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Subject[PATCH v5 3/7] powerpc: use task_pid_nr() for TID allocation
Date
From: Alastair D'Silva <alastair@d-silva.org>

The current implementation of TID allocation, using a global IDR, may
result in an errant process starving the system of available TIDs.
Instead, use task_pid_nr(), as mentioned by the original author. The
scenario described which prevented it's use is not applicable, as
set_thread_tidr can only be called after the task struct has been
populated.

In the unlikely event that 2 threads share the TID and are waiting,
all potential outcomes have been determined safe.

Signed-off-by: Alastair D'Silva <alastair@d-silva.org>
---
arch/powerpc/include/asm/switch_to.h | 1 -
arch/powerpc/kernel/process.c | 122 ++++++---------------------
2 files changed, 28 insertions(+), 95 deletions(-)

diff --git a/arch/powerpc/include/asm/switch_to.h b/arch/powerpc/include/asm/switch_to.h
index be8c9fa23983..5b03d8a82409 100644
--- a/arch/powerpc/include/asm/switch_to.h
+++ b/arch/powerpc/include/asm/switch_to.h
@@ -94,6 +94,5 @@ static inline void clear_task_ebb(struct task_struct *t)
extern int set_thread_uses_vas(void);

extern int set_thread_tidr(struct task_struct *t);
-extern void clear_thread_tidr(struct task_struct *t);

#endif /* _ASM_POWERPC_SWITCH_TO_H */
diff --git a/arch/powerpc/kernel/process.c b/arch/powerpc/kernel/process.c
index 3b00da47699b..c5b8e53acbae 100644
--- a/arch/powerpc/kernel/process.c
+++ b/arch/powerpc/kernel/process.c
@@ -1496,103 +1496,41 @@ int set_thread_uses_vas(void)
}

#ifdef CONFIG_PPC64
-static DEFINE_SPINLOCK(vas_thread_id_lock);
-static DEFINE_IDA(vas_thread_ida);
-
-/*
- * We need to assign a unique thread id to each thread in a process.
+/**
+ * Assign a TIDR (thread ID) for task @t and set it in the thread
+ * structure. For now, we only support setting TIDR for 'current' task.
*
- * This thread id, referred to as TIDR, and separate from the Linux's tgid,
- * is intended to be used to direct an ASB_Notify from the hardware to the
- * thread, when a suitable event occurs in the system.
+ * Since the TID value is a truncated form of it PID, it is possible
+ * (but unlikely) for 2 threads to have the same TID. In the unlikely event
+ * that 2 threads share the same TID and are waiting, one of the following
+ * cases will happen:
*
- * One such event is a "paste" instruction in the context of Fast Thread
- * Wakeup (aka Core-to-core wake up in the Virtual Accelerator Switchboard
- * (VAS) in POWER9.
+ * 1. The correct thread is running, the wrong thread is not
+ * In this situation, the correct thread is woken and proceeds to pass it's
+ * condition check.
*
- * To get a unique TIDR per process we could simply reuse task_pid_nr() but
- * the problem is that task_pid_nr() is not yet available copy_thread() is
- * called. Fixing that would require changing more intrusive arch-neutral
- * code in code path in copy_process()?.
+ * 2. Neither threads are running
+ * In this situation, neither thread will be woken. When scheduled, the waiting
+ * threads will execute either a wait, which will return immediately, followed
+ * by a condition check, which will pass for the correct thread and fail
+ * for the wrong thread, or they will execute the condition check immediately.
*
- * Further, to assign unique TIDRs within each process, we need an atomic
- * field (or an IDR) in task_struct, which again intrudes into the arch-
- * neutral code. So try to assign globally unique TIDRs for now.
+ * 3. The wrong thread is running, the correct thread is not
+ * The wrong thread will be woken, but will fail it's condition check and
+ * re-execute wait. The correct thread, when scheduled, will execute either
+ * it's condition check (which will pass), or wait, which returns immediately
+ * when called the first time after the thread is scheduled, followed by it's
+ * condition check (which will pass).
*
- * NOTE: TIDR 0 indicates that the thread does not need a TIDR value.
- * For now, only threads that expect to be notified by the VAS
- * hardware need a TIDR value and we assign values > 0 for those.
- */
-#define MAX_THREAD_CONTEXT ((1 << 16) - 1)
-static int assign_thread_tidr(void)
-{
- int index;
- int err;
- unsigned long flags;
-
-again:
- if (!ida_pre_get(&vas_thread_ida, GFP_KERNEL))
- return -ENOMEM;
-
- spin_lock_irqsave(&vas_thread_id_lock, flags);
- err = ida_get_new_above(&vas_thread_ida, 1, &index);
- spin_unlock_irqrestore(&vas_thread_id_lock, flags);
-
- if (err == -EAGAIN)
- goto again;
- else if (err)
- return err;
-
- if (index > MAX_THREAD_CONTEXT) {
- spin_lock_irqsave(&vas_thread_id_lock, flags);
- ida_remove(&vas_thread_ida, index);
- spin_unlock_irqrestore(&vas_thread_id_lock, flags);
- return -ENOMEM;
- }
-
- return index;
-}
-
-static void free_thread_tidr(int id)
-{
- unsigned long flags;
-
- spin_lock_irqsave(&vas_thread_id_lock, flags);
- ida_remove(&vas_thread_ida, id);
- spin_unlock_irqrestore(&vas_thread_id_lock, flags);
-}
-
-/*
- * Clear any TIDR value assigned to this thread.
- */
-void clear_thread_tidr(struct task_struct *t)
-{
- if (!t->thread.tidr)
- return;
-
- if (!cpu_has_feature(CPU_FTR_P9_TIDR)) {
- WARN_ON_ONCE(1);
- return;
- }
-
- mtspr(SPRN_TIDR, 0);
- free_thread_tidr(t->thread.tidr);
- t->thread.tidr = 0;
-}
-
-void arch_release_task_struct(struct task_struct *t)
-{
- clear_thread_tidr(t);
-}
-
-/*
- * Assign a unique TIDR (thread id) for task @t and set it in the thread
- * structure. For now, we only support setting TIDR for 'current' task.
+ * 4. Both threads are running
+ * Both threads will be woken. The wrong thread will fail it's condition check
+ * and execute another wait, while the correct thread will pass it's condition
+ * check.
+ *
+ * @t: the task to set the thread ID for
*/
int set_thread_tidr(struct task_struct *t)
{
- int rc;
-
if (!cpu_has_feature(CPU_FTR_P9_TIDR))
return -EINVAL;

@@ -1602,11 +1540,7 @@ int set_thread_tidr(struct task_struct *t)
if (t->thread.tidr)
return 0;

- rc = assign_thread_tidr();
- if (rc < 0)
- return rc;
-
- t->thread.tidr = rc;
+ t->thread.tidr = (u16)task_pid_nr(t);
mtspr(SPRN_TIDR, t->thread.tidr);

return 0;
--
2.17.0
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