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SubjectRe: [PATCH v3 15/20] kvm: arm/arm64: Allow tuning the physical address size for VM
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On 09/07/18 12:23, Dave Martin wrote:
> On Fri, Jul 06, 2018 at 05:39:00PM +0100, Suzuki K Poulose wrote:
>> On 07/06/2018 04:09 PM, Marc Zyngier wrote:
>>> On 06/07/18 14:49, Suzuki K Poulose wrote:
>>>> On 04/07/18 23:03, Suzuki K Poulose wrote:
>>>>> On 07/04/2018 04:51 PM, Will Deacon wrote:
>>>>>> Hi Suzuki,
>>>>>>
>>>>>> On Fri, Jun 29, 2018 at 12:15:35PM +0100, Suzuki K Poulose wrote:
>>>>>>> Allow specifying the physical address size for a new VM via
>>>>>>> the kvm_type argument for KVM_CREATE_VM ioctl. This allows
>>>>>>> us to finalise the stage2 page table format as early as possible
>>>>>>> and hence perform the right checks on the memory slots without
>>>>>>> complication. The size is encoded as Log2(PA_Size) in the bits[7:0]
>>>>>>> of the type field and can encode more information in the future if
>>>>>>> required. The IPA size is still capped at 40bits.
>>>>>>>
>>>>>>> Cc: Marc Zyngier <marc.zyngier@arm.com>
>>>>>>> Cc: Christoffer Dall <cdall@kernel.org>
>>>>>>> Cc: Peter Maydel <peter.maydell@linaro.org>
>>>>>>> Cc: Paolo Bonzini <pbonzini@redhat.com>
>>>>>>> Cc: Radim Krčmář <rkrcmar@redhat.com>
>>>>>>> Signed-off-by: Suzuki K Poulose <suzuki.poulose@arm.com>
>>>>>>> ---
>>>>>>>   arch/arm/include/asm/kvm_mmu.h   |  2 ++
>>>>>>>   arch/arm64/include/asm/kvm_arm.h | 10 +++-------
>>>>>>>   arch/arm64/include/asm/kvm_mmu.h |  2 ++
>>>>>>>   include/uapi/linux/kvm.h         | 10 ++++++++++
>>>>>>>   virt/kvm/arm/arm.c               | 24 ++++++++++++++++++++++--
>>>>>>>   5 files changed, 39 insertions(+), 9 deletions(-)
>>>>>>
>>>>>> [...]
>>>>>>
>>>>>>> diff --git a/include/uapi/linux/kvm.h b/include/uapi/linux/kvm.h
>>>>>>> index 4df9bb6..fa4cab0 100644
>>>>>>> --- a/include/uapi/linux/kvm.h
>>>>>>> +++ b/include/uapi/linux/kvm.h
>>>>>>> @@ -751,6 +751,16 @@ struct kvm_ppc_resize_hpt {
>>>>>>>   #define KVM_S390_SIE_PAGE_OFFSET 1
>>>>>>>   /*
>>>>>>> + * On arm/arm64, machine type can be used to request the physical
>>>>>>> + * address size for the VM. Bits [7-0] have been reserved for the
>>>>>>> + * PA size shift (i.e, log2(PA_Size)). For backward compatibility,
>>>>>>> + * value 0 implies the default IPA size, which is 40bits.
>>>>>>> + */
>>>>>>> +#define KVM_VM_TYPE_ARM_PHYS_SHIFT_MASK    0xff
>>>>>>> +#define KVM_VM_TYPE_ARM_PHYS_SHIFT(x)        \
>>>>>>> +    ((x) & KVM_VM_TYPE_ARM_PHYS_SHIFT_MASK)
>>>>>>
>>>>>> This seems like you're allocating quite a lot of bits in a non-extensible
>>>>>> interface to a fairly esoteric parameter. Would it be better to add another
>>>>>> ioctl, or condense the number of sizes you support instead?
>>>>>
>>>>> As I explained in the other thread, we need the size as soon as the VM
>>>>> is created. The major challenge is keeping the backward compatibility by
>>>>> mapping 0 to 40bits. I will give it a thought.
>>>>
>>>> Here is one option. We could re-use the {V}TCR_ELx.{I}PS field format, which
>>>> occupies 3 bits and has the following definitions. (ID_AA64MMFR0_EL1:PARange
>>>> also has the field definitions, except that the field is 4bits wide, but
>>>> only 3bits are used)
>>>>
>>>> 000 32 bits, 4GB.
>>>> 001 36 bits, 64GB.
>>>> 010 40 bits, 1TB.
>>>> 011 42 bits, 4TB.
>>>> 100 44 bits, 16TB.
>>>> 101 48 bits, 256TB.
>>>> 110 52 bits, 4PB
>>>>
>>>> But we need to map 0 => 40bits IPA to make our ABI backward compatible. So
>>>> we could use the additional one bit to indicate that IPA size is requested
>>>> in the 3 bits.
>>>>
>>>> i.e,
>>>>
>>>> machine_type:
>>>>
>>>> Bit [2:0] - Requested IPA size. Values follow VTCR_EL2.PS format.
>>>>
>>>> Bit [3] - 1 => IPA Size bits (Bits[2:0]) requested.
>>>> 0 => Not requested
>>>>
>>>> The only minor down side is restricting to the predefined values above,
>>>> which is not a real issue for a VM.
>>>>
>>>> Thoughts ?
>>>
>>> I'd be very wary of using that 4th bit to do something that is not in
>>> the architecture. We have only a single value left to be used (0b111),
>>> and then your scheme clashes with the architecture definition.
>>
>> I agree. However, if we ever go beyond the 3bits in PARange, we have an
>> issue with {V}TCR counter part. But lets not take that chance.
>>
>>>
>>> I'd rather encode things in a way that is independent from the
>>> architecture, and be done with it. You can map 0 to 40bits, and we have
>>> the ability to express all values the architecture has (just in a
>>> different order).
>>
>> The other option I can think of is encoding a signed number which is the
>> difference of the IPA from 40. But that would need 5 bits if we were to
>> encode it as it is. And if we want to squeeze it in 4bit, we could store
>> half the difference (limiting the IPA limit to even numbers).
>>
>> i.e IPA = 40 + 2 * sign_extend(bits[3:0);
>
> I came across similar issues when trying to work out how to enable
> SVE for KVM. In the end I reduced this to a per-vcpu feature, but
> it means that there is no global opt-in for the SVE-specific KVM
> API extensions:
>
> That's a bit gross, because SVE may require a change to the way
> vcpus are initialised. The set of supported SVE vector lengths needs
> to be set somehow before the vcpu is set running, but it's tricky do
> do that without a new ioctl -- which would mean that if SVE is enabled
> for a vcpu then the vcpu is not considered runnable until the new
> magic ioctl is called.
>
> Opting into that semantic change globally at VM creation time might
> be preferable. On the SVE side, this is still very much subject to
> review/change.
>
>
> Here:
>
> The KVM_CREATE_VM init argument seems undefined by the KVM core code and
> is available for arches to abuse in creative ways. x86 and arm have
> nothing here and reject non-zero values with -EINVAL; s390 treats it as
> a bitmask, and defines a sincle feature-like bit here; powerpc treats it
> as an enumeration of VM types.
>
> If we want to be extensible, we could
>
> a) Pass a pointer in type, and come up with some extensible VM parameter
> struct for it to point to (which then wouldn't need a cryptic
> compressed encoding), or
>
> b) Introduce a new "KVM_CREATE_VM2" variant that either takes such
> an argument, or mandates a parameter negotiation phase involving
> additional ioctls before marking the VM as ready for vcpu and
> device creation.
>
> (a) feels like an easy backwards-compatible approach, but cannot be
> readily adopted by other arches (maybe not an issue).
>
> (b) might be considered overengineered, so it would need a bit of
> thought.
>
> Wedging arguments into a few bits in the type argument feels awkward,
> and may be regretted later if we run out of bits, or something can't be
> represented in the chosen encoding.

I think that's a pretty convincing argument for a "better" CREATE_VM,
one that would have a clearly defined, structured (and potentially
extensible) argument.

I've quickly hacked the following:

diff --git a/include/uapi/linux/kvm.h b/include/uapi/linux/kvm.h
index b6270a3b38e9..3e76214034c2 100644
--- a/include/uapi/linux/kvm.h
+++ b/include/uapi/linux/kvm.h
@@ -735,6 +735,20 @@ struct kvm_ppc_resize_hpt {
__u32 pad;
};

+struct kvm_create_vm2 {
+ __u64 version; /* Or maybe not */
+ union {
+ struct {
+#define KVM_ARM_SVE_CAPABLE (1 << 0)
+#define KVM_ARM_SELECT_IPA {1 << 1)
+ __u64 capabilities;
+ __u16 sve_vlen;
+ __u8 ipa_size;
+ } arm64;
+ __u64 dummy[15];
+ };
+};
+
#define KVMIO 0xAE

/* machine type bits, to be used as argument to KVM_CREATE_VM */
Other architectures could fill in their own bits if they need to.

Thoughts?

M.
--
Jazz is not dead. It just smells funny...

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