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Subject[RFC v2 78/83] GC: Thorough garbage collection.
Date
From: Andiry Xu <jix024@cs.ucsd.edu>

After fast gc, if the valid log entries still account for less
than the half of the log size, NOVA starts thorough garbage collection,
allocates a new log, copies the live log entries to it, and switches
to the new log atomically. The radix tree needs to be updated to point
to the new log.

Example:
I = Invalid, V = Valid

VIIV -> IIII -> VVII

||
|| fast gc
\/

VIIV -> VVII

||
|| thorough gc
\/

VVVV

Signed-off-by: Andiry Xu <jix024@cs.ucsd.edu>
---
fs/nova/gc.c | 273 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
1 file changed, 273 insertions(+)

diff --git a/fs/nova/gc.c b/fs/nova/gc.c
index 1634c04..d74286e 100644
--- a/fs/nova/gc.c
+++ b/fs/nova/gc.c
@@ -18,6 +18,62 @@
#include "nova.h"
#include "inode.h"

+static bool curr_log_entry_invalid(struct super_block *sb,
+ struct nova_inode *pi, struct nova_inode_info_header *sih,
+ u64 curr_p, size_t *length)
+{
+ struct nova_file_write_entry *entry;
+ struct nova_dentry *dentry;
+ struct nova_setattr_logentry *setattr_entry;
+ struct nova_link_change_entry *linkc_entry;
+ void *entryc;
+ u8 type;
+ bool ret = true;
+
+ entryc = (void *)nova_get_block(sb, curr_p);
+ type = nova_get_entry_type(entryc);
+
+ switch (type) {
+ case SET_ATTR:
+ setattr_entry = (struct nova_setattr_logentry *) entryc;
+ if (setattr_entry->invalid == 0)
+ ret = false;
+ *length = sizeof(struct nova_setattr_logentry);
+ break;
+ case LINK_CHANGE:
+ linkc_entry = (struct nova_link_change_entry *) entryc;
+ if (linkc_entry->invalid == 0)
+ ret = false;
+ *length = sizeof(struct nova_link_change_entry);
+ break;
+ case FILE_WRITE:
+ entry = (struct nova_file_write_entry *) entryc;
+ if (entry->num_pages != entry->invalid_pages)
+ ret = false;
+ *length = sizeof(struct nova_file_write_entry);
+ break;
+ case DIR_LOG:
+ dentry = (struct nova_dentry *) entryc;
+ if (dentry->invalid == 0)
+ ret = false;
+ if (sih->last_dentry == curr_p)
+ ret = false;
+ *length = le16_to_cpu(dentry->de_len);
+ break;
+ case NEXT_PAGE:
+ /* No more entries in this page */
+ *length = PAGE_SIZE - ENTRY_LOC(curr_p);
+ break;
+ default:
+ nova_dbg("%s: unknown type %d, 0x%llx\n",
+ __func__, type, curr_p);
+ NOVA_ASSERT(0);
+ *length = PAGE_SIZE - ENTRY_LOC(curr_p);
+ break;
+ }
+
+ return ret;
+}

static bool curr_page_invalid(struct super_block *sb,
struct nova_inode *pi, struct nova_inode_info_header *sih,
@@ -68,6 +124,210 @@ static void free_curr_page(struct super_block *sb,
nova_get_blocknr(sb, curr_head, btype), 1);
}

+static int nova_gc_assign_file_entry(struct super_block *sb,
+ struct nova_inode_info_header *sih,
+ struct nova_file_write_entry *old_entry,
+ struct nova_file_write_entry *new_entry)
+{
+ struct nova_file_write_entry *temp;
+ void **pentry;
+ unsigned long start_pgoff = old_entry->pgoff;
+ unsigned int num = old_entry->num_pages;
+ unsigned long curr_pgoff;
+ int i;
+ int ret = 0;
+
+ for (i = 0; i < num; i++) {
+ curr_pgoff = start_pgoff + i;
+
+ pentry = radix_tree_lookup_slot(&sih->tree, curr_pgoff);
+ if (pentry) {
+ temp = radix_tree_deref_slot(pentry);
+ if (temp == old_entry)
+ radix_tree_replace_slot(&sih->tree, pentry,
+ new_entry);
+ }
+ }
+
+ return ret;
+}
+
+static int nova_gc_assign_dentry(struct super_block *sb,
+ struct nova_inode_info_header *sih, struct nova_dentry *old_dentry,
+ struct nova_dentry *new_dentry)
+{
+ struct nova_dentry *temp;
+ void **pentry;
+ unsigned long hash;
+ int ret = 0;
+
+ hash = BKDRHash(old_dentry->name, old_dentry->name_len);
+ nova_dbgv("%s: assign %s hash %lu\n", __func__,
+ old_dentry->name, hash);
+
+ /* FIXME: hash collision ignored here */
+ pentry = radix_tree_lookup_slot(&sih->tree, hash);
+ if (pentry) {
+ temp = radix_tree_deref_slot(pentry);
+ if (temp == old_dentry)
+ radix_tree_replace_slot(&sih->tree, pentry, new_dentry);
+ }
+
+ return ret;
+}
+
+static int nova_gc_assign_new_entry(struct super_block *sb,
+ struct nova_inode *pi, struct nova_inode_info_header *sih,
+ u64 curr_p, u64 new_curr)
+{
+ struct nova_file_write_entry *old_entry, *new_entry;
+ struct nova_dentry *old_dentry, *new_dentry;
+ void *addr, *new_addr;
+ u8 type;
+ int ret = 0;
+
+ addr = (void *)nova_get_block(sb, curr_p);
+ type = nova_get_entry_type(addr);
+ switch (type) {
+ case SET_ATTR:
+ sih->last_setattr = new_curr;
+ break;
+ case LINK_CHANGE:
+ sih->last_link_change = new_curr;
+ break;
+ case FILE_WRITE:
+ new_addr = (void *)nova_get_block(sb, new_curr);
+ old_entry = (struct nova_file_write_entry *)addr;
+ new_entry = (struct nova_file_write_entry *)new_addr;
+ ret = nova_gc_assign_file_entry(sb, sih, old_entry, new_entry);
+ break;
+ case DIR_LOG:
+ new_addr = (void *)nova_get_block(sb, new_curr);
+ old_dentry = (struct nova_dentry *)addr;
+ new_dentry = (struct nova_dentry *)new_addr;
+ if (sih->last_dentry == curr_p)
+ sih->last_dentry = new_curr;
+ ret = nova_gc_assign_dentry(sb, sih, old_dentry, new_dentry);
+ break;
+ default:
+ nova_dbg("%s: unknown type %d, 0x%llx\n",
+ __func__, type, curr_p);
+ NOVA_ASSERT(0);
+ break;
+ }
+
+ return ret;
+}
+
+/* Copy live log entries to the new log and atomically replace the old log */
+static unsigned long nova_inode_log_thorough_gc(struct super_block *sb,
+ struct nova_inode *pi, struct nova_inode_info_header *sih,
+ unsigned long blocks, unsigned long checked_pages)
+{
+ struct nova_inode_log_page *curr_page = NULL;
+ size_t length;
+ u64 curr_p, new_curr;
+ u64 old_curr_p;
+ u64 tail_block;
+ u64 old_head;
+ u64 new_head = 0;
+ u64 next;
+ int allocated;
+ int extended = 0;
+ int ret;
+ timing_t gc_time;
+
+ NOVA_START_TIMING(thorough_gc_t, gc_time);
+
+ curr_p = sih->log_head;
+ old_curr_p = curr_p;
+ old_head = sih->log_head;
+ nova_dbg_verbose("Log head 0x%llx, tail 0x%llx\n",
+ curr_p, sih->log_tail);
+ if (curr_p == 0 && sih->log_tail == 0)
+ goto out;
+
+ if (curr_p >> PAGE_SHIFT == sih->log_tail >> PAGE_SHIFT)
+ goto out;
+
+ allocated = nova_allocate_inode_log_pages(sb, sih, blocks,
+ &new_head, ANY_CPU, 0);
+ if (allocated != blocks) {
+ nova_err(sb, "%s: ERROR: no inode log page available\n",
+ __func__);
+ goto out;
+ }
+
+ new_curr = new_head;
+ while (curr_p != sih->log_tail) {
+ old_curr_p = curr_p;
+ if (goto_next_page(sb, curr_p))
+ curr_p = next_log_page(sb, curr_p);
+
+ if (curr_p >> PAGE_SHIFT == sih->log_tail >> PAGE_SHIFT) {
+ /* Don't recycle tail page */
+ break;
+ }
+
+ length = 0;
+ ret = curr_log_entry_invalid(sb, pi, sih, curr_p, &length);
+ if (!ret) {
+ extended = 0;
+ new_curr = nova_get_append_head(sb, pi, sih,
+ new_curr, length, MAIN_LOG,
+ 1, &extended);
+ if (extended)
+ blocks++;
+ /* Copy entry to the new log */
+ memcpy_to_pmem_nocache(nova_get_block(sb, new_curr),
+ nova_get_block(sb, curr_p), length);
+ nova_inc_page_num_entries(sb, new_curr);
+ nova_gc_assign_new_entry(sb, pi, sih, curr_p, new_curr);
+ new_curr += length;
+ }
+
+ curr_p += length;
+ }
+
+ /* Step 1: Link new log to the tail block */
+ tail_block = BLOCK_OFF(sih->log_tail);
+ curr_page = (struct nova_inode_log_page *)nova_get_block(sb,
+ BLOCK_OFF(new_curr));
+ next = next_log_page(sb, new_curr);
+ if (next > 0)
+ nova_free_contiguous_log_blocks(sb, sih, next);
+
+ nova_set_next_page_flag(sb, new_curr);
+ nova_set_next_page_address(sb, curr_page, tail_block, 0);
+
+ /* Step 2: Atomically switch to the new log */
+ pi->log_head = new_head;
+ nova_persist_inode(pi);
+ nova_flush_buffer(pi, sizeof(struct nova_inode), 1);
+ sih->log_head = new_head;
+
+ /* Step 3: Unlink the old log */
+ curr_page = (struct nova_inode_log_page *)nova_get_block(sb,
+ BLOCK_OFF(old_curr_p));
+ next = next_log_page(sb, old_curr_p);
+ if (next != tail_block)
+ nova_err(sb, "Old log error: old curr_p 0x%lx, next 0x%lx ",
+ "curr_p 0x%lx, tail block 0x%lx\n", old_curr_p,
+ next, curr_p, tail_block);
+
+ nova_set_next_page_address(sb, curr_page, 0, 1);
+
+ /* Step 4: Free the old log */
+ nova_free_contiguous_log_blocks(sb, sih, old_head);
+
+ sih->log_pages = sih->log_pages + blocks - checked_pages;
+ NOVA_STATS_ADD(thorough_gc_pages, checked_pages - blocks);
+ NOVA_STATS_ADD(thorough_checked_pages, checked_pages);
+out:
+ NOVA_END_TIMING(thorough_gc_t, gc_time);
+ return blocks;
+}
+

/*
* Scan pages in the log and remove those with no valid log entries.
@@ -178,9 +438,22 @@ int nova_inode_log_fast_gc(struct super_block *sb,
if (sih->num_entries == 0)
return 0;

+ /* Estimate how many pages worth of valid entries the log contains.
+ *
+ * If it is less than half the number pages that remain in the log,
+ * compress them with thorough gc.
+ */
blocks = (sih->valid_entries * checked_pages) / sih->num_entries;
if ((sih->valid_entries * checked_pages) % sih->num_entries)
blocks++;

+ if (force_thorough || (blocks && blocks * 2 < checked_pages)) {
+ nova_dbgv("Thorough GC for inode %lu: checked pages %lu, valid pages %lu\n",
+ sih->ino,
+ checked_pages, blocks);
+ blocks = nova_inode_log_thorough_gc(sb, pi, sih,
+ blocks, checked_pages);
+ }
+
return 0;
}
--
2.7.4
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