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SubjectRe: [PATCH v4 4/4] zram: introduce zram memory tracking
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On 04/15/2018 08:31 PM, Minchan Kim wrote:
> zRam as swap is useful for small memory device. However, swap means
> those pages on zram are mostly cold pages due to VM's LRU algorithm.
> Especially, once init data for application are touched for launching,
> they tend to be not accessed any more and finally swapped out.
> zRAM can store such cold pages as compressed form but it's pointless
> to keep in memory. Better idea is app developers free them directly
> rather than remaining them on heap.
>
> This patch tell us last access time of each block of zram via
> "cat /sys/kernel/debug/zram/zram0/block_state".
>
> The output is as follows,
> 300 75.033841 .wh
> 301 63.806904 s..
> 302 63.806919 ..h
>
> First column is zram's block index and 3rh one represents symbol
> (s: same page w: written page to backing store h: huge page) of the
> block state. Second column represents usec time unit of the block
> was last accessed. So above example means the 300th block is accessed
> at 75.033851 second and it was huge so it was written to the backing
> store.
>
> Admin can leverage this information to catch cold|incompressible pages
> of process with *pagemap* once part of heaps are swapped out.
>
> Acked-by: Greg Kroah-Hartman <gregkh@linuxfoundation.org>
> Signed-off-by: Minchan Kim <minchan@kernel.org>
> ---
> Documentation/blockdev/zram.txt | 24 ++++++
> drivers/block/zram/Kconfig | 10 +++
> drivers/block/zram/zram_drv.c | 140 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++---
> drivers/block/zram/zram_drv.h | 5 ++
> 4 files changed, 168 insertions(+), 11 deletions(-)
>
> diff --git a/Documentation/blockdev/zram.txt b/Documentation/blockdev/zram.txt
> index 78db38d02bc9..45509c7d5716 100644
> --- a/Documentation/blockdev/zram.txt
> +++ b/Documentation/blockdev/zram.txt
> @@ -243,5 +243,29 @@ to backing storage rather than keeping it in memory.
> User should set up backing device via /sys/block/zramX/backing_dev
> before disksize setting.
>
> += memory tracking
> +
> +With CONFIG_ZRAM_MEMORY_TRACKING, user can know information of the
> +zram block. It could be useful to catch cold or incompressible
> +pages of the proess with*pagemap.

? process

> +If you enable the feature, you could see block state via
> +/sys/kernel/debug/zram/zram0/block_state". The output is as follows,
> +
> + 300 75.033841 .wh
> + 301 63.806904 s..
> + 302 63.806919 ..h
> +
> +First column is zram's block index.
> +Second column is access time.
> +Third column is state of the block.
> +(s: same page
> +w: written page to backing store
> +h: huge page)
> +
> +First line of above example says 300th block is accessed at 75.033841sec
> +and the block's state is huge so it is written back to the backing
> +storage. It's a debugging feature so anyone shouldn't rely on it to work
> +properly.
> +
> Nitin Gupta
> ngupta@vflare.org
> diff --git a/drivers/block/zram/Kconfig b/drivers/block/zram/Kconfig
> index ac3a31d433b2..01090338fb47 100644
> --- a/drivers/block/zram/Kconfig
> +++ b/drivers/block/zram/Kconfig
> @@ -26,3 +26,13 @@ config ZRAM_WRITEBACK
> /sys/block/zramX/backing_dev.
>
> See zram.txt for more infomration.
> +
> +config ZRAM_MEMORY_TRACKING
> + bool "Tracking zram block status"

bool "Track zram block status"

although sometimes it is zRam or zRAM.


> + depends on ZRAM && DEBUG_FS
> + help
> + With this feature, admin can track the state of allocated block

blocks

> + of zRAM. Admin could see the information via
> + /sys/kernel/debug/zram/zramX/block_state.
> +
> + See zram.txt for more information.

See Documentation/blockdev/zram.txt for more information.


--
~Randy

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