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    SubjectRe: Capabilities under Linux
    On Tue, 20 Apr 1999, Horst von Brand wrote:
    > Y2K <> said:
    > > The current elf_header solution does not grant *any* privledges just is
    > > used to revoke them. elf_headers should never be used to grant privledges
    > > that we can agree on.
    > How can it be of any use then? You _still_ have an omnipotent root account
    > that can be broken into, or whose processes can be hijacked? Capabilities
    > aren't about "taking away", they are abount granting specific rights.
    You may still have a tiny bit more powerful root for awhile, that is
    controled by the securebits. Right now it appears to me to be a global. I
    am hashing around some ideas about making it a per-process thingie. Right
    now the patch I have out there(heavily based on pavel's) uses elf_header
    to *only* reduce. Right now there is only *one* way to gain caps a
    suid-root binary if securebits is set in backwards-compatible mode
    {issecure(SECURE_NOROOT) is false} besides what init is initialy granted.
    With the elf_headers you can cause this compatible behavior to be less
    empowering-- I think it complements the legacy behavior quite well.
    This is needed for backwards compatibility. Also with my patch you can
    have root running processes that don't regain a bunch of caps in the
    children when you exec as the current one seems to. It corrects other
    things I saw as defects. Please do take a look at the patch and crititize
    and bitch about it. I think that suid-root for legacy and later ext3
    attributes should be the only ways to raise capabilities.
    root should always be special at least for legacy purposes. We can at
    least weaken it a lot.
    Right now root is no longer omnipotent.
    A *huge* read big problem though is that the *only* legacy way to lose
    caps through syscalls is to lose both ruid being 0 and euid being 0 . So
    if you aren't either it is hard for you to lose caps through legacy ways.
    And legacy apps might not even know that they have them.
    Those are the hard problems IMHO.
    So any way we can add to lose caps the better.
    > OK, if the status of the "capabilities in ELF" suggestion is that it only
    > takes away rights, the case is definitely closed for me.
    Yes it only removes. I just need to add ECF_DISEMPOWER_ROOT so that suid
    root doesn't add its legacy empowerment even in compatibility mode if
    thats unwanted. Hopefully I'll have that later tommorow.

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