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SubjectRe: [RFC v2] virtio: support packed ring
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On 2018年04月13日 15:15, Tiwei Bie wrote:
> On Fri, Apr 13, 2018 at 12:30:24PM +0800, Jason Wang wrote:
>> On 2018年04月01日 22:12, Tiwei Bie wrote:
>>> Hello everyone,
>>>
>>> This RFC implements packed ring support for virtio driver.
>>>
>>> The code was tested with DPDK vhost (testpmd/vhost-PMD) implemented
>>> by Jens at http://dpdk.org/ml/archives/dev/2018-January/089417.html
>>> Minor changes are needed for the vhost code, e.g. to kick the guest.
>>>
>>> TODO:
>>> - Refinements and bug fixes;
>>> - Split into small patches;
>>> - Test indirect descriptor support;
>>> - Test/fix event suppression support;
>>> - Test devices other than net;
>>>
>>> RFC v1 -> RFC v2:
>>> - Add indirect descriptor support - compile test only;
>>> - Add event suppression supprt - compile test only;
>>> - Move vring_packed_init() out of uapi (Jason, MST);
>>> - Merge two loops into one in virtqueue_add_packed() (Jason);
>>> - Split vring_unmap_one() for packed ring and split ring (Jason);
>>> - Avoid using '%' operator (Jason);
>>> - Rename free_head -> next_avail_idx (Jason);
>>> - Add comments for virtio_wmb() in virtqueue_add_packed() (Jason);
>>> - Some other refinements and bug fixes;
>>>
>>> Thanks!
>>>
>>> Signed-off-by: Tiwei Bie <tiwei.bie@intel.com>
>>> ---
>>> drivers/virtio/virtio_ring.c | 1094 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++-------
>>> include/linux/virtio_ring.h | 8 +-
>>> include/uapi/linux/virtio_config.h | 12 +-
>>> include/uapi/linux/virtio_ring.h | 61 ++
>>> 4 files changed, 980 insertions(+), 195 deletions(-)
> [...]
>>> +static struct vring_packed_desc *alloc_indirect_packed(struct virtqueue *_vq,
>>> + unsigned int total_sg,
>>> + gfp_t gfp)
>>> +{
>>> + struct vring_packed_desc *desc;
>>> +
>>> + /*
>>> + * We require lowmem mappings for the descriptors because
>>> + * otherwise virt_to_phys will give us bogus addresses in the
>>> + * virtqueue.
>>> + */
>>> + gfp &= ~__GFP_HIGHMEM;
>>> +
>>> + desc = kmalloc(total_sg * sizeof(struct vring_packed_desc), gfp);
>> Can we simply check vq->packed here to avoid duplicating helpers?
> Then it would be something like this:
>
> static void *alloc_indirect(struct virtqueue *_vq, unsigned int total_sg,
> gfp_t gfp)
> {
> struct vring_virtqueue *vq = to_vvq(_vq);
> void *data;
>
> /*
> * We require lowmem mappings for the descriptors because
> * otherwise virt_to_phys will give us bogus addresses in the
> * virtqueue.
> */
> gfp &= ~__GFP_HIGHMEM;
>
> if (vq->packed) {
> data = kmalloc(total_sg * sizeof(struct vring_packed_desc),
> gfp);
> if (!data)
> return NULL;
> } else {
> struct vring_desc *desc;
> unsigned int i;
>
> desc = kmalloc(total_sg * sizeof(struct vring_desc), gfp);
> if (!desc)
> return NULL;
>
> for (i = 0; i < total_sg; i++)
> desc[i].next = cpu_to_virtio16(_vq->vdev, i + 1);
>
> data = desc;
> }
>
> return data;
> }
>
> I would prefer to have two simpler helpers (and to the callers,
> it's already very clear about which one they should call), i.e.
> the current implementation:
>
> static struct vring_packed_desc *alloc_indirect_packed(struct virtqueue *_vq,
> unsigned int total_sg,
> gfp_t gfp)
> {
> struct vring_packed_desc *desc;
>
> /*
> * We require lowmem mappings for the descriptors because
> * otherwise virt_to_phys will give us bogus addresses in the
> * virtqueue.
> */
> gfp &= ~__GFP_HIGHMEM;
>
> desc = kmalloc(total_sg * sizeof(struct vring_packed_desc), gfp);
>
> return desc;
> }
>
> static struct vring_desc *alloc_indirect_split(struct virtqueue *_vq,
> unsigned int total_sg,
> gfp_t gfp)
> {
> struct vring_desc *desc;
> unsigned int i;
>
> /*
> * We require lowmem mappings for the descriptors because
> * otherwise virt_to_phys will give us bogus addresses in the
> * virtqueue.
> */
> gfp &= ~__GFP_HIGHMEM;
>
> desc = kmalloc(total_sg * sizeof(struct vring_desc), gfp);
> if (!desc)
> return NULL;
>
> for (i = 0; i < total_sg; i++)
> desc[i].next = cpu_to_virtio16(_vq->vdev, i + 1);
> return desc;
> }

Yeah, I miss that split version needs a desc list.

>
>>> +
>>> + return desc;
>>> +}
> [...]
>>> +static inline int virtqueue_add_packed(struct virtqueue *_vq,
>>> + struct scatterlist *sgs[],
>>> + unsigned int total_sg,
>>> + unsigned int out_sgs,
>>> + unsigned int in_sgs,
>>> + void *data,
>>> + void *ctx,
>>> + gfp_t gfp)
>>> +{
>>> + struct vring_virtqueue *vq = to_vvq(_vq);
>>> + struct vring_packed_desc *desc;
>>> + struct scatterlist *sg;
>>> + unsigned int i, n, descs_used, uninitialized_var(prev), err_idx;
>>> + __virtio16 uninitialized_var(head_flags), flags;
>>> + int head, wrap_counter;
>>> + bool indirect;
>>> +
>>> + START_USE(vq);
>>> +
>>> + BUG_ON(data == NULL);
>>> + BUG_ON(ctx && vq->indirect);
>>> +
>>> + if (unlikely(vq->broken)) {
>>> + END_USE(vq);
>>> + return -EIO;
>>> + }
>>> +
>>> +#ifdef DEBUG
>>> + {
>>> + ktime_t now = ktime_get();
>>> +
>>> + /* No kick or get, with .1 second between? Warn. */
>>> + if (vq->last_add_time_valid)
>>> + WARN_ON(ktime_to_ms(ktime_sub(now, vq->last_add_time))
>>> + > 100);
>>> + vq->last_add_time = now;
>>> + vq->last_add_time_valid = true;
>>> + }
>>> +#endif
>>> +
>>> + BUG_ON(total_sg == 0);
>>> +
>>> + head = vq->next_avail_idx;
>>> + wrap_counter = vq->wrap_counter;
>>> +
>>> + /* If the host supports indirect descriptor tables, and we have multiple
>>> + * buffers, then go indirect. FIXME: tune this threshold */
>>> + if (vq->indirect && total_sg > 1 && vq->vq.num_free)
>> Let's introduce a helper like virtqueue_need_indirect() to avoid duplicating
>> codes and FIXME.
> Okay.
>
>>> + desc = alloc_indirect_packed(_vq, total_sg, gfp);
>>> + else {
>>> + desc = NULL;
>>> + WARN_ON_ONCE(total_sg > vq->vring_packed.num && !vq->indirect);
>>> + }
>>> +
>>> + if (desc) {
>>> + /* Use a single buffer which doesn't continue */
>>> + indirect = true;
>>> + /* Set up rest to use this indirect table. */
>>> + i = 0;
>>> + descs_used = 1;
>>> + } else {
>>> + indirect = false;
>>> + desc = vq->vring_packed.desc;
>>> + i = head;
>>> + descs_used = total_sg;
>>> + }
>>> +
>>> + if (vq->vq.num_free < descs_used) {
>>> + pr_debug("Can't add buf len %i - avail = %i\n",
>>> + descs_used, vq->vq.num_free);
>>> + /* FIXME: for historical reasons, we force a notify here if
>>> + * there are outgoing parts to the buffer. Presumably the
>>> + * host should service the ring ASAP. */
>>> + if (out_sgs)
>>> + vq->notify(&vq->vq);
>>> + if (indirect)
>>> + kfree(desc);
>>> + END_USE(vq);
>>> + return -ENOSPC;
>>> + }
>>> +
>>> + for (n = 0; n < out_sgs + in_sgs; n++) {
>>> + for (sg = sgs[n]; sg; sg = sg_next(sg)) {
>>> + dma_addr_t addr = vring_map_one_sg(vq, sg, n < out_sgs ?
>>> + DMA_TO_DEVICE : DMA_FROM_DEVICE);
>>> + if (vring_mapping_error(vq, addr))
>>> + goto unmap_release;
>>> +
>>> + flags = cpu_to_virtio16(_vq->vdev, VRING_DESC_F_NEXT |
>>> + (n < out_sgs ? 0 : VRING_DESC_F_WRITE) |
>>> + VRING_DESC_F_AVAIL(vq->wrap_counter) |
>>> + VRING_DESC_F_USED(!vq->wrap_counter));
>>> + if (!indirect && i == head)
>>> + head_flags = flags;
>>> + else
>>> + desc[i].flags = flags;
>>> +
>>> + desc[i].addr = cpu_to_virtio64(_vq->vdev, addr);
>>> + desc[i].len = cpu_to_virtio32(_vq->vdev, sg->length);
>>> + desc[i].id = cpu_to_virtio32(_vq->vdev, head);
>> Similar to V1, we only need this for the last descriptor.
> Okay, will just set it for the last desc.
>
>>> + prev = i;
>> It looks to me there's no need to track prev inside the loop here.
>>
>>> + i++;
>>> + if (!indirect && i >= vq->vring_packed.num) {
>>> + i = 0;
>>> + vq->wrap_counter ^= 1;
>>> + }
>>> + }
>>> + }
>>> + /* Last one doesn't continue. */
>>> + if (total_sg == 1)
>>> + head_flags &= cpu_to_virtio16(_vq->vdev, ~VRING_DESC_F_NEXT);
>>> + else
>>> + desc[prev].flags &= cpu_to_virtio16(_vq->vdev, ~VRING_DESC_F_NEXT);
>> The only case when prev != i - 1 is i == 0, we can add a if here.
> It's just a mirror of the existing implementation in split ring.
> It seems that split ring implementation needs this just because
> it's much harder for it to find the prev, which is not true for
> packed ring. So I'll take your suggestion. Thanks!
>
> [...]
>>> +static bool virtqueue_kick_prepare_packed(struct virtqueue *_vq)
>>> +{
>>> + struct vring_virtqueue *vq = to_vvq(_vq);
>>> + u16 new, old, off_wrap;
>>> + bool needs_kick;
>>> +
>>> + START_USE(vq);
>>> + /* We need to expose the new flags value before checking notification
>>> + * suppressions. */
>>> + virtio_mb(vq->weak_barriers);
>>> +
>>> + old = vq->next_avail_idx - vq->num_added;
>>> + new = vq->next_avail_idx;
>>> + vq->num_added = 0;
>>> +
>>> +#ifdef DEBUG
>>> + if (vq->last_add_time_valid) {
>>> + WARN_ON(ktime_to_ms(ktime_sub(ktime_get(),
>>> + vq->last_add_time)) > 100);
>>> + }
>>> + vq->last_add_time_valid = false;
>>> +#endif
>>> +
>>> + off_wrap = virtio16_to_cpu(_vq->vdev, vq->vring_packed.device->off_wrap);
>>> +
>>> + if (vq->event) {
>> It looks to me we should examine RING_EVENT_FLAGS_DESC in desc_event_flags
>> instead of vq->event here. Spec does not forces to use evenf_off and
>> event_wrap if event index is enabled.
>>
>>> + // FIXME: fix this!
>>> + needs_kick = ((off_wrap >> 15) == vq->wrap_counter) &&
>>> + vring_need_event(off_wrap & ~(1<<15), new, old);
>> Why need a & here?
> Because wrap_counter (the most significant bit in off_wrap)
> isn't part of the index.
>
>>> + } else {
>> Need a smp_rmb() to make sure desc_event_flags was checked before flags.
> I don't get your point, if my understanding is correct,
> desc_event_flags is vq->vring_packed.device->flags. So
> what's the "flags"?

Sorry, I mean we need check device.flags before off_warp. So it needs an
smp_rmb() in the middle. It looks to me there's no guarantee that
VRING_EVENT_F_DESC is set if event index is supported.

>
>>> + needs_kick = (vq->vring_packed.device->flags !=
>>> + cpu_to_virtio16(_vq->vdev, VRING_EVENT_F_DISABLE));
>>> + }
>>> + END_USE(vq);
>>> + return needs_kick;
>>> +}
> [...]
>>> +static int detach_buf_packed(struct vring_virtqueue *vq, unsigned int head,
>>> + void **ctx)
>>> +{
>>> + struct vring_packed_desc *desc;
>>> + unsigned int i, j;
>>> +
>>> + /* Clear data ptr. */
>>> + vq->desc_state[head].data = NULL;
>>> +
>>> + i = head;
>>> +
>>> + for (j = 0; j < vq->desc_state[head].num; j++) {
>>> + desc = &vq->vring_packed.desc[i];
>>> + vring_unmap_one_packed(vq, desc);
>>> + desc->flags = 0x0;
>> Looks like this is unnecessary.
> It's safer to zero it. If we don't zero it, after we
> call virtqueue_detach_unused_buf_packed() which calls
> this function, the desc is still available to the
> device.

Well detach_unused_buf_packed() should be called after device is
stopped, otherwise even if you try to clear, there will still be a
window that device may use it.

>
>>> + i++;
>>> + if (i >= vq->vring_packed.num)
>>> + i = 0;
>>> + }
> [...]
>>> +static unsigned virtqueue_enable_cb_prepare_packed(struct virtqueue *_vq)
>>> +{
>>> + struct vring_virtqueue *vq = to_vvq(_vq);
>>> + u16 last_used_idx, wrap_counter, off_wrap;
>>> +
>>> + START_USE(vq);
>>> +
>>> + last_used_idx = vq->last_used_idx;
>>> + wrap_counter = vq->wrap_counter;
>>> +
>>> + if (last_used_idx > vq->next_avail_idx)
>>> + wrap_counter ^= 1;
>>> +
>>> + off_wrap = last_used_idx | (wrap_counter << 15);
>>> +
>>> + /* We optimistically turn back on interrupts, then check if there was
>>> + * more to do. */
>>> + /* Depending on the VIRTIO_RING_F_EVENT_IDX feature, we need to
>>> + * either clear the flags bit or point the event index at the next
>>> + * entry. Always do both to keep code simple. */
>>> + if (vq->event_flags_shadow == VRING_EVENT_F_DISABLE) {
>>> + vq->event_flags_shadow = vq->event ? VRING_EVENT_F_DESC:
>>> + VRING_EVENT_F_ENABLE;
>>> + vq->vring_packed.driver->flags = cpu_to_virtio16(_vq->vdev,
>>> + vq->event_flags_shadow);
>>> + }
>> A smp_wmb() is missed here?
>>
>>> + vq->vring_packed.driver->off_wrap = cpu_to_virtio16(_vq->vdev, off_wrap);
>> And according to the spec, it looks to me write a VRING_EVENT_F_ENABLE is
>> sufficient here.
> I didn't think much when implementing the event suppression
> for packed ring previously. After I saw your comments, I found
> something new. Indeed, unlike the split ring, for the packed
> ring, spec doesn't say we must use VRING_EVENT_F_DESC when
> EVENT_IDX is negotiated. So do you think below thought is
> right or makes sense?
>
> - For virtqueue_enable_cb_prepare(), we just need to enable
> the ring by setting flags to VRING_EVENT_F_ENABLE in any
> case.
>
> - We will try to use VRING_EVENT_F_DESC (if EVENT_IDX is
> negotiated) only when we want to delay the interrupts
> virtqueue_enable_cb_delayed().

This looks good to me.

>
>>> + END_USE(vq);
>>> + return last_used_idx;
>>> +}
>>> +
> [...]
>>> @@ -1157,14 +1852,18 @@ void vring_transport_features(struct virtio_device *vdev)
>>> for (i = VIRTIO_TRANSPORT_F_START; i < VIRTIO_TRANSPORT_F_END; i++) {
>>> switch (i) {
>>> - case VIRTIO_RING_F_INDIRECT_DESC:
>>> +#if 0
>>> + case VIRTIO_RING_F_INDIRECT_DESC: // FIXME not tested yet.
>>> break;
>>> - case VIRTIO_RING_F_EVENT_IDX:
>>> + case VIRTIO_RING_F_EVENT_IDX: // FIXME probably not work.
>>> break;
>>> +#endif
>> It would be better if you can split EVENT_IDX and INDIRECT_DESC into
>> separate patches too.
> Sure. Will do it in the next version.
>
> Thanks for the review!

Thanks.

>> Thanks
>>

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