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    SubjectRe: unusual startup messages

    On Thu, 31 Oct 1996, Mark H. Wood wrote:
    > [Regarding crypto code in the kernel for IPsec]
    > [Rustling noise, as of Nomex jumpsuit being donned]
    > Okay, why is the network inside the kernel anyway?

    Because it can't be done anywhere else..

    Yes, you can do it in user space, but your performance will suck unless you
    ignore security issues or have special hardware (and the special hardware
    would essentially have to do 90% of the stuff we do in kernel space now: I'm
    talking _really_ special hardware).

    It's been talked about (favourite thing in microkernels is to move critical
    resources to places they don't belong ;), but I doubt _anybody_ seriously
    thinks that it can be done in user space while keeping up with things like
    HIPPI and having full memory protection.

    Oh, and the big problem isn't throughput: you can essentially get throughput
    by having large buffers (modulo the problems with maxing out your memory
    bandwidth which in itself is a large problem). The _big_ problem is latency.

    In short, forget about networking in user space unless you're talking >10ms
    latencies and <10Mbps throughput. 10Mbps ethernet may still be realistic in
    user space. Just. But the world is moving to 100Mbps and beyond.


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