > that's being requested.
> >
> > Basically everything bigger than order-1 (2 contiguous
> > pages) is unreliable at runtime. Orders 2 and 3 should
> > usually be available (if you only allocate very few of
> > them) and higher orders should not be relied upon.
> >
> > If somebody is seeing a lot of these messages, it means
> > that some driver in the system is asking unreasonable
> > things from the VM subsystem ;)
> >
> > (and buffer allocations are failing)
> >
>
> I got those order-x messages when I was running a script, that looked
> something like this:
>
> streamer -s 320x240 -o webcam.jpg
> sleep 5
>
> It worked fine for about 20 minutes, and after I started to get those
> messages and the camera didn't work anymore.
>
> Solution: I'm now using a program, that is "using the camera all the
> time" and it just saves the frames with 5 seconds delay.
~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
Makes sense. Good, practical workaround solution.

I looked thru cpia_usb_open() and everything that it
calls or causes in your scenario, and the only
order-2 allocation that I see is in cpia_usb_open().

If order-1 allocs are much better than order-2 allocs,
like Rik said, then you could change
drivers/media/video/cpia_usb.c line 41 (in 2.4.0-test10)
to be: #define FRAMES_PER_DESC 8
instead of 10. That would make the kmalloc()'s in
cpia_usb_open() be order-1 instead of order-2.
All of the other kmalloc()s in the USB subsystem in this
scenarios are already small (less than 1 page).
Please let me/us know how this works if you try it.


> The script I was running previously used streamer, that
> initializes and
> opens the v4l-device everytime I run it.
>
> Is this bug in the usb-driver (usb-uhci), in the camera's driver
> (cpia_usb) or in the v4l?
~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
Could there be a memory leak as well? But I expect that
it's simply that memory is just fragmented so that enough
contiguous pages aren't available, like Rik said.

~Randy

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