lkml.org 
[lkml]   [2018]   [May]   [16]   [last100]   RSS Feed
Views: [wrap][no wrap]   [headers]  [forward] 
 
Messages in this thread
Patch in this message
/
From
Subject[PATCHv6] gpio: Remove VLA from gpiolib
Date
The new challenge is to remove VLAs from the kernel
(see https://lkml.org/lkml/2018/3/7/621) to eventually
turn on -Wvla.

Using a kmalloc array is the easy way to fix this but kmalloc is still
more expensive than stack allocation. Introduce a fast path with a
fixed size stack array to cover most chip with gpios below some fixed
amount. The slow path dynamically allocates an array to cover those
chips with a large number of gpios.

Reviewed-and-tested-by: Lukas Wunner <lukas@wunner.de>
Signed-off-by: Lukas Wunner <lukas@wunner.de>
Signed-off-by: Laura Abbott <labbott@redhat.com>
---
v6: Introduce a config option for setting the fast path GPIOs because
there are too many combinations to make the arch default workable. I
went with a default of 512 in the Kconfig.

Also to other points: I don't think the warning should be triggerable
from userspace, it should only happen on probe. I also think only
memsetting half the array is more likely to be error prone. We can
change it if there is significant overhead.
---
drivers/gpio/Kconfig | 10 +++++
drivers/gpio/gpiolib.c | 76 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++--------
drivers/gpio/gpiolib.h | 2 +-
include/linux/gpio/consumer.h | 10 +++--
4 files changed, 76 insertions(+), 22 deletions(-)

diff --git a/drivers/gpio/Kconfig b/drivers/gpio/Kconfig
index 68d812b38be7..2855b5c5c8ca 100644
--- a/drivers/gpio/Kconfig
+++ b/drivers/gpio/Kconfig
@@ -22,6 +22,16 @@ menuconfig GPIOLIB

if GPIOLIB

+config GPIOLIB_FASTPATH_LIMIT
+ int "Maximum number of GPIOs for fast path"
+ default 512
+ help
+ This adjusts the point at which certain APIs will switch from
+ using a statically allocated fixed size buffer to a dynamically
+ allocated buffer. This is a trade-off in stackspace vs. speed.
+ You shouldn't need to change this unless you really need to
+ optimize one of those two.
+
config OF_GPIO
def_bool y
depends on OF
diff --git a/drivers/gpio/gpiolib.c b/drivers/gpio/gpiolib.c
index d66de67ef307..f7ce546796e0 100644
--- a/drivers/gpio/gpiolib.c
+++ b/drivers/gpio/gpiolib.c
@@ -61,6 +61,11 @@ static struct bus_type gpio_bus_type = {
.name = "gpio",
};

+/*
+ * Number of GPIOs to use for the fast path in set array
+ */
+#define FASTPATH_NGPIO CONFIG_GPIOLIB_FASTPATH_LIMIT
+
/* gpio_lock prevents conflicts during gpio_desc[] table updates.
* While any GPIO is requested, its gpio_chip is not removable;
* each GPIO's "requested" flag serves as a lock and refcount.
@@ -399,12 +404,11 @@ static long linehandle_ioctl(struct file *filep, unsigned int cmd,
vals[i] = !!ghd.values[i];

/* Reuse the array setting function */
- gpiod_set_array_value_complex(false,
+ return gpiod_set_array_value_complex(false,
true,
lh->numdescs,
lh->descs,
vals);
- return 0;
}
return -EINVAL;
}
@@ -1192,6 +1196,10 @@ int gpiochip_add_data_with_key(struct gpio_chip *chip, void *data,
goto err_free_descs;
}

+ if (chip->ngpio > FASTPATH_NGPIO)
+ chip_warn(chip, "line cnt %d is greater than fast path cnt %d\n",
+ chip->ngpio, FASTPATH_NGPIO);
+
gdev->label = kstrdup_const(chip->label ?: "unknown", GFP_KERNEL);
if (!gdev->label) {
status = -ENOMEM;
@@ -2662,16 +2670,28 @@ int gpiod_get_array_value_complex(bool raw, bool can_sleep,

while (i < array_size) {
struct gpio_chip *chip = desc_array[i]->gdev->chip;
- unsigned long mask[BITS_TO_LONGS(chip->ngpio)];
- unsigned long bits[BITS_TO_LONGS(chip->ngpio)];
+ unsigned long fastpath[2 * BITS_TO_LONGS(FASTPATH_NGPIO)];
+ unsigned long *mask, *bits;
int first, j, ret;

+ if (likely(chip->ngpio <= FASTPATH_NGPIO)) {
+ memset(fastpath, 0, sizeof(fastpath));
+ mask = fastpath;
+ bits = fastpath + BITS_TO_LONGS(FASTPATH_NGPIO);
+ } else {
+ mask = kcalloc(2 * BITS_TO_LONGS(chip->ngpio),
+ sizeof(*mask),
+ can_sleep ? GFP_KERNEL : GFP_ATOMIC);
+ if (!mask)
+ return -ENOMEM;
+ bits = mask + BITS_TO_LONGS(chip->ngpio);
+ }
+
if (!can_sleep)
WARN_ON(chip->can_sleep);

/* collect all inputs belonging to the same chip */
first = i;
- memset(mask, 0, sizeof(mask));
do {
const struct gpio_desc *desc = desc_array[i];
int hwgpio = gpio_chip_hwgpio(desc);
@@ -2682,8 +2702,11 @@ int gpiod_get_array_value_complex(bool raw, bool can_sleep,
(desc_array[i]->gdev->chip == chip));

ret = gpio_chip_get_multiple(chip, mask, bits);
- if (ret)
+ if (ret) {
+ if (mask != fastpath)
+ kfree(mask);
return ret;
+ }

for (j = first; j < i; j++) {
const struct gpio_desc *desc = desc_array[j];
@@ -2695,6 +2718,9 @@ int gpiod_get_array_value_complex(bool raw, bool can_sleep,
value_array[j] = value;
trace_gpio_value(desc_to_gpio(desc), 1, value);
}
+
+ if (mask != fastpath)
+ kfree(mask);
}
return 0;
}
@@ -2878,7 +2904,7 @@ static void gpio_chip_set_multiple(struct gpio_chip *chip,
}
}

-void gpiod_set_array_value_complex(bool raw, bool can_sleep,
+int gpiod_set_array_value_complex(bool raw, bool can_sleep,
unsigned int array_size,
struct gpio_desc **desc_array,
int *value_array)
@@ -2887,14 +2913,26 @@ void gpiod_set_array_value_complex(bool raw, bool can_sleep,

while (i < array_size) {
struct gpio_chip *chip = desc_array[i]->gdev->chip;
- unsigned long mask[BITS_TO_LONGS(chip->ngpio)];
- unsigned long bits[BITS_TO_LONGS(chip->ngpio)];
+ unsigned long fastpath[2 * BITS_TO_LONGS(FASTPATH_NGPIO)];
+ unsigned long *mask, *bits;
int count = 0;

+ if (likely(chip->ngpio <= FASTPATH_NGPIO)) {
+ memset(fastpath, 0, sizeof(fastpath));
+ mask = fastpath;
+ bits = fastpath + BITS_TO_LONGS(FASTPATH_NGPIO);
+ } else {
+ mask = kcalloc(2 * BITS_TO_LONGS(chip->ngpio),
+ sizeof(*mask),
+ can_sleep ? GFP_KERNEL : GFP_ATOMIC);
+ if (!mask)
+ return -ENOMEM;
+ bits = mask + BITS_TO_LONGS(chip->ngpio);
+ }
+
if (!can_sleep)
WARN_ON(chip->can_sleep);

- memset(mask, 0, sizeof(mask));
do {
struct gpio_desc *desc = desc_array[i];
int hwgpio = gpio_chip_hwgpio(desc);
@@ -2925,7 +2963,11 @@ void gpiod_set_array_value_complex(bool raw, bool can_sleep,
/* push collected bits to outputs */
if (count != 0)
gpio_chip_set_multiple(chip, mask, bits);
+
+ if (mask != fastpath)
+ kfree(mask);
}
+ return 0;
}

/**
@@ -3000,13 +3042,13 @@ EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(gpiod_set_value);
* This function should be called from contexts where we cannot sleep, and will
* complain if the GPIO chip functions potentially sleep.
*/
-void gpiod_set_raw_array_value(unsigned int array_size,
+int gpiod_set_raw_array_value(unsigned int array_size,
struct gpio_desc **desc_array, int *value_array)
{
if (!desc_array)
- return;
- gpiod_set_array_value_complex(true, false, array_size, desc_array,
- value_array);
+ return -EINVAL;
+ return gpiod_set_array_value_complex(true, false, array_size,
+ desc_array, value_array);
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(gpiod_set_raw_array_value);

@@ -3326,14 +3368,14 @@ EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(gpiod_set_value_cansleep);
*
* This function is to be called from contexts that can sleep.
*/
-void gpiod_set_raw_array_value_cansleep(unsigned int array_size,
+int gpiod_set_raw_array_value_cansleep(unsigned int array_size,
struct gpio_desc **desc_array,
int *value_array)
{
might_sleep_if(extra_checks);
if (!desc_array)
- return;
- gpiod_set_array_value_complex(true, true, array_size, desc_array,
+ return -EINVAL;
+ return gpiod_set_array_value_complex(true, true, array_size, desc_array,
value_array);
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(gpiod_set_raw_array_value_cansleep);
diff --git a/drivers/gpio/gpiolib.h b/drivers/gpio/gpiolib.h
index b17ec6795c81..b64813e3876e 100644
--- a/drivers/gpio/gpiolib.h
+++ b/drivers/gpio/gpiolib.h
@@ -188,7 +188,7 @@ int gpiod_get_array_value_complex(bool raw, bool can_sleep,
unsigned int array_size,
struct gpio_desc **desc_array,
int *value_array);
-void gpiod_set_array_value_complex(bool raw, bool can_sleep,
+int gpiod_set_array_value_complex(bool raw, bool can_sleep,
unsigned int array_size,
struct gpio_desc **desc_array,
int *value_array);
diff --git a/include/linux/gpio/consumer.h b/include/linux/gpio/consumer.h
index dbd065963296..243112c7fa7d 100644
--- a/include/linux/gpio/consumer.h
+++ b/include/linux/gpio/consumer.h
@@ -116,7 +116,7 @@ int gpiod_get_raw_array_value(unsigned int array_size,
struct gpio_desc **desc_array,
int *value_array);
void gpiod_set_raw_value(struct gpio_desc *desc, int value);
-void gpiod_set_raw_array_value(unsigned int array_size,
+int gpiod_set_raw_array_value(unsigned int array_size,
struct gpio_desc **desc_array,
int *value_array);

@@ -134,7 +134,7 @@ int gpiod_get_raw_array_value_cansleep(unsigned int array_size,
struct gpio_desc **desc_array,
int *value_array);
void gpiod_set_raw_value_cansleep(struct gpio_desc *desc, int value);
-void gpiod_set_raw_array_value_cansleep(unsigned int array_size,
+int gpiod_set_raw_array_value_cansleep(unsigned int array_size,
struct gpio_desc **desc_array,
int *value_array);

@@ -369,12 +369,13 @@ static inline void gpiod_set_raw_value(struct gpio_desc *desc, int value)
/* GPIO can never have been requested */
WARN_ON(1);
}
-static inline void gpiod_set_raw_array_value(unsigned int array_size,
+static inline int gpiod_set_raw_array_value(unsigned int array_size,
struct gpio_desc **desc_array,
int *value_array)
{
/* GPIO can never have been requested */
WARN_ON(1);
+ return 0;
}

static inline int gpiod_get_value_cansleep(const struct gpio_desc *desc)
@@ -423,12 +424,13 @@ static inline void gpiod_set_raw_value_cansleep(struct gpio_desc *desc,
/* GPIO can never have been requested */
WARN_ON(1);
}
-static inline void gpiod_set_raw_array_value_cansleep(unsigned int array_size,
+static inline int gpiod_set_raw_array_value_cansleep(unsigned int array_size,
struct gpio_desc **desc_array,
int *value_array)
{
/* GPIO can never have been requested */
WARN_ON(1);
+ return 0;
}

static inline int gpiod_set_debounce(struct gpio_desc *desc, unsigned debounce)
--
2.17.0
\
 
 \ /
  Last update: 2018-05-17 02:01    [W:0.037 / U:5.896 seconds]
©2003-2018 Jasper Spaans|hosted at Digital Ocean and TransIP|Read the blog|Advertise on this site