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Subject[PATCH v4 11/31] kconfig: support user-defined function and recursively expanded variable
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Now, we got a basic ability to test compiler capability in Kconfig.

config CC_HAS_STACKPROTECTOR
def_bool $(shell, ($(CC) -Werror -fstack-protector -E -x c /dev/null -o /dev/null 2>/dev/null) && echo y || echo n)

This works, but it is ugly to repeat this long boilerplate.

We want to describe like this:

config CC_HAS_STACKPROTECTOR
bool
default $(cc-option, -fstack-protector)

It is straight-forward to add a new function, but I do not like to
hard-code specialized functions like that. Hence, here is another
feature, user-defined function. This works as a textual shorthand
with parameterization.

A user-defined function is defined by using the = operator, and can
be referenced in the same way as built-in functions. A user-defined
function in Make is referenced like $(call my-func,arg1,arg2), but I
omitted the 'call' to make the syntax shorter.

The definition of a user-defined function contains $(1), $(2), etc.
in its body to reference the parameters. It is grammatically valid
to pass more or fewer arguments when calling it. We already exploit
this feature in our makefiles; scripts/Kbuild.include defines cc-option
which takes two arguments at most, but most of the callers pass only
one argument.

By the way, a variable is supported as a subset of this feature since
a variable is "a user-defined function with zero argument". In this
context, I mean "variable" as recursively expanded variable. I will
add a different flavored variable in the next commit.

The code above can be written as follows:

[Example Code]

success = $(shell, ($(1)) >/dev/null 2>&1 && echo y || echo n)
cc-option = $(success, $(CC) -Werror $(1) -c -x c /dev/null -o /dev/null)

config CC_HAS_STACKPROTECTOR
def_bool $(cc-option, -fstack-protector)

[Result]
$ make -s alldefconfig && tail -n 1 .config
CONFIG_CC_HAS_STACKPROTECTOR=y

Signed-off-by: Masahiro Yamada <yamada.masahiro@socionext.com>
---

Changes in v4: None
Changes in v3:
- Re-implement the parse logic
- Use = operator to define a user-defined function

Changes in v2:
- Use 'macro' directly instead of inside the string type symbol.

scripts/kconfig/lkc_proto.h | 2 +
scripts/kconfig/preprocess.c | 108 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++-
scripts/kconfig/zconf.l | 17 ++++++-
scripts/kconfig/zconf.y | 19 +++++++-
4 files changed, 142 insertions(+), 4 deletions(-)

diff --git a/scripts/kconfig/lkc_proto.h b/scripts/kconfig/lkc_proto.h
index c46929f..2b16d6e 100644
--- a/scripts/kconfig/lkc_proto.h
+++ b/scripts/kconfig/lkc_proto.h
@@ -50,6 +50,8 @@ const char * prop_get_type_name(enum prop_type type);

/* preprocess.c */
void env_write_dep(FILE *f, const char *auto_conf_name);
+void variable_add(const char *name, const char *value);
+void variable_all_del(void);
char *expand_string(const char *in);
char *expand_dollar(const char **str);
char *expand_one_token(const char **str);
diff --git a/scripts/kconfig/preprocess.c b/scripts/kconfig/preprocess.c
index d8c5f60..88580c4 100644
--- a/scripts/kconfig/preprocess.c
+++ b/scripts/kconfig/preprocess.c
@@ -201,18 +201,110 @@ static char *function_call(const char *name, int argc, char *argv[],
}

/*
+ * Variables (and user-defined functions)
+ */
+static LIST_HEAD(variable_list);
+
+struct variable {
+ char *name;
+ char *value;
+ struct list_head node;
+};
+
+static struct variable *variable_lookup(const char *name)
+{
+ struct variable *v;
+
+ list_for_each_entry(v, &variable_list, node) {
+ if (!strcmp(name, v->name))
+ return v;
+ }
+
+ return NULL;
+}
+
+static char *variable_expand(const char *name, int argc, char *argv[],
+ int old_argc, char *old_argv[])
+{
+ struct variable *v;
+ char *expanded_argv[FUNCTION_MAX_ARGS], *res;
+ int i;
+
+ v = variable_lookup(name);
+ if (!v)
+ return NULL;
+
+ for (i = 0; i < argc; i++)
+ expanded_argv[i] = expand_string_with_args(argv[i],
+ old_argc, old_argv);
+
+ res = expand_string_with_args(v->value, argc, expanded_argv);
+
+ for (i = 0; i < argc; i++)
+ free(expanded_argv[i]);
+
+ return res;
+}
+
+void variable_add(const char *name, const char *value)
+{
+ struct variable *v;
+
+ v = variable_lookup(name);
+ if (v) {
+ free(v->value);
+ } else {
+ v = xmalloc(sizeof(*v));
+ v->name = xstrdup(name);
+ list_add_tail(&v->node, &variable_list);
+ }
+
+ v->value = xstrdup(value);
+}
+
+static void variable_del(struct variable *v)
+{
+ list_del(&v->node);
+ free(v->name);
+ free(v->value);
+ free(v);
+}
+
+void variable_all_del(void)
+{
+ struct variable *v, *tmp;
+
+ list_for_each_entry_safe(v, tmp, &variable_list, node)
+ variable_del(v);
+}
+
+/*
* Evaluate a clause with arguments. argc/argv are arguments from the upper
* function call.
*
+ * Let's say 'foo' is defined as:
+ * foo = ABC$(1)PQR(2)XYZ
+ * and you want to evaluate $(foo x,y)
+ *
+ * First, this helper is called with:
+ * in : foo x,y
+ * argc: 0
+ * and then, recursively called with:
+ * in: ABC$(1)PQR(2)XYZ
+ * argc: 2
+ * argv[0]: x
+ * argv[1]: y
+ *
* Returned string must be freed when done
*/
static char *eval_clause(const char *in, int argc, char *argv[])
{
- char *tmp, *prev, *p, *res, *name;
+ char *tmp, *prev, *p, *res, *endptr, *name;
int new_argc = 0;
char *new_argv[FUNCTION_MAX_ARGS];
int nest = 0;
int i;
+ unsigned long n;

/*
* Returns an empty string because '$()' should be evaluated
@@ -221,6 +313,15 @@ static char *eval_clause(const char *in, int argc, char *argv[])
if (!*in)
return xstrdup("");

+ /*
+ * If variable name is '1', '2', etc. It is generally an argument
+ * from a user-function call (i.e. local-scope variable). If not
+ * available, then look-up global-scope variables.
+ */
+ n = strtoul(in, &endptr, 10);
+ if (!*endptr && n > 0 && n <= argc)
+ return xstrdup(argv[n - 1]);
+
tmp = xstrdup(in);

prev = p = tmp;
@@ -268,6 +369,11 @@ static char *eval_clause(const char *in, int argc, char *argv[])
for (i = 0; i < new_argc; i++)
new_argv[i] = new_argv[i + 1];

+ /* Search for variables */
+ res = variable_expand(name, new_argc, new_argv, argc, argv);
+ if (res)
+ goto out;
+
/* Look for built-in functions */
res = function_call(name, new_argc, new_argv, argc, argv);
if (res)
diff --git a/scripts/kconfig/zconf.l b/scripts/kconfig/zconf.l
index 5e53348..19e5ebf 100644
--- a/scripts/kconfig/zconf.l
+++ b/scripts/kconfig/zconf.l
@@ -1,12 +1,13 @@
%option nostdinit noyywrap never-interactive full ecs
%option 8bit nodefault yylineno
-%x COMMAND HELP STRING PARAM
+%x COMMAND HELP STRING PARAM ASSIGN_VAL
%{
/*
* Copyright (C) 2002 Roman Zippel <zippel@linux-m68k.org>
* Released under the terms of the GNU GPL v2.0.
*/

+#include <assert.h>
#include <limits.h>
#include <stdio.h>
#include <stdlib.h>
@@ -111,8 +112,10 @@ n [A-Za-z0-9_-]
}
alloc_string(yytext, yyleng);
yylval.string = text;
- return T_WORD;
+ return T_VARIABLE;
}
+ "=" { BEGIN(ASSIGN_VAL); return T_ASSIGN; }
+ [[:blank:]]+
. warn_ignored_character(*yytext);
\n {
BEGIN(INITIAL);
@@ -120,6 +123,16 @@ n [A-Za-z0-9_-]
}
}

+<ASSIGN_VAL>{
+ [^[:blank:]\n]+.* {
+ alloc_string(yytext, yyleng);
+ yylval.string = text;
+ return T_ASSIGN_VAL;
+ }
+ \n { BEGIN(INITIAL); return T_EOL; }
+ .
+}
+
<PARAM>{
"&&" return T_AND;
"||" return T_OR;
diff --git a/scripts/kconfig/zconf.y b/scripts/kconfig/zconf.y
index 22e318c..6201119 100644
--- a/scripts/kconfig/zconf.y
+++ b/scripts/kconfig/zconf.y
@@ -77,6 +77,9 @@ static struct menu *current_menu, *current_entry;
%token T_CLOSE_PAREN
%token T_OPEN_PAREN
%token T_EOL
+%token <string> T_VARIABLE
+%token T_ASSIGN
+%token <string> T_ASSIGN_VAL

%left T_OR
%left T_AND
@@ -92,7 +95,7 @@ static struct menu *current_menu, *current_entry;
%type <id> end
%type <id> option_name
%type <menu> if_entry menu_entry choice_entry
-%type <string> symbol_option_arg word_opt
+%type <string> symbol_option_arg word_opt assign_val

%destructor {
fprintf(stderr, "%s:%d: missing end statement for this entry\n",
@@ -143,6 +146,7 @@ common_stmt:
| config_stmt
| menuconfig_stmt
| source_stmt
+ | assignment_stmt
;

option_error:
@@ -511,6 +515,15 @@ symbol: nonconst_symbol
word_opt: /* empty */ { $$ = NULL; }
| T_WORD

+/* assignment statement */
+
+assignment_stmt: T_VARIABLE T_ASSIGN assign_val T_EOL { variable_add($1, $3); free($1); free($3); }
+
+assign_val:
+ /* empty */ { $$ = xstrdup(""); };
+ | T_ASSIGN_VAL
+;
+
%%

void conf_parse(const char *name)
@@ -525,6 +538,10 @@ void conf_parse(const char *name)
if (getenv("ZCONF_DEBUG"))
yydebug = 1;
yyparse();
+
+ /* Variables are expanded in the parse phase. We can free them here. */
+ variable_all_del();
+
if (yynerrs)
exit(1);
if (!modules_sym)
--
2.7.4
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