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SubjectRe: [PATCH V2] powercap/drivers/idle_injection: Add an idle injection framework
On 10-05-18, 14:26, Daniel Lezcano wrote:
> Initially, the cpu_cooling device for ARM was changed by adding a new
> policy inserting idle cycles. The intel_powerclamp driver does a
> similar action.
>
> Instead of implementing idle injections privately in the cpu_cooling
> device, move the idle injection code in a dedicated framework and give
> the opportunity to other frameworks to make use of it.

Maybe move the above explanation in the comments section below, as it
doesn't belong to the commit log really.

> The framework relies on the smpboot kthreads which handles via its
> mainloop the common code for hotplugging and [un]parking.
>
> The idle injection is registered with a name and a cpumask. It will
> result in the creation of the kthreads on all the cpus specified in
> the cpumask with a name followed by the cpu number. No idle injection
> is done at this time.
>
> The idle + run duration must be specified via the helpers and then the
> idle injection can be started at this point.
>
> The kthread will call play_idle() with the specified idle duration
> from above and then will schedule itself. The latest CPU is in charge
> of setting the timer for the next idle injection deadline.
>
> The task handling the timer interrupt will wakeup all the kthreads
> belonging to the cpumask.
>
> This code was previously tested with the cpu cooling device and went
> through several iterations. It results now in split code and API
> exported in the header file. It was tested with the cpu cooling device
> with success.
>
> Signed-off-by: Daniel Lezcano <daniel.lezcano@linaro.org>
> ---
> V2: Fixed checkpatch warnings
>
> Signed-off-by: Daniel Lezcano <daniel.lezcano@linaro.org>
> ---
> drivers/powercap/Kconfig | 10 ++
> drivers/powercap/Makefile | 1 +
> drivers/powercap/idle_injection.c | 331 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
> include/linux/idle_injection.h | 62 +++++++
> 4 files changed, 404 insertions(+)
> create mode 100644 drivers/powercap/idle_injection.c
> create mode 100644 include/linux/idle_injection.h
>
> diff --git a/drivers/powercap/Kconfig b/drivers/powercap/Kconfig
> index 85727ef..a767ef2 100644
> --- a/drivers/powercap/Kconfig
> +++ b/drivers/powercap/Kconfig
> @@ -29,4 +29,14 @@ config INTEL_RAPL
> controller, CPU core (Power Plance 0), graphics uncore (Power Plane
> 1), etc.
>
> +config IDLE_INJECTION
> + bool "Idle injection framework"
> + depends on CPU_IDLE
> + default n
> + help
> + This enables support for the idle injection framework. It
> + provides a way to force idle periods on a set of specified
> + CPUs for power capping. Idle period can be injected
> + synchronously on a set of specified CPUs or alternatively
> + on a per CPU basis.
> endif
> diff --git a/drivers/powercap/Makefile b/drivers/powercap/Makefile
> index 0a21ef3..c3bbfee 100644
> --- a/drivers/powercap/Makefile
> +++ b/drivers/powercap/Makefile
> @@ -1,2 +1,3 @@
> obj-$(CONFIG_POWERCAP) += powercap_sys.o
> obj-$(CONFIG_INTEL_RAPL) += intel_rapl.o
> +obj-$(CONFIG_IDLE_INJECTION) += idle_injection.o
> diff --git a/drivers/powercap/idle_injection.c b/drivers/powercap/idle_injection.c
> new file mode 100644
> index 0000000..825ffac
> --- /dev/null
> +++ b/drivers/powercap/idle_injection.c
> @@ -0,0 +1,331 @@
> +// SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0
> +/*
> + * drivers/powercap/idle_injection.c
> + *

What's the purpose of this particular line ? Yeah, I have seen it
quite a number of times and might have added that myself as well
somewhere :)

> + * Copyright 2018 Linaro Limited
> + *
> + * Author: Daniel Lezcano <daniel.lezcano@linaro.org>
> + *
> + * The idle injection framework propose a way to force a cpu to enter
> + * an idle state during a specified amount of time for a specified
> + * period.
> + *
> + */
> +#include <linux/cpu.h>
> +#include <linux/freezer.h>
> +#include <linux/hrtimer.h>
> +#include <linux/sched.h>
> +#include <linux/slab.h>
> +#include <linux/smpboot.h>
> +
> +#include <uapi/linux/sched/types.h>
> +
> +/**
> + * struct idle_injection_thread - task on/off switch structure
> + * @tsk: a pointer to a task_struct injecting the idle cycles
> + * @should_run: a integer used as a boolean by the smpboot kthread API
> + */
> +struct idle_injection_thread {
> + struct task_struct *tsk;
> + int should_run;
> +};
> +
> +/**
> + * struct idle_injection_device - data for the idle injection
> + * @smp_hotplug_thread: a pointer to a struct smp_hotplug_thread
> + * @timer: a hrtimer giving the tempo for the idle injection
> + * @count: an atomic to keep track of the last task exiting the idle cycle
> + * @idle_duration_ms: an atomic specifying the idle duration
> + * @run_duration_ms: an atomic specifying the running duration
> + */
> +struct idle_injection_device {
> + struct smp_hotplug_thread *smp_hotplug_thread;
> + struct hrtimer timer;
> + atomic_t idle_duration_ms;
> + atomic_t run_duration_ms;
> + atomic_t count;
> +};
> +
> +static DEFINE_PER_CPU(struct idle_injection_thread, idle_injection_thread);
> +static DEFINE_PER_CPU(struct idle_injection_device *, idle_injection_device);
> +
> +/**
> + * idle_injection_wakeup - Wake up all idle injection threads
> + * @ii_dev: the idle injection device
> + *
> + * Every idle injection task belonging to the idle injection device
> + * and running on an online CPU will be wake up by this call.
> + */
> +static void idle_injection_wakeup(struct idle_injection_device *ii_dev)
> +{
> + struct idle_injection_thread *iit;
> + struct cpumask *cpumask = ii_dev->smp_hotplug_thread->cpumask;
> + int cpu;
> +
> + for_each_cpu_and(cpu, cpumask, cpu_online_mask) {
> + iit = per_cpu_ptr(&idle_injection_thread, cpu);
> + iit->should_run = 1;
> + wake_up_process(iit->tsk);
> + }
> +}
> +
> +/**
> + * idle_injection_wakeup_fn - idle injection timer callback
> + * @timer: a hrtimer structure
> + *
> + * This function is called when the idle injection timer expires which
> + * will wake up the idle injection tasks and these ones, in turn, play
> + * idle a specified amount of time.
> + *
> + * Always returns HRTIMER_NORESTART
> + */
> +static enum hrtimer_restart idle_injection_wakeup_fn(struct hrtimer *timer)
> +{
> + struct idle_injection_device *ii_dev =
> + container_of(timer, struct idle_injection_device, timer);
> +
> + idle_injection_wakeup(ii_dev);
> +
> + return HRTIMER_NORESTART;
> +}
> +
> +/**
> + * idle_injection_fn - idle injection routine
> + * @cpu: the CPU number the tasks belongs to
> + *
> + * The idle injection routine will stay idle the specified amount of
> + * time
> + */
> +static void idle_injection_fn(unsigned int cpu)
> +{
> + struct idle_injection_device *ii_dev;
> + struct idle_injection_thread *iit;
> + int run_duration_ms, idle_duration_ms;
> +
> + ii_dev = per_cpu(idle_injection_device, cpu);
> +
> + iit = per_cpu_ptr(&idle_injection_thread, cpu);
> +
> + /*
> + * Boolean used by the smpboot mainloop and used as a flip-flop

s/mainloop/main loop/ ?

> + * in this function
> + */
> + iit->should_run = 0;

What is the purpose of this field ? Just wanted to check on how
smpboot stuff uses it.

> +
> + atomic_inc(&ii_dev->count);
> +
> + idle_duration_ms = atomic_read(&ii_dev->idle_duration_ms);
> +
> + play_idle(idle_duration_ms);
> +
> + /*
> + * The last CPU waking up is in charge of setting the timer. If
> + * the CPU is hotplugged, the timer will move to another CPU
> + * (which may not belong to the same cluster) but that is not a
> + * problem as the timer will be set again by another CPU
> + * belonging to the cluster. This mechanism is self adaptive.
> + */
> + if (!atomic_dec_and_test(&ii_dev->count))
> + return;
> +
> + run_duration_ms = atomic_read(&ii_dev->run_duration_ms);
> + if (!run_duration_ms)
> + return;
> +
> + hrtimer_start(&ii_dev->timer, ms_to_ktime(run_duration_ms),
> + HRTIMER_MODE_REL_PINNED);
> +}
> +
> +/**
> + * idle_injection_set_duration - idle and run duration helper
> + * @run_duration_ms: an unsigned int giving the running time in milliseconds
> + * @idle_duration_ms: an unsigned int giving the idle time in milliseconds
> + */
> +void idle_injection_set_duration(struct idle_injection_device *ii_dev,
> + unsigned int run_duration_ms,
> + unsigned int idle_duration_ms)
> +{
> + atomic_set(&ii_dev->run_duration_ms, run_duration_ms);
> + atomic_set(&ii_dev->idle_duration_ms, idle_duration_ms);
> +}
> +
> +

Two blank lines here ?

> +/**
> + * idle_injection_get_duration - idle and run duration helper
> + * @run_duration_ms: a pointer to an unsigned int to store the running time
> + * @idle_duration_ms: a pointer to an unsigned int to store the idle time
> + */
> +void idle_injection_get_duration(struct idle_injection_device *ii_dev,
> + unsigned int *run_duration_ms,
> + unsigned int *idle_duration_ms)
> +{
> + *run_duration_ms = atomic_read(&ii_dev->run_duration_ms);
> + *idle_duration_ms = atomic_read(&ii_dev->idle_duration_ms);
> +}
> +
> +/**
> + * idle_injection_start - starts the idle injections
> + * @ii_dev: a pointer to an idle_injection_device structure
> + *
> + * The function starts the idle injection cycles by first waking up
> + * all the tasks the ii_dev is attached to and let them handle the
> + * idle-run periods
> + *
> + * Returns -EINVAL if the idle or the running duration are not set
> + */
> +int idle_injection_start(struct idle_injection_device *ii_dev)
> +{
> + if (!atomic_read(&ii_dev->idle_duration_ms))
> + return -EINVAL;
> +
> + if (!atomic_read(&ii_dev->run_duration_ms))
> + return -EINVAL;

You are required to have them as atomic variables to take care of the
races while they are set ? What about getting the durations as
arguments to this routine then ?

> +
> + pr_debug("Starting injecting idle cycles on CPUs '%*pbl'\n",
> + cpumask_pr_args(ii_dev->smp_hotplug_thread->cpumask));
> +
> + idle_injection_wakeup(ii_dev);
> +
> + return 0;
> +}
> +
> +/**
> + * idle_injection_stop - stops the idle injections
> + * @ii_dev: a pointer to an idle injection_device structure
> + *
> + * The function stops the idle injection by canceling the timer in
> + * charge of waking up the tasks to inject idle and unset the idle and
> + * running durations.
> + */
> +void idle_injection_stop(struct idle_injection_device *ii_dev)
> +{
> + pr_debug("Stopping injecting idle cycles on CPUs '%*pbl'\n",
> + cpumask_pr_args(ii_dev->smp_hotplug_thread->cpumask));
> +
> + hrtimer_cancel(&ii_dev->timer);
> +
> + idle_injection_set_duration(ii_dev, 0, 0);
> +}
> +
> +/**
> + * idle_injection_setup - initialize the current task as a RT task
> + * @cpu: the CPU number where the kthread is running on (not used)
> + *
> + */
> +static void idle_injection_setup(unsigned int cpu)
> +{
> + struct sched_param param = { .sched_priority = MAX_USER_RT_PRIO / 2 };
> +
> + set_freezable();
> +
> + sched_setscheduler(current, SCHED_FIFO, &param);
> +}
> +
> +/**
> + * idle_injection_should_run - function helper for the smpboot API
> + * @cpu: the CPU number where the kthread is running on
> + *
> + * Returns the boolean telling if the thread can run
> + */
> +static int idle_injection_should_run(unsigned int cpu)
> +{
> + struct idle_injection_thread *iit =
> + per_cpu_ptr(&idle_injection_thread, cpu);
> +
> + return iit->should_run;
> +}
> +
> +/*
> + * idle_injection_threads - smp hotplug threads ops
> + */
> +static struct smp_hotplug_thread idle_injection_threads = {
> + .store = &idle_injection_thread.tsk,
> + .thread_fn = idle_injection_fn,
> + .thread_should_run = idle_injection_should_run,
> + .setup = idle_injection_setup,
> +};

Why should we keep this structure at all and not have these four
assignments in the below routine itself ? It is unnecessarily copying
a bigger structure while it is required to copy only a part of it. And
then we keep wasting memory for this particular instance without any
use.

> +
> +/**
> + * idle_injection_register - idle injection init routine
> + * @cpumask: the list of CPUs to run the kthreads
> + * @name: the threads command name
> + *
> + * This is the initialization function in charge of creating the
> + * kthreads, initializing the timer and allocate the structures. It
> + * does not starts the idle injection cycles

Forgot full stop (.). Please check that across file

> + *
> + * Returns -ENOMEM if an allocation fails, or < 0 if the smpboot

It should be Return:

> + * kthread registering fails.
> + */
> +struct idle_injection_device *
> +idle_injection_register(struct cpumask *cpumask, const char *name)
> +{
> + struct idle_injection_device *ii_dev;
> + struct smp_hotplug_thread *smp_hotplug_thread;
> + char *idle_injection_comm;
> + int cpu, ret;
> +
> + ret = -ENOMEM;

Maybe merge it earlier only ?

> +
> + idle_injection_comm = kasprintf(GFP_KERNEL, "%s/%%u", name);
> + if (!idle_injection_comm)
> + goto out;
> +
> + smp_hotplug_thread = kmemdup(&idle_injection_threads,
> + sizeof(*smp_hotplug_thread),
> + GFP_KERNEL);
> + if (!smp_hotplug_thread)
> + goto out_free_thread_comm;
> +
> + smp_hotplug_thread->thread_comm = idle_injection_comm;
> +
> + ii_dev = kzalloc(sizeof(*ii_dev),
> + GFP_KERNEL);

Accidental line break ?

> + if (!ii_dev)
> + goto out_free_smp_hotplug;
> +
> + ii_dev->smp_hotplug_thread = smp_hotplug_thread;
> +
> + hrtimer_init(&ii_dev->timer, CLOCK_MONOTONIC, HRTIMER_MODE_REL);
> +
> + ii_dev->timer.function = idle_injection_wakeup_fn;
> +
> + for_each_cpu(cpu, cpumask)
> + per_cpu(idle_injection_device, cpu) = ii_dev;
> +
> + ret = smpboot_register_percpu_thread_cpumask(smp_hotplug_thread,
> + cpumask);

This creates the thread for all online CPUs and unparks only the one
in the cpumask. I am not sure how the smpboot stuff works, but this
looks somewhat wrong to me, we may end up creating multiple threads
per CPU even if this function is called twice for non-intersecting cpu
masks.

> + if (ret)
> + goto out_free_idle_inject;
> +
> + return ii_dev;
> +
> +out_free_idle_inject:
> + kfree(ii_dev);

What about resetting per-cpu idle_injection_device ? You missed the
same in unregister routine below as well ?

> +out_free_smp_hotplug:
> + kfree(smp_hotplug_thread);
> +out_free_thread_comm:
> + kfree(idle_injection_comm);
> +out:
> + return ERR_PTR(ret);
> +}
> +
> +/**
> + * idle_injection_unregister - Unregister the idle injection device
> + * @ii_dev: a pointer to an idle injection device
> + *
> + * The function is in charge of stopping the idle injections,
> + * unregister the kthreads and free the allocated memory in the
> + * register function.
> + */
> +void idle_injection_unregister(struct idle_injection_device *ii_dev)
> +{
> + struct smp_hotplug_thread *smp_hotplug_thread;
> +
> + idle_injection_stop(ii_dev);
> + smp_hotplug_thread = ii_dev->smp_hotplug_thread;
> + smpboot_unregister_percpu_thread(smp_hotplug_thread);
> + kfree(smp_hotplug_thread->thread_comm);
> + kfree(smp_hotplug_thread);
> + kfree(ii_dev);

Ideally it is much more readable if the ordering here is exactly
opposite of how things are done in registration time. You may need to
change the order in which things are allocated, and that would be
worth it :)

> +}
> diff --git a/include/linux/idle_injection.h b/include/linux/idle_injection.h
> new file mode 100644
> index 0000000..084b999
> --- /dev/null
> +++ b/include/linux/idle_injection.h
> @@ -0,0 +1,62 @@
> +/* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */
> +/*
> + * Copyright (C) 2018 Linaro Ltd
> + *
> + * Author: Daniel Lezcano <daniel.lezcano@linaro.org>
> + *
> + */
> +#ifndef __IDLE_INJECTION_H__
> +#define __IDLE_INJECTION_H__
> +
> +/* private idle injection device structure */
> +struct idle_injection_device;
> +
> +/**
> + * idle_injection_register - allocates and initializes an idle_injection_device
> + * @cpumask: all CPUs with a idle injection kthreads
> + * @name: a const string giving the kthread name
> + *
> + * Returns a pointer to a idle_injection_device, ERR_PTR otherwise.

This needs to be written as "Return: XXXX.", else it wouldn't get
documented properly in kernel doc.

And I am wondering on why you have added all these kernel doc comments
in the .h file ? What will kernel doc look like as we will have to doc
comments for the same function ? Maybe try generating the doc and you
will see how it looks.

--
viresh

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