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Subject[PATCH v2 3/3] sched/fair: schedutil: explicit update only when required
Date
Schedutil updates for FAIR tasks are triggered implicitly each time a
cfs_rq's utilization is updated via cfs_rq_util_change(), currently
called by update_cfs_rq_load_avg(), when the utilization of a cfs_rq has
changed, and {attach,detach}_entity_load_avg().

This design is based on the idea that "we should callback schedutil
frequently enough" to properly update the CPU frequency at every
utilization change. However, such an integration strategy has also
some downsides:

- schedutil updates are triggered by RQ's load updates, which makes
sense in general but it does not allow to know exactly which other RQ
related information have been updated.
Recently, for example, we had issues due to schedutil dependencies on
cfs_rq->h_nr_running and estimated utilization updates.

- cfs_rq_util_change() is mainly a wrapper function for an already
existing "public API", cpufreq_update_util(), which is required
just to ensure we actually update schedutil only when we are updating
a root cfs_rq.
Thus, especially when task groups are in use, most of the calls to
this wrapper function are not required.

- the usage of a wrapper function is not completely consistent across
fair.c, since we could still need additional explicit calls to
cpufreq_update_util().
For example this already happens to report the IOWAIT boot flag in
the wakeup path.

- it makes it hard to integrate new features since it could require to
change other function prototypes just to pass in an additional flag,
as it happened for example in commit:

commit ea14b57e8a18 ("sched/cpufreq: Provide migration hint")

All the above considered, let's make schedutil updates more explicit in
fair.c by removing the cfs_rq_util_change() wrapper function in favour
of the existing cpufreq_update_util() public API.
This can be done by calling cpufreq_update_util() explicitly in the few
call sites where it really makes sense and when all the (potentially)
required cfs_rq's information have been updated.

This patch mainly removes code and adds explicit schedutil updates
only when we:
- {enqueue,dequeue}_task_fair() a task to/from the root cfs_rq
- (un)throttle_cfs_rq() a set of tasks up to the root cfs_rq
- task_tick_fair() to update the utilization of the root cfs_rq

All the other code paths, currently _indirectly_ covered by a call to
update_load_avg(), are still covered. Indeed, some paths already imply
enqueue/dequeue calls:
- switch_{to,from}_fair()
- sched_move_task()
while others are followed by enqueue/dequeue calls:
- cpu_cgroup_fork() and
post_init_entity_util_avg():
are used at wakeup_new_task() time and thus already followed by an
enqueue_task_fair()
- migrate_task_rq_fair():
updates the removed utilization but not the actual cfs_rq
utilization, which is updated by a following sched event

This new proposal allows also to better aggregate schedutil related
flags, which are required only at enqueue_task_fair() time.
IOWAIT and MIGRATION flags are now requested only when a task is
actually visible at the root cfs_rq level.

Signed-off-by: Patrick Bellasi <patrick.bellasi@arm.com>
Cc: Ingo Molnar <mingo@redhat.com>
Cc: Peter Zijlstra <peterz@infradead.org>
Cc: Rafael J. Wysocki <rafael.j.wysocki@intel.com>
Cc: Viresh Kumar <viresh.kumar@linaro.org>
Cc: Joel Fernandes <joelaf@google.com>
Cc: Juri Lelli <juri.lelli@redhat.com>
Cc: linux-kernel@vger.kernel.org
Cc: linux-pm@vger.kernel.org

---

Changes in v2:
- fixed flags masking (Peter)
- fixed !CONFIG_SMP build (0-DAY)
by using a cpufreq_enqueue wrapper to avoid setting the
SCHED_CPUFREQ_MIGRATION flag on !SMP systems
- removed blank lines (Viresh)

NOTE: this patch changes the behavior of the IOWAIT flag: in case of a
task waking up on a throttled RQ we do not assert the flag to schedutil
anymore. However, this seems to make sense since the task will not be
running anyway.
---
kernel/sched/fair.c | 90 +++++++++++++++++++++++++----------------------------
1 file changed, 43 insertions(+), 47 deletions(-)

diff --git a/kernel/sched/fair.c b/kernel/sched/fair.c
index f01f0f395f9a..dc368c73cf9e 100644
--- a/kernel/sched/fair.c
+++ b/kernel/sched/fair.c
@@ -772,7 +772,7 @@ void post_init_entity_util_avg(struct sched_entity *se)
* For !fair tasks do:
*
update_cfs_rq_load_avg(now, cfs_rq);
- attach_entity_load_avg(cfs_rq, se, 0);
+ attach_entity_load_avg(cfs_rq, se);
switched_from_fair(rq, p);
*
* such that the next switched_to_fair() has the
@@ -3009,29 +3009,6 @@ static inline void update_cfs_group(struct sched_entity *se)
}
#endif /* CONFIG_FAIR_GROUP_SCHED */

-static inline void cfs_rq_util_change(struct cfs_rq *cfs_rq, int flags)
-{
- struct rq *rq = rq_of(cfs_rq);
-
- if (&rq->cfs == cfs_rq || (flags & SCHED_CPUFREQ_MIGRATION)) {
- /*
- * There are a few boundary cases this might miss but it should
- * get called often enough that that should (hopefully) not be
- * a real problem.
- *
- * It will not get called when we go idle, because the idle
- * thread is a different class (!fair), nor will the utilization
- * number include things like RT tasks.
- *
- * As is, the util number is not freq-invariant (we'd have to
- * implement arch_scale_freq_capacity() for that).
- *
- * See cpu_util().
- */
- cpufreq_update_util(rq, flags);
- }
-}
-
#ifdef CONFIG_SMP
/*
* Approximate:
@@ -3712,9 +3689,6 @@ update_cfs_rq_load_avg(u64 now, struct cfs_rq *cfs_rq)
cfs_rq->load_last_update_time_copy = sa->last_update_time;
#endif

- if (decayed)
- cfs_rq_util_change(cfs_rq, 0);
-
return decayed;
}

@@ -3726,7 +3700,7 @@ update_cfs_rq_load_avg(u64 now, struct cfs_rq *cfs_rq)
* Must call update_cfs_rq_load_avg() before this, since we rely on
* cfs_rq->avg.last_update_time being current.
*/
-static void attach_entity_load_avg(struct cfs_rq *cfs_rq, struct sched_entity *se, int flags)
+static void attach_entity_load_avg(struct cfs_rq *cfs_rq, struct sched_entity *se)
{
u32 divider = LOAD_AVG_MAX - 1024 + cfs_rq->avg.period_contrib;

@@ -3761,8 +3735,6 @@ static void attach_entity_load_avg(struct cfs_rq *cfs_rq, struct sched_entity *s
cfs_rq->avg.util_sum += se->avg.util_sum;

add_tg_cfs_propagate(cfs_rq, se->avg.load_sum);
-
- cfs_rq_util_change(cfs_rq, flags);
}

/**
@@ -3780,8 +3752,6 @@ static void detach_entity_load_avg(struct cfs_rq *cfs_rq, struct sched_entity *s
sub_positive(&cfs_rq->avg.util_sum, se->avg.util_sum);

add_tg_cfs_propagate(cfs_rq, -se->avg.load_sum);
-
- cfs_rq_util_change(cfs_rq, 0);
}

/*
@@ -3818,7 +3788,7 @@ static inline void update_load_avg(struct cfs_rq *cfs_rq, struct sched_entity *s
*
* IOW we're enqueueing a task on a new CPU.
*/
- attach_entity_load_avg(cfs_rq, se, SCHED_CPUFREQ_MIGRATION);
+ attach_entity_load_avg(cfs_rq, se);
update_tg_load_avg(cfs_rq, 0);

} else if (decayed && (flags & UPDATE_TG))
@@ -4028,13 +3998,12 @@ update_cfs_rq_load_avg(u64 now, struct cfs_rq *cfs_rq)

static inline void update_load_avg(struct cfs_rq *cfs_rq, struct sched_entity *se, int not_used1)
{
- cfs_rq_util_change(cfs_rq, 0);
}

static inline void remove_entity_load_avg(struct sched_entity *se) {}

static inline void
-attach_entity_load_avg(struct cfs_rq *cfs_rq, struct sched_entity *se, int flags) {}
+attach_entity_load_avg(struct cfs_rq *cfs_rq, struct sched_entity *se) {}
static inline void
detach_entity_load_avg(struct cfs_rq *cfs_rq, struct sched_entity *se) {}

@@ -4762,8 +4731,11 @@ static void throttle_cfs_rq(struct cfs_rq *cfs_rq)
dequeue = 0;
}

- if (!se)
+ /* The tasks are no more visible from the root cfs_rq */
+ if (!se) {
sub_nr_running(rq, task_delta);
+ cpufreq_update_util(rq, 0);
+ }

cfs_rq->throttled = 1;
cfs_rq->throttled_clock = rq_clock(rq);
@@ -4825,8 +4797,11 @@ void unthrottle_cfs_rq(struct cfs_rq *cfs_rq)
break;
}

- if (!se)
+ /* The tasks are now visible from the root cfs_rq */
+ if (!se) {
add_nr_running(rq, task_delta);
+ cpufreq_update_util(rq, 0);
+ }

/* Determine whether we need to wake up potentially idle CPU: */
if (rq->curr == rq->idle && rq->cfs.nr_running)
@@ -5345,6 +5320,28 @@ static inline void hrtick_update(struct rq *rq)
}
#endif

+static void
+cpufreq_enqueue(struct rq *rq, struct task_struct *p)
+{
+ unsigned int flags = 0;
+
+ if (p->in_iowait)
+ flags |= SCHED_CPUFREQ_IOWAIT;
+
+#ifdef CONFIG_SMP
+ /*
+ * !last_update_time means we've passed through
+ * migrate_task_rq_fair() indicating we migrated.
+ *
+ * IOW we're enqueueing a task on a new CPU.
+ */
+ if (!p->se.avg.last_update_time)
+ flags |= SCHED_CPUFREQ_MIGRATION;
+#endif
+
+ cpufreq_update_util(rq, flags);
+}
+
/*
* The enqueue_task method is called before nr_running is
* increased. Here we update the fair scheduling stats and
@@ -5364,14 +5361,6 @@ enqueue_task_fair(struct rq *rq, struct task_struct *p, int flags)
*/
util_est_enqueue(&rq->cfs, p);

- /*
- * If in_iowait is set, the code below may not trigger any cpufreq
- * utilization updates, so do it here explicitly with the IOWAIT flag
- * passed.
- */
- if (p->in_iowait)
- cpufreq_update_util(rq, SCHED_CPUFREQ_IOWAIT);
-
for_each_sched_entity(se) {
if (se->on_rq)
break;
@@ -5402,8 +5391,11 @@ enqueue_task_fair(struct rq *rq, struct task_struct *p, int flags)
update_cfs_group(se);
}

- if (!se)
+ /* The task is visible from the root cfs_rq */
+ if (!se) {
add_nr_running(rq, 1);
+ cpufreq_enqueue(rq, p);
+ }

hrtick_update(rq);
}
@@ -5461,10 +5453,12 @@ static void dequeue_task_fair(struct rq *rq, struct task_struct *p, int flags)
update_cfs_group(se);
}

+ /* The task is no more visible from the root cfs_rq */
if (!se)
sub_nr_running(rq, 1);

util_est_dequeue(&rq->cfs, p, task_sleep);
+ cpufreq_update_util(rq, 0);
hrtick_update(rq);
}

@@ -9950,6 +9944,8 @@ static void task_tick_fair(struct rq *rq, struct task_struct *curr, int queued)

if (static_branch_unlikely(&sched_numa_balancing))
task_tick_numa(rq, curr);
+
+ cpufreq_update_util(rq, 0);
}

/*
@@ -10087,7 +10083,7 @@ static void attach_entity_cfs_rq(struct sched_entity *se)

/* Synchronize entity with its cfs_rq */
update_load_avg(cfs_rq, se, sched_feat(ATTACH_AGE_LOAD) ? 0 : SKIP_AGE_LOAD);
- attach_entity_load_avg(cfs_rq, se, 0);
+ attach_entity_load_avg(cfs_rq, se);
update_tg_load_avg(cfs_rq, false);
propagate_entity_cfs_rq(se);
}
--
2.15.1
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