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Subject[PATCH v9 17/17] mm: Clear shrinker bit if there are no objects related to memcg
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To avoid further unneed calls of do_shrink_slab()
for shrinkers, which already do not have any charged
objects in a memcg, their bits have to be cleared.

This patch introduces a lockless mechanism to do that
without races without parallel list lru add. After
do_shrink_slab() returns SHRINK_EMPTY the first time,
we clear the bit and call it once again. Then we restore
the bit, if the new return value is different.

Note, that single smp_mb__after_atomic() in shrink_slab_memcg()
covers two situations:

1)list_lru_add() shrink_slab_memcg
list_add_tail() for_each_set_bit() <--- read bit
do_shrink_slab() <--- missed list update (no barrier)
<MB> <MB>
set_bit() do_shrink_slab() <--- seen list update

This situation, when the first do_shrink_slab() sees set bit,
but it doesn't see list update (i.e., race with the first element
queueing), is rare. So we don't add <MB> before the first call
of do_shrink_slab() instead of this to do not slow down generic
case. Also, it's need the second call as seen in below in (2).

2)list_lru_add() shrink_slab_memcg()
list_add_tail() ...
set_bit() ...
... for_each_set_bit()
do_shrink_slab() do_shrink_slab()
clear_bit() ...
... ...
list_lru_add() ...
list_add_tail() clear_bit()
<MB> <MB>
set_bit() do_shrink_slab()

The barriers guarantees, the second do_shrink_slab()
in the right side task sees list update if really
cleared the bit. This case is drawn in the code comment.

[Results/performance of the patchset]

After the whole patchset applied the below test shows signify
increase of performance:

$echo 1 > /sys/fs/cgroup/memory/memory.use_hierarchy
$mkdir /sys/fs/cgroup/memory/ct
$echo 4000M > /sys/fs/cgroup/memory/ct/memory.kmem.limit_in_bytes
$for i in `seq 0 4000`; do mkdir /sys/fs/cgroup/memory/ct/$i;
echo $$ > /sys/fs/cgroup/memory/ct/$i/cgroup.procs;
mkdir -p s/$i; mount -t tmpfs $i s/$i;
touch s/$i/file; done

Then, 5 sequential calls of drop caches:
$time echo 3 > /proc/sys/vm/drop_caches

1)Before:
0.00user 13.78system 0:13.78elapsed 99%CPU
0.00user 5.59system 0:05.60elapsed 99%CPU
0.00user 5.48system 0:05.48elapsed 99%CPU
0.00user 8.35system 0:08.35elapsed 99%CPU
0.00user 8.34system 0:08.35elapsed 99%CPU

2)After
0.00user 1.10system 0:01.10elapsed 99%CPU
0.00user 0.00system 0:00.01elapsed 64%CPU
0.00user 0.01system 0:00.01elapsed 82%CPU
0.00user 0.00system 0:00.01elapsed 64%CPU
0.00user 0.01system 0:00.01elapsed 82%CPU

The results show the performance increases at least in 548 times.

Shakeel Butt tested this patchset with fork-bomb on his configuration:

> I created 255 memcgs, 255 ext4 mounts and made each memcg create a
> file containing few KiBs on corresponding mount. Then in a separate
> memcg of 200 MiB limit ran a fork-bomb.
>
> I ran the "perf record -ag -- sleep 60" and below are the results:
>
> Without the patch series:
> Samples: 4M of event 'cycles', Event count (approx.): 3279403076005
> + 36.40% fb.sh [kernel.kallsyms] [k] shrink_slab
> + 18.97% fb.sh [kernel.kallsyms] [k] list_lru_count_one
> + 6.75% fb.sh [kernel.kallsyms] [k] super_cache_count
> + 0.49% fb.sh [kernel.kallsyms] [k] down_read_trylock
> + 0.44% fb.sh [kernel.kallsyms] [k] mem_cgroup_iter
> + 0.27% fb.sh [kernel.kallsyms] [k] up_read
> + 0.21% fb.sh [kernel.kallsyms] [k] osq_lock
> + 0.13% fb.sh [kernel.kallsyms] [k] shmem_unused_huge_count
> + 0.08% fb.sh [kernel.kallsyms] [k] shrink_node_memcg
> + 0.08% fb.sh [kernel.kallsyms] [k] shrink_node
>
> With the patch series:
> Samples: 4M of event 'cycles', Event count (approx.): 2756866824946
> + 47.49% fb.sh [kernel.kallsyms] [k] down_read_trylock
> + 30.72% fb.sh [kernel.kallsyms] [k] up_read
> + 9.51% fb.sh [kernel.kallsyms] [k] mem_cgroup_iter
> + 1.69% fb.sh [kernel.kallsyms] [k] shrink_node_memcg
> + 1.35% fb.sh [kernel.kallsyms] [k] mem_cgroup_protected
> + 1.05% fb.sh [kernel.kallsyms] [k] queued_spin_lock_slowpath
> + 0.85% fb.sh [kernel.kallsyms] [k] _raw_spin_lock
> + 0.78% fb.sh [kernel.kallsyms] [k] lruvec_lru_size
> + 0.57% fb.sh [kernel.kallsyms] [k] shrink_node
> + 0.54% fb.sh [kernel.kallsyms] [k] queue_work_on
> + 0.46% fb.sh [kernel.kallsyms] [k] shrink_slab_memcg

Signed-off-by: Kirill Tkhai <ktkhai@virtuozzo.com>
Acked-by: Vladimir Davydov <vdavydov.dev@gmail.com>
Tested-by: Shakeel Butt <shakeelb@google.com>
---
mm/memcontrol.c | 2 ++
mm/vmscan.c | 26 ++++++++++++++++++++++++--
2 files changed, 26 insertions(+), 2 deletions(-)

diff --git a/mm/memcontrol.c b/mm/memcontrol.c
index 70881f04775d..bd1e3823236f 100644
--- a/mm/memcontrol.c
+++ b/mm/memcontrol.c
@@ -430,6 +430,8 @@ void memcg_set_shrinker_bit(struct mem_cgroup *memcg, int nid, int shrinker_id)

rcu_read_lock();
map = rcu_dereference(memcg->nodeinfo[nid]->shrinker_map);
+ /* Pairs with smp mb in shrink_slab() */
+ smp_mb__before_atomic();
set_bit(shrinker_id, map->map);
rcu_read_unlock();
}
diff --git a/mm/vmscan.c b/mm/vmscan.c
index 8199e1b9a204..93fdd0375b64 100644
--- a/mm/vmscan.c
+++ b/mm/vmscan.c
@@ -596,8 +596,30 @@ static unsigned long shrink_slab_memcg(gfp_t gfp_mask, int nid,
continue;

ret = do_shrink_slab(&sc, shrinker, priority);
- if (ret == SHRINK_EMPTY)
- ret = 0;
+ if (ret == SHRINK_EMPTY) {
+ clear_bit(i, map->map);
+ /*
+ * After the shrinker reported that it had no objects to
+ * free, but before we cleared the corresponding bit in
+ * the memcg shrinker map, a new object might have been
+ * added. To make sure, we have the bit set in this
+ * case, we invoke the shrinker one more time and reset
+ * the bit if it reports that it is not empty anymore.
+ * The memory barrier here pairs with the barrier in
+ * memcg_set_shrinker_bit():
+ *
+ * list_lru_add() shrink_slab_memcg()
+ * list_add_tail() clear_bit()
+ * <MB> <MB>
+ * set_bit() do_shrink_slab()
+ */
+ smp_mb__after_atomic();
+ ret = do_shrink_slab(&sc, shrinker, priority);
+ if (ret == SHRINK_EMPTY)
+ ret = 0;
+ else
+ memcg_set_shrinker_bit(memcg, nid, i);
+ }
freed += ret;

if (rwsem_is_contended(&shrinker_rwsem)) {
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