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Subject[PATCH v4 07/31] kconfig: add built-in function support
Date
This commit adds a new concept 'function' to do more text processing
in Kconfig.

A function call looks like this:

$(function,arg1,arg2,arg3,...)

This commit adds the basic infrastructure to expand functions.
Change the text expansion helpers to take arguments.

Signed-off-by: Masahiro Yamada <yamada.masahiro@socionext.com>
---

Changes in v4:
- Error out if arguments more than FUNCTION_MAX_ARGS are passed
- Use a comma as a delimiter between the function name and the
first argument
- Check the number of arguments accepted by each function
- Support delayed expansion of arguments.
This will be needed to implement 'if' function

Changes in v3:
- Split base infrastructure and 'shell' function
into separate patches.

Changes in v2:
- Use 'shell' for getting stdout from the comment.
It was 'shell-stdout' in the previous version.
- Simplify the implementation since the expansion has been moved to
lexer.

scripts/kconfig/preprocess.c | 168 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++---
1 file changed, 159 insertions(+), 9 deletions(-)

diff --git a/scripts/kconfig/preprocess.c b/scripts/kconfig/preprocess.c
index 1bf506c..5be28ec 100644
--- a/scripts/kconfig/preprocess.c
+++ b/scripts/kconfig/preprocess.c
@@ -3,12 +3,17 @@
// Copyright (C) 2018 Masahiro Yamada <yamada.masahiro@socionext.com>

#include <stdarg.h>
+#include <stdbool.h>
#include <stdio.h>
#include <stdlib.h>
#include <string.h>

#include "list.h"

+#define ARRAY_SIZE(arr) (sizeof(arr) / sizeof((arr)[0]))
+
+static char *expand_string_with_args(const char *in, int argc, char *argv[]);
+
static void __attribute__((noreturn)) pperror(const char *format, ...)
{
va_list ap;
@@ -88,9 +93,85 @@ void env_write_dep(FILE *f, const char *autoconfig_name)
}
}

-static char *eval_clause(const char *in)
+/*
+ * Built-in functions
+ */
+struct function {
+ const char *name;
+ unsigned int min_args;
+ unsigned int max_args;
+ bool expand_args;
+ char *(*func)(int argc, char *argv[], int old_argc, char *old_argv[]);
+};
+
+static const struct function function_table[] = {
+ /* Name MIN MAX EXP? Function */
+};
+
+#define FUNCTION_MAX_ARGS 16
+
+static char *function_expand_arg_and_call(char *(*func)(int argc, char *argv[],
+ int old_argc,
+ char *old_argv[]),
+ int argc, char *argv[],
+ int old_argc, char *old_argv[])
+{
+ char *expanded_argv[FUNCTION_MAX_ARGS], *res;
+ int i;
+
+ for (i = 0; i < argc; i++)
+ expanded_argv[i] = expand_string_with_args(argv[i],
+ old_argc, old_argv);
+
+ res = func(argc, expanded_argv, 0, NULL);
+
+ for (i = 0; i < argc; i++)
+ free(expanded_argv[i]);
+
+ return res;
+}
+
+static char *function_call(const char *name, int argc, char *argv[],
+ int old_argc, char *old_argv[])
+{
+ const struct function *f;
+ int i;
+
+ for (i = 0; i < ARRAY_SIZE(function_table); i++) {
+ f = &function_table[i];
+ if (strcmp(f->name, name))
+ continue;
+
+ if (argc < f->min_args)
+ pperror("too few function arguments passed to '%s'",
+ name);
+
+ if (argc > f->max_args)
+ pperror("too many function arguments passed to '%s'",
+ name);
+
+ if (f->expand_args)
+ return function_expand_arg_and_call(f->func, argc, argv,
+ old_argc, old_argv);
+ return f->func(argc, argv, old_argc, old_argv);
+ }
+
+ return NULL;
+}
+
+/*
+ * Evaluate a clause with arguments. argc/argv are arguments from the upper
+ * function call.
+ *
+ * Returned string must be freed when done
+ */
+static char *eval_clause(const char *in, int argc, char *argv[])
{
- char *res, *name;
+ char *tmp, *prev, *p, *res, *name;
+ int new_argc = 0;
+ char *new_argv[FUNCTION_MAX_ARGS];
+ int nest = 0;
+ int i;

/*
* Returns an empty string because '$()' should be evaluated
@@ -99,10 +180,69 @@ static char *eval_clause(const char *in)
if (!*in)
return xstrdup("");

- name = expand_string(in);
+ tmp = xstrdup(in);
+
+ prev = p = tmp;
+
+ /*
+ * Split into tokens
+ * The function name and arguments are separated by a comma.
+ * For example, if the function call is like this:
+ * $(foo,abc,$(x),$(y))
+ *
+ * The input string for this helper should be:
+ * foo,abc,$(x),$(y)
+ *
+ * and split into:
+ * new_argv[0] = 'foo'
+ * new_argv[1] = 'abc'
+ * new_argv[2] = '$(x)'
+ * new_argv[3] = '$(y)'
+ */
+ while (*p) {
+ if (nest == 0 && *p == ',') {
+ *p = 0;
+ if (new_argc >= FUNCTION_MAX_ARGS)
+ pperror("too many function arguments");
+ new_argv[new_argc++] = prev;
+ prev = p + 1;
+ } else if (*p == '(') {
+ nest++;
+ } else if (*p == ')') {
+ nest--;
+ }
+
+ p++;
+ }
+ new_argv[new_argc++] = prev;

- res = env_expand(name);
+ /*
+ * Shift arguments
+ * new_argv[0] represents a function name or a variable name. Put it
+ * into 'name', then shift the rest of the arguments. This simplifies
+ * 'const' handling.
+ */
+ name = expand_string_with_args(new_argv[0], argc, argv);
+ new_argc--;
+ for (i = 0; i < new_argc; i++)
+ new_argv[i] = new_argv[i + 1];
+
+ /* Look for built-in functions */
+ res = function_call(name, new_argc, new_argv, argc, argv);
+ if (res)
+ goto out;
+
+ /* Last, try environment variable */
+ if (new_argc == 0) {
+ res = env_expand(name);
+ if (res)
+ goto out;
+ }
+
+ res = xstrdup("");
+out:
free(name);
+ free(tmp);

return res;
}
@@ -119,7 +259,7 @@ static char *eval_clause(const char *in)
* will be
* $(BAR)
*/
-char *expand_dollar(const char **str)
+static char *expand_dollar_with_args(const char **str, int argc, char *argv[])
{
const char *p = *str;
const char *q;
@@ -158,18 +298,18 @@ char *expand_dollar(const char **str)
memcpy(tmp, p, q - p);
tmp[q - p] = 0;
*str = q + 1;
- out = eval_clause(tmp);
+ out = eval_clause(tmp, argc, argv);
free(tmp);

return out;
}

/*
- * Expand variables in the given string. Undefined variables
+ * Expand variables, functions, etc. in the given string. Undefined variables
* expand to an empty string.
* The returned string must be freed when done.
*/
-char *expand_string(const char *in)
+static char *expand_string_with_args(const char *in, int argc, char *argv[])
{
const char *prev_in, *p;
char *new, *out;
@@ -181,7 +321,7 @@ char *expand_string(const char *in)
while ((p = strchr(in, '$'))) {
prev_in = in;
in = p + 1;
- new = expand_dollar(&in);
+ new = expand_dollar_with_args(&in, argc, argv);
outlen = strlen(out) + (p - prev_in) + strlen(new) + 1;
out = xrealloc(out, outlen);
strncat(out, prev_in, p - prev_in);
@@ -196,6 +336,16 @@ char *expand_string(const char *in)
return out;
}

+char *expand_string(const char *in)
+{
+ return expand_string_with_args(in, 0, NULL);
+}
+
+char *expand_dollar(const char **str)
+{
+ return expand_dollar_with_args(str, 0, NULL);
+}
+
/*
* Expand variables in a token. The parsing stops when a token separater
* (in most cases, it is a whitespace) is encountered. 'str' is updated to
--
2.7.4
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