lkml.org 
[lkml]   [2018]   [Jul]   [8]   [last100]   RSS Feed
Views: [wrap][no wrap]   [headers]  [forward] 
 
Messages in this thread
Patch in this message
/
Date
From
Subject[PATCH bpf-next v3 2/3] bpf: btf: add btf print functionality
This consumes functionality exported in the previous patch. It does the
main job of printing with BTF data. This is used in the following patch
to provide a more readable output of a map's dump. It relies on
json_writer to do json printing. Below is sample output where map keys
are ints and values are of type struct A:

typedef int int_type;
enum E {
E0,
E1,
};

struct B {
int x;
int y;
};

struct A {
int m;
unsigned long long n;
char o;
int p[8];
int q[4][8];
enum E r;
void *s;
struct B t;
const int u;
int_type v;
unsigned int w1: 3;
unsigned int w2: 3;
};

$ sudo bpftool map dump id 14
[{
"key": 0,
"value": {
"m": 1,
"n": 2,
"o": "c",
"p": [15,16,17,18,15,16,17,18
],
"q": [[25,26,27,28,25,26,27,28
],[35,36,37,38,35,36,37,38
],[45,46,47,48,45,46,47,48
],[55,56,57,58,55,56,57,58
]
],
"r": 1,
"s": 0x7ffd80531cf8,
"t": {
"x": 5,
"y": 10
},
"u": 100,
"v": 20,
"w1": 0x7,
"w2": 0x3
}
}
]

This patch uses json's {} and [] to imply struct/union and array. More
explicit information can be added later. For example, a command line
option can be introduced to print whether a key or value is struct
or union, name of a struct etc. This will however come at the expense
of duplicating info when, for example, printing an array of structs.
enums are printed as ints without their names.

Signed-off-by: Okash Khawaja <osk@fb.com>
Acked-by: Martin KaFai Lau <kafai@fb.com>

---
tools/bpf/bpftool/btf_dumper.c | 253 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
tools/bpf/bpftool/main.h | 15 ++
2 files changed, 268 insertions(+)

--- /dev/null
+++ b/tools/bpf/bpftool/btf_dumper.c
@@ -0,0 +1,253 @@
+// SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0
+/* Copyright (c) 2018 Facebook */
+
+#include <linux/btf.h>
+#include <linux/err.h>
+#include <stdio.h> /* for (FILE *) used by json_writer */
+#include <linux/bitops.h>
+#include <string.h>
+#include <ctype.h>
+
+#include "btf.h"
+#include "json_writer.h"
+#include "main.h"
+
+#define BITS_PER_BYTE_MASK (BITS_PER_BYTE - 1)
+#define BITS_PER_BYTE_MASKED(bits) ((bits) & BITS_PER_BYTE_MASK)
+#define BITS_ROUNDDOWN_BYTES(bits) ((bits) >> 3)
+#define BITS_ROUNDUP_BYTES(bits) \
+ (BITS_ROUNDDOWN_BYTES(bits) + !!BITS_PER_BYTE_MASKED(bits))
+const int one = 1;
+#define is_big_endian() ((*(char *)&one) == 0)
+
+static int btf_dumper_do_type(const struct btf_dumper *d, __u32 type_id,
+ __u8 bit_offset, const void *data);
+
+static void btf_dumper_ptr(const void *data, json_writer_t *jw,
+ bool is_plain_text)
+{
+ if (is_plain_text)
+ jsonw_printf(jw, "%p", *((unsigned long *)data));
+ else
+ jsonw_printf(jw, "%u", *((unsigned long *)data));
+}
+
+static int btf_dumper_modifier(const struct btf_dumper *d, __u32 type_id,
+ const void *data)
+{
+ int actual_type_id;
+
+ actual_type_id = btf__resolve_type(d->btf, type_id);
+ if (actual_type_id < 0)
+ return actual_type_id;
+
+ return btf_dumper_do_type(d, actual_type_id, 0, data);
+}
+
+static void btf_dumper_enum(const void *data, json_writer_t *jw)
+{
+ jsonw_printf(jw, "%d", *(int *)data);
+}
+
+static int btf_dumper_array(const struct btf_dumper *d, __u32 type_id,
+ const void *data)
+{
+ const struct btf_type *t = btf__type_by_id(d->btf, type_id);
+ struct btf_array *arr = (struct btf_array *)(t + 1);
+ long long elem_size;
+ int ret = 0;
+ __u32 i;
+
+ elem_size = btf__resolve_size(d->btf, arr->type);
+ if (elem_size < 0)
+ return elem_size;
+
+ jsonw_start_array(d->jw);
+ for (i = 0; i < arr->nelems; i++) {
+ ret = btf_dumper_do_type(d, arr->type, 0,
+ data + i * elem_size);
+ if (ret)
+ break;
+ }
+
+ jsonw_end_array(d->jw);
+ return ret;
+}
+
+static void btf_dumper_int_bits(__u32 int_type, __u8 bit_offset,
+ const void *data, json_writer_t *jw,
+ bool is_plain_text)
+{
+ int left_shift_bits, right_shift_bits;
+ int nr_bits = BTF_INT_BITS(int_type);
+ int total_bits_offset;
+ int bytes_to_copy;
+ int bits_to_copy;
+ __u64 print_num;
+
+ total_bits_offset = bit_offset + BTF_INT_OFFSET(int_type);
+ data += BITS_ROUNDDOWN_BYTES(total_bits_offset);
+ bit_offset = BITS_PER_BYTE_MASKED(total_bits_offset);
+ bits_to_copy = bit_offset + nr_bits;
+ bytes_to_copy = BITS_ROUNDUP_BYTES(bits_to_copy);
+
+ print_num = 0;
+ memcpy(&print_num, data, bytes_to_copy);
+ if (is_big_endian()) {
+ left_shift_bits = bit_offset;
+ right_shift_bits = 64 - nr_bits;
+ } else {
+ left_shift_bits = 64 - bits_to_copy;
+ right_shift_bits = 64 - nr_bits;
+ }
+
+ print_num <<= left_shift_bits;
+ print_num >>= right_shift_bits;
+ if (is_plain_text)
+ jsonw_printf(jw, "0x%llx", print_num);
+ else
+ jsonw_printf(jw, "%llu", print_num);
+}
+
+static int btf_dumper_int(const struct btf_type *t, __u8 bit_offset,
+ const void *data, json_writer_t *jw,
+ bool is_plain_text)
+{
+ __u32 *int_type;
+ __u32 nr_bits;
+
+ int_type = (__u32 *)(t + 1);
+ nr_bits = BTF_INT_BITS(*int_type);
+ /* if this is bit field */
+ if (bit_offset || BTF_INT_OFFSET(*int_type) ||
+ BITS_PER_BYTE_MASKED(nr_bits)) {
+ btf_dumper_int_bits(*int_type, bit_offset, data, jw,
+ is_plain_text);
+ return 0;
+ }
+
+ switch (BTF_INT_ENCODING(*int_type)) {
+ case 0:
+ if (BTF_INT_BITS(*int_type) == 64)
+ jsonw_printf(jw, "%lu", *((__u64 *)data));
+ else if (BTF_INT_BITS(*int_type) == 32)
+ jsonw_printf(jw, "%u", *((__u32 *)data));
+ else if (BTF_INT_BITS(*int_type) == 16)
+ jsonw_printf(jw, "%hu", *((__u16 *)data));
+ else if (BTF_INT_BITS(*int_type) == 8)
+ jsonw_printf(jw, "%hhu", *((__u8 *)data));
+ else
+ btf_dumper_int_bits(*int_type, bit_offset, data, jw,
+ is_plain_text);
+ break;
+ case BTF_INT_SIGNED:
+ if (BTF_INT_BITS(*int_type) == 64)
+ jsonw_printf(jw, "%ld", *((long long *)data));
+ else if (BTF_INT_BITS(*int_type) == 32)
+ jsonw_printf(jw, "%d", *((int *)data));
+ else if (BTF_INT_BITS(*int_type) == 16)
+ jsonw_printf(jw, "%hd", *((short *)data));
+ else if (BTF_INT_BITS(*int_type) == 8)
+ jsonw_printf(jw, "%hhd", *((char *)data));
+ else
+ btf_dumper_int_bits(*int_type, bit_offset, data, jw,
+ is_plain_text);
+ break;
+ case BTF_INT_CHAR:
+ if (*((char *)data) == '\0')
+ jsonw_null(jw);
+ else if (isprint(*((char *)data)))
+ jsonw_printf(jw, "\"%c\"", *((char *)data));
+ else
+ if (is_plain_text)
+ jsonw_printf(jw, "0x%hhx", *((char *)data));
+ else
+ jsonw_printf(jw, "\"\\u00%02hhx\"",
+ *((char *)data));
+ break;
+ case BTF_INT_BOOL:
+ jsonw_bool(jw, *((int *)data));
+ break;
+ default:
+ /* shouldn't happen */
+ return -EINVAL;
+ }
+
+ return 0;
+}
+
+static int btf_dumper_struct(const struct btf_dumper *d, __u32 type_id,
+ const void *data)
+{
+ const struct btf_type *t;
+ struct btf_member *m;
+ int ret = 0;
+ int i, vlen;
+
+ t = btf__type_by_id(d->btf, type_id);
+ if (!t)
+ return -EINVAL;
+
+ vlen = BTF_INFO_VLEN(t->info);
+ jsonw_start_object(d->jw);
+ m = (struct btf_member *)(t + 1);
+
+ for (i = 0; i < vlen; i++) {
+ const void *data_off = data +
+ BITS_ROUNDDOWN_BYTES(m[i].offset);
+ jsonw_name(d->jw, btf__name_by_offset(d->btf, m[i].name_off));
+ ret = btf_dumper_do_type(d, m[i].type,
+ BITS_PER_BYTE_MASKED(m[i].offset),
+ data_off);
+ if (ret)
+ break;
+ }
+
+ jsonw_end_object(d->jw);
+
+ return ret;
+}
+
+static int btf_dumper_do_type(const struct btf_dumper *d, __u32 type_id,
+ __u8 bit_offset, const void *data)
+{
+ const struct btf_type *t = btf__type_by_id(d->btf, type_id);
+
+ switch (BTF_INFO_KIND(t->info)) {
+ case BTF_KIND_INT:
+ return btf_dumper_int(t, bit_offset, data, d->jw,
+ d->is_plain_text);
+ case BTF_KIND_STRUCT:
+ case BTF_KIND_UNION:
+ return btf_dumper_struct(d, type_id, data);
+ case BTF_KIND_ARRAY:
+ return btf_dumper_array(d, type_id, data);
+ case BTF_KIND_ENUM:
+ btf_dumper_enum(data, d->jw);
+ return 0;
+ case BTF_KIND_PTR:
+ btf_dumper_ptr(data, d->jw, d->is_plain_text);
+ return 0;
+ case BTF_KIND_UNKN:
+ jsonw_printf(d->jw, "(unknown)");
+ return 0;
+ case BTF_KIND_FWD:
+ /* map key or value can't be forward */
+ jsonw_printf(d->jw, "(fwd-kind-invalid)");
+ return -EINVAL;
+ case BTF_KIND_TYPEDEF:
+ case BTF_KIND_VOLATILE:
+ case BTF_KIND_CONST:
+ case BTF_KIND_RESTRICT:
+ return btf_dumper_modifier(d, type_id, data);
+ default:
+ jsonw_printf(d->jw, "(unsupported-kind");
+ return -EINVAL;
+ }
+}
+
+int btf_dumper_type(const struct btf_dumper *d, __u32 type_id,
+ const void *data)
+{
+ return btf_dumper_do_type(d, type_id, 0, data);
+}
--- a/tools/bpf/bpftool/main.h
+++ b/tools/bpf/bpftool/main.h
@@ -131,4 +131,19 @@ unsigned int get_page_size(void);
unsigned int get_possible_cpus(void);
const char *ifindex_to_bfd_name_ns(__u32 ifindex, __u64 ns_dev, __u64 ns_ino);

+struct btf_dumper {
+ const struct btf *btf;
+ json_writer_t *jw;
+ bool is_plain_text;
+};
+
+/* btf_dumper_type - print data along with type information
+ * @d: an instance containing context for dumping types
+ * @type_id: index in btf->types array. this points to the type to be dumped
+ * @data: pointer the actual data, i.e. the values to be printed
+ *
+ * Returns zero on success and negative error code otherwise
+ */
+int btf_dumper_type(const struct btf_dumper *d, __u32 type_id,
+ const void *data);
#endif
\
 
 \ /
  Last update: 2018-07-08 22:36    [W:0.036 / U:7.072 seconds]
©2003-2018 Jasper Spaans|hosted at Digital Ocean and TransIP|Read the blog|Advertise on this site