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SubjectRe: [PATCH v5 00/10] track CPU utilization
On Tuesday 05 Jun 2018 at 15:15:18 (+0200), Juri Lelli wrote:
> On 05/06/18 14:05, Quentin Perret wrote:
> > On Tuesday 05 Jun 2018 at 14:11:53 (+0200), Juri Lelli wrote:
> > > Hi Quentin,
> > >
> > > On 05/06/18 11:57, Quentin Perret wrote:
> > >
> > > [...]
> > >
> > > > What about the diff below (just a quick hack to show the idea) applied
> > > > on tip/sched/core ?
> > > >
> > > > ---8<---
> > > > diff --git a/kernel/sched/cpufreq_schedutil.c b/kernel/sched/cpufreq_schedutil.c
> > > > index a8ba6d1f262a..23a4fb1c2c25 100644
> > > > --- a/kernel/sched/cpufreq_schedutil.c
> > > > +++ b/kernel/sched/cpufreq_schedutil.c
> > > > @@ -180,9 +180,12 @@ static void sugov_get_util(struct sugov_cpu *sg_cpu)
> > > > sg_cpu->util_dl = cpu_util_dl(rq);
> > > > }
> > > >
> > > > +unsigned long scale_rt_capacity(int cpu);
> > > > static unsigned long sugov_aggregate_util(struct sugov_cpu *sg_cpu)
> > > > {
> > > > struct rq *rq = cpu_rq(sg_cpu->cpu);
> > > > + int cpu = sg_cpu->cpu;
> > > > + unsigned long util, dl_bw;
> > > >
> > > > if (rq->rt.rt_nr_running)
> > > > return sg_cpu->max;
> > > > @@ -197,7 +200,14 @@ static unsigned long sugov_aggregate_util(struct sugov_cpu *sg_cpu)
> > > > * util_cfs + util_dl as requested freq. However, cpufreq is not yet
> > > > * ready for such an interface. So, we only do the latter for now.
> > > > */
> > > > - return min(sg_cpu->max, (sg_cpu->util_dl + sg_cpu->util_cfs));
> > > > + util = arch_scale_cpu_capacity(NULL, cpu) * scale_rt_capacity(cpu);
> > >
> > > Sorry to be pedantinc, but this (ATM) includes DL avg contribution, so,
> > > since we use max below, we will probably have the same problem that we
> > > discussed on Vincent's approach (overestimation of DL contribution while
> > > we could use running_bw).
> >
> > Ah no, you're right, this isn't great for long running deadline tasks.
> > We should definitely account for the running_bw here, not the dl avg...
> >
> > I was trying to address the issue of RT stealing time from CFS here, but
> > the DL integration isn't quite right which this patch as-is, I agree ...
> >
> > >
> > > > + util >>= SCHED_CAPACITY_SHIFT;
> > > > + util = arch_scale_cpu_capacity(NULL, cpu) - util;
> > > > + util += sg_cpu->util_cfs;
> > > > + dl_bw = (rq->dl.this_bw * SCHED_CAPACITY_SCALE) >> BW_SHIFT;
> > >
> > > Why this_bw instead of running_bw?
> >
> > So IIUC, this_bw should basically give you the absolute reservation (== the
> > sum of runtime/deadline ratios of all DL tasks on that rq).
>
> Yep.
>
> > The reason I added this max is because I'm still not sure to understand
> > how we can safely drop the freq below that point ? If we don't guarantee
> > to always stay at least at the freq required by DL, aren't we risking to
> > start a deadline tasks stuck at a low freq because of rate limiting ? In
> > this case, if that tasks uses all of its runtime then you might start
> > missing deadlines ...
>
> We decided to avoid (software) rate limiting for DL with e97a90f7069b
> ("sched/cpufreq: Rate limits for SCHED_DEADLINE").

Right, I spotted that one, but yeah you could also be limited by HW ...

>
> > My feeling is that the only safe thing to do is to guarantee to never go
> > below the freq required by DL, and to optimistically add CFS tasks
> > without raising the OPP if we have good reasons to think that DL is
> > using less than it required (which is what we should get by using
> > running_bw above I suppose). Does that make any sense ?
>
> Then we can't still avoid the hardware limits, so using running_bw is a
> trade off between safety (especially considering soft real-time
> scenarios) and energy consumption (which seems to be working in
> practice).

Ok, I see ... Have you guys already tried something like my patch above
(keeping the freq >= this_bw) in real world use cases ? Is this costing
that much energy in practice ? If we fill the gaps left by DL (when it
doesn't use all the runtime) with CFS tasks that might no be so bad ...

Thank you very much for taking the time to explain all this, I really
appreciate :-)

Quentin

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