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SubjectRe: [PATCH] kanoj-mm17-2.3.21 kswapd vma scanning protection


On Fri, 15 Oct 1999, Kanoj Sarcar wrote:
>
> The reason I am not very keen on this solution either is if you
> consider process A holding vmlist_access_lock of B, going into swapout(),
> where it tries to get a (sleeping) driver lock. Meanwhile, process B
> has the driver lock, and is trying to grab the vmlist_update_lock on
> itself, ie B, maybe to add/delete the vma. I do not think there is
> such a driver currently though.

I am convinced that all these games are unnecessary, and that the problem
is fundamentally different. Not fixing up the current code, but just
looking at the problem differently - making the deadlock go away by virtue
of avoiding the critical regions.

I think the suggestion to change the semantics of "swapout" is a good one.
Now we have the mm layer passing down the vma to the IO layer, and hat
makes everything more complex. I would certainly agree with just changing
that semantic detail, and changing swapout to something like

.. hold a spinlock - we can probably just reuse the
page_table_lock for this to avoid multiple levels of locking
here..

file = fget(vma->vm_file);
offset = file->f_offset + (address - vma->vm_start);
flush_tlb_page(vma, address);
spin_unlock(&vma->vm_mm->page_table_lock);

error = file->f_ops->swapout(file, offset, page);
fput(file);

...

and then the other requirement would be that whenever the vma chain is
physically modified, you also have to hold the page_table_lock.

And finally, we rename the "page_table_lock" to the "page_stealer_lock",
and we're all done.

Does anybody see anything fundamentally wrong here? It looks like it
should fix the problem without introducing any new locks, and without
holding any locks across the actual physical swapout activity.

Linus


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