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SubjectRe: [PATCH v6 10/21] s390: vfio-ap: sysfs interfaces to configure adapters
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On 29/06/2018 23:11, Tony Krowiak wrote:
> Provides the sysfs interfaces for assigning AP adapters to
> and unassigning AP adapters from a mediated matrix device.
>
> The IDs of the AP adapters assigned to the mediated matrix
> device are stored in an AP mask (APM). The bits in the APM,
> from most significant to least significant bit, correspond to
> AP adapter ID (APID) 0 to 255. When an adapter is assigned, the
> bit corresponding the APID will be set in the APM.
> Likewise, when an adapter is unassigned, the bit corresponding
> to the APID will be cleared from the APM.
>
> The relevant sysfs structures are:
>
> /sys/devices/vfio_ap
> ... [matrix]
> ...... [mdev_supported_types]
> ......... [vfio_ap-passthrough]
> ............ [devices]
> ...............[$uuid]
> .................. assign_adapter
> .................. unassign_adapter
>
> To assign an adapter to the $uuid mediated matrix device's APM,
> write the APID to the assign_adapter file. To unassign an adapter,
> write the APID to the unassign_adapter file. The APID is specified
> using conventional semantics: If it begins with 0x the number will
> be parsed as a hexadecimal number; if it begins with a 0 the number
> will be parsed as an octal number; otherwise, it will be parsed as a
> decimal number.
>
> For example, to assign adapter 173 (0xad) to the mediated matrix
> device $uuid:
>
> echo 173 > assign_adapter
>
> or
>
> echo 0xad > assign_adapter
>
> or
>
> echo 0255 > assign_adapter
>
> To unassign adapter 173 (0xad):
>
> echo 173 > unassign_adapter
>
> or
>
> echo 0xad > unassign_adapter
>
> or
>
> echo 0255 > unassign_adapter
>
> The assignment will be rejected:
>
> * If the APID exceeds the maximum value for an AP adapter:
> * If the AP Extended Addressing (APXA) facility is
> installed, the max value is 255
> * Else the max value is 64
>
> * If no AP domains have yet been assigned and there are
> no AP queues bound to the VFIO AP driver that have an APQN
> with an APID matching that of the AP adapter being assigned.
>
> * If any of the APQNs that can be derived from the cross product
> of the APID being assigned and the AP queue index (APQI) of
> each of the AP domains previously assigned can not be matched
> with an APQN of an AP queue device reserved by the VFIO AP
> driver.
>
> Signed-off-by: Tony Krowiak <akrowiak@linux.ibm.com>
> ---
> drivers/s390/crypto/vfio_ap_ops.c | 317 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
> 1 files changed, 317 insertions(+), 0 deletions(-)
>
> diff --git a/drivers/s390/crypto/vfio_ap_ops.c b/drivers/s390/crypto/vfio_ap_ops.c
> index bf7ed9f..a4351bd 100644
> --- a/drivers/s390/crypto/vfio_ap_ops.c
> +++ b/drivers/s390/crypto/vfio_ap_ops.c
> @@ -16,6 +16,7 @@
>
> #define VFOP_AP_MDEV_TYPE_HWVIRT "passthrough"
> #define VFIO_AP_MDEV_NAME_HWVIRT "VFIO AP Passthrough Device"
> +#define KVM_AP_MASK_BYTES(n) DIV_ROUND_UP(n, BITS_PER_BYTE)
>
> DEFINE_SPINLOCK(mdev_list_lock);
> LIST_HEAD(mdev_list);
> @@ -116,9 +117,325 @@ static ssize_t device_api_show(struct kobject *kobj, struct device *dev,
> NULL,
> };
>
> +struct vfio_ap_qid_reserved {
> + ap_qid_t qid;
> + bool reserved;
> +};
> +
> +struct vfio_id_reserved {
> + unsigned long id;
> + bool reserved;
> +};
> +
> +/**
> + * vfio_ap_qid_reserved
> + *
> + * @dev: an AP queue device
> + * @data: a queue ID
> + *
> + * Flags whether any AP queue device has a particular qid
> + *
> + * Returns 0 to indicate the function succeeded
> + */
> +static int vfio_ap_queue_has_qid(struct device *dev, void *data)
> +{
> + struct vfio_ap_qid_reserved *qid_res = data;
> + struct ap_queue *ap_queue = to_ap_queue(dev);
> +
> + if (qid_res->qid == ap_queue->qid)
> + qid_res->reserved = true;
> +
> + return 0;
> +}
> +
> +/**
> + * vfio_ap_queue_has_apid
> + *
> + * @dev: an AP queue device
> + * @data: an AP adapter ID
> + *
> + * Flags whether any AP queue device has a particular AP adapter ID
> + *
> + * Returns 0 to indicate the function succeeded
> + */
> +static int vfio_ap_queue_has_apid(struct device *dev, void *data)
> +{
> + struct vfio_id_reserved *id_res = data;
> + struct ap_queue *ap_queue = to_ap_queue(dev);
> +
> + if (id_res->id == AP_QID_CARD(ap_queue->qid))
> + id_res->reserved = true;
> +
> + return 0;
> +}
> +
> +/**
> + * vfio_ap_verify_qid_reserved
> + *
> + * @matrix_dev: a mediated matrix device
> + * @qid: a qid (i.e., APQN)
> + *
> + * Verifies that the AP queue with @qid is reserved by the VFIO AP device
> + * driver.
> + *
> + * Returns 0 if the AP queue with @qid is reserved; otherwise, returns -ENODEV.
> + */
> +static int vfio_ap_verify_qid_reserved(struct ap_matrix_dev *matrix_dev,
> + ap_qid_t qid)
> +{
> + int ret;
> + struct vfio_ap_qid_reserved qid_res;
> +
> + qid_res.qid = qid;
> + qid_res.reserved = false;
> +
> + ret = driver_for_each_device(matrix_dev->device.driver, NULL, &qid_res,
> + vfio_ap_queue_has_qid);
> + if (ret)
> + return ret;
> +
> + if (qid_res.reserved)
> + return 0;
> +
> + return -EPERM;
> +}
> +
> +/**
> + * vfio_ap_verify_apid_reserved
> + *
> + * @matrix_dev: a mediated matrix device
> + * @apid: an AP adapter ID
> + *
> + * Verifies that an AP queue with @apid is reserved by the VFIO AP device
> + * driver.
> + *
> + * Returns 0 if an AP queue with @apid is reserved; otherwise, returns -ENODEV.
> + */
> +static int vfio_ap_verify_apid_reserved(struct ap_matrix_dev *matrix_dev,
> + const char *mdev_name,
> + unsigned long apid)
> +{
> + int ret;
> + struct vfio_id_reserved id_res;
> +
> + id_res.id = apid;
> + id_res.reserved = false;
> +
> + ret = driver_for_each_device(matrix_dev->device.driver, NULL, &id_res,
> + vfio_ap_queue_has_apid);
> + if (ret)
> + return ret;
> +
> + if (id_res.reserved)
> + return 0;
> +
> + pr_err("%s: mdev %s using adapter %02lx not reserved by %s driver",
> + VFIO_AP_MODULE_NAME, mdev_name, apid,
> + VFIO_AP_DRV_NAME);
> +
> + return -EPERM;
> +}
> +
> +static int vfio_ap_verify_queues_reserved(struct ap_matrix_dev *matrix_dev,
> + const char *mdev_name,
> + struct ap_matrix *matrix)
> +{
> + unsigned long apid, apqi;
> + int ret;
> + int rc = 0;
> +
> + for_each_set_bit_inv(apid, matrix->apm, matrix->apm_max + 1) {
> + for_each_set_bit_inv(apqi, matrix->aqm, matrix->aqm_max + 1) {
> + ret = vfio_ap_verify_qid_reserved(matrix_dev,
> + AP_MKQID(apid, apqi));
> + if (ret == 0)
> + continue;
> +
> + /*
> + * We want to log every APQN that is not reserved by
> + * the driver, so record the return code, log a message
> + * and allow the loop to continue
> + */
> + rc = ret;
> + pr_err("%s: mdev %s using queue %02lx.%04lx not reserved by %s driver",
> + VFIO_AP_MODULE_NAME, mdev_name, apid,
> + apqi, VFIO_AP_DRV_NAME);
> + }
> + }
> +
> + return rc;
> +}
> +
> +/**
> + * vfio_ap_validate_apid
> + *
> + * @mdev: the mediated device
> + * @matrix_mdev: the mediated matrix device
> + * @apid: the APID to validate
> + *
> + * Validates the value of @apid:
> + * * If there are no AP domains assigned, then there must be at least
> + * one AP queue device reserved by the VFIO AP device driver with an
> + * APQN containing @apid.
> + *
> + * * Else each APQN that can be derived from the intersection of @apid and
> + * the IDs of the AP domains already assigned must identify an AP queue
> + * that has been reserved by the VFIO AP device driver.
> + *
> + * Returns 0 if the value of @apid is valid; otherwise, returns an error.
> + */
> +static int vfio_ap_validate_apid(struct mdev_device *mdev,
> + struct ap_matrix_mdev *matrix_mdev,
> + unsigned long apid)
> +{
> + int ret;
> + unsigned long aqmsz = matrix_mdev->matrix.aqm_max + 1;
> + struct device *dev = mdev_parent_dev(mdev);
> + struct ap_matrix_dev *matrix_dev = to_ap_matrix_dev(dev);
> + struct ap_matrix matrix = matrix_mdev->matrix;
> +
> + /* If there are any queues assigned to the mediated device */
> + if (find_first_bit_inv(matrix.aqm, aqmsz) < aqmsz) {
> + matrix.apm_max = matrix_mdev->matrix.apm_max;
> + memset(matrix.apm, 0,
> + ARRAY_SIZE(matrix.apm) * sizeof(matrix.apm[0]));
> + set_bit_inv(apid, matrix.apm);
> + matrix.aqm_max = matrix_mdev->matrix.aqm_max;
> + memcpy(matrix.aqm, matrix_mdev->matrix.aqm,
> + ARRAY_SIZE(matrix.aqm) * sizeof(matrix.aqm[0]));
> + ret = vfio_ap_verify_queues_reserved(matrix_dev,
> + matrix_mdev->name,
> + &matrix);
> + } else {
> + ret = vfio_ap_verify_apid_reserved(matrix_dev,
> + matrix_mdev->name, apid);
> + }
> +
> + if (ret)
> + return ret;
> +
> + return 0;
> +}
> +
> +/**
> + * assign_adapter_store
> + *
> + * @dev: the matrix device
> + * @attr: a mediated matrix device attribute
> + * @buf: a buffer containing the adapter ID (APID) to be assigned
> + * @count: the number of bytes in @buf
> + *
> + * Parses the APID from @buf and assigns it to the mediated matrix device. The
> + * APID must be a valid value:
> + * * The APID value must not exceed the maximum allowable AP adapter ID
> + *
> + * * If there are no AP domains assigned, then there must be at least
> + * one AP queue device reserved by the VFIO AP device driver with an
> + * APQN containing @apid.

I do not understand the reason here.
Can you develop?

I suppose that by reserved you mean bound. (then use bound)
But I still can not understand the reason why.

Beside if I understand correctly what you do it forbid the automatic
assignment of a new card plugged into the host.

> + *
> + * * Else each APQN that can be derived from the intersection of @apid and
> + * the IDs of the AP domains already assigned must identify an AP queue
> + * that has been reserved by the VFIO AP device driver.
> + *
> + * Returns the number of bytes processed if the APID is valid; otherwise returns
> + * an error.
> + */
> +static ssize_t assign_adapter_store(struct device *dev,
> + struct device_attribute *attr,
> + const char *buf, size_t count)
> +{
> + int ret;
> + unsigned long apid;
> + struct mdev_device *mdev = mdev_from_dev(dev);
> + struct ap_matrix_mdev *matrix_mdev = mdev_get_drvdata(mdev);
> + unsigned long max_apid = matrix_mdev->matrix.apm_max;
> +
> + ret = kstrtoul(buf, 0, &apid);
> + if (ret || (apid > max_apid)) {
> + pr_err("%s: %s: adapter id '%s' not a value from 0 to %02lu(%#04lx)",
> + VFIO_AP_MODULE_NAME, __func__, buf, max_apid, max_apid);
> +
> + return ret ? ret : -EINVAL;
> + }
> +
> + ret = vfio_ap_validate_apid(mdev, matrix_mdev, apid);
> + if (ret)
> + return ret;
> +
> + /* Set the bit in the AP mask (APM) corresponding to the AP adapter
> + * number (APID). The bits in the mask, from most significant to least
> + * significant bit, correspond to APIDs 0-255.
> + */
> + set_bit_inv(apid, matrix_mdev->matrix.apm);
> +
> + return count;
> +}
> +static DEVICE_ATTR_WO(assign_adapter);
> +
> +/**
> + * unassign_adapter_store
> + *
> + * @dev: the matrix device
> + * @attr: a mediated matrix device attribute
> + * @buf: a buffer containing the adapter ID (APID) to be assigned
> + * @count: the number of bytes in @buf
> + *
> + * Parses the APID from @buf and unassigns it from the mediated matrix device.
> + * The APID must be a valid value
> + *
> + * Returns the number of bytes processed if the APID is valid; otherwise returns
> + * an error.
> + */
> +static ssize_t unassign_adapter_store(struct device *dev,
> + struct device_attribute *attr,
> + const char *buf, size_t count)
> +{
> + int ret;
> + unsigned long apid;
> + struct mdev_device *mdev = mdev_from_dev(dev);
> + struct ap_matrix_mdev *matrix_mdev = mdev_get_drvdata(mdev);
> + unsigned long max_apid = matrix_mdev->matrix.apm_max;
> +
> + ret = kstrtoul(buf, 0, &apid);
> + if (ret || (apid > max_apid)) {
> + pr_err("%s: %s: adapter id '%s' must be a value from 0 to %02lu(%#04lx)",
> + VFIO_AP_MODULE_NAME, __func__, buf, max_apid, max_apid);
> +
> + return ret ? ret : -EINVAL;
> + }
> +
> + if (!test_bit_inv(apid, matrix_mdev->matrix.apm)) {
> + pr_err("%s: %s: adapter id %02lu(%#04lx) not assigned",
> + VFIO_AP_MODULE_NAME, __func__, apid, apid);
> +
> + return -ENODEV;
> + }
> +
> + clear_bit_inv((unsigned long)apid, matrix_mdev->matrix.apm);
> +
> + return count;
> +}
> +DEVICE_ATTR_WO(unassign_adapter);
> +
> +static struct attribute *vfio_ap_mdev_attrs[] = {
> + &dev_attr_assign_adapter.attr,
> + &dev_attr_unassign_adapter.attr,
> + NULL
> +};
> +
> +static struct attribute_group vfio_ap_mdev_attr_group = {
> + .attrs = vfio_ap_mdev_attrs
> +};
> +
> +static const struct attribute_group *vfio_ap_mdev_attr_groups[] = {
> + &vfio_ap_mdev_attr_group,
> + NULL
> +};
> +
> static const struct mdev_parent_ops vfio_ap_matrix_ops = {
> .owner = THIS_MODULE,
> .supported_type_groups = vfio_ap_mdev_type_groups,
> + .mdev_attr_groups = vfio_ap_mdev_attr_groups,
> .create = vfio_ap_mdev_create,
> .remove = vfio_ap_mdev_remove,
> };


--
Pierre Morel
Linux/KVM/QEMU in Böblingen - Germany

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