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SubjectRe: [PATCH v9 5/7] arm64: kvm: Introduce KVM_ARM_SET_SERROR_ESR ioctl
Hi gengdongjiu,

On 05/02/18 06:19, gengdongjiu wrote:
> On 2018/1/31 3:21, James Morse wrote:
>> On 24/01/18 20:06, gengdongjiu wrote:
>>>> On 06/01/18 16:02, Dongjiu Geng wrote:
>>>>> The ARM64 RAS SError Interrupt(SEI) syndrome value is specific to the
>>>>> guest and user space needs a way to tell KVM this value. So we add a
>>>>> new ioctl. Before user space specifies the Exception Syndrome Register
>>>>> ESR(ESR), it firstly checks that whether KVM has the capability to set
>>>>> the guest ESR, If has, will set it. Otherwise, nothing to do.
>>>>>
>>>>> For this ESR specifying, Only support for AArch64, not support AArch32.
>>>>
>>>> After this patch user-space can trigger an SError in the guest. If it wants to migrate the guest, how does the pending SError get migrated?
>>>>
>>>> I think we need to fix migration first. Andrew Jones suggested using
>>>> KVM_GET/SET_VCPU_EVENTS:
>>>> https://www.spinics.net/lists/arm-kernel/msg616846.html
>>>>
>>>> Given KVM uses kvm_inject_vabt() on v8.0 hardware too, we should cover systems without the v8.2 RAS Extensions with the same API. I
>>>> think this means a bit to read/write whether SError is pending, and another to indicate the ESR should be set/read.
>>>> CPUs without the v8.2 RAS Extensions can reject pending-SError that had an ESR.
>>>
>>> For the CPUs without the v8.2 RAS Extensions, its ESR is always 0,
>>> we only can inject a SError with ESR 0 to guest, cannot set its ESR.
>>
>> 0? It's always implementation-defined. On Juno it seems to be always-0, but
>> other systems may behave differently. (Juno may generate another ESR value when
>> I'm not watching it...)

> For the armv8.0 cpu without RAS Extensions, it does not have vsesr_el2, so when
> guest take a virtual SError,

> its ESR is 0, can not control the virtual SError's syndrom value, it does not have
> such registers to control that.

My point was its more nuanced than this: the ARM-ARM's
TakeVirtualSErrorException() pseudo-code lets virtual-SError have an
implementation defined syndrome. I've never seen Juno generate anything other
than '0', but it might do something different on a thursday.

The point? We can't know what a CPU without the RAS extensions puts in there.

Why Does this matter? When migrating a pending SError we have to know the
difference between 'use this 64bit value', and 'the CPU will generate it'.
If I make an SError pending with ESR=0 on a CPU with VSESR, I can't migrated to
a system that generates an impdef SError-ESR, because I can't know it will be 0.


> Does Juno not have RAS Extension?

It's two types of v8.0 CPU, no RAS extensions.


> if yes, I think we can only inject an SError, but can not change its ESR value,
> because it does not have vsesr_el2.

I agree, this means we need to be able to tell the difference between 'pending'
and 'pending with this ESR'.


>> Just because we can't control the ESR doesn't mean injecting an SError isn't
>> something user-space may want to do.

> yes, we may need to support user-space injects an SError even through CPU does not have RAS Extension.
>
>> If we tackle migration of pending-SError first, I think that will give us the
>> API to create a new pending SError with/without an ESR as appropriate.
>
> sure, we should. Last week, I checked the KVM_GET/SET_VCPU_EVENTS IOCTL, it should meet our
> migration requirements

Great!


Thanks,

James



>>> The IOCTL KVM_GET/SET_VCPU_EVENTS has been used by X86.
>>
>> We would be re-using the struct to have values with slightly different meanings.
>> But for migration the upshot is the same, call KVM_GET_VCPU_EVENTS on one
>> system, and pass the struct to KVM_SET_VCPU_EVENTS on the new system. If we're
>> lucky Qemu may be able to do this in shared x86/arm64 code.
>>
> Thanks for the reminder, I know your meaning.
> In the x86, the kvm_vcpu_events includes exception/interrupt/nmi/smi. For the RAS, we
> only involves the exception, so Qemu handling logic is different. Anyway, I will try to
> share code for the two platform in Qemu.
>
>
> /* for KVM_GET/SET_VCPU_EVENTS */
> struct kvm_vcpu_events {
> struct {
> __u8 injected;
> __u8 nr;
> __u8 has_error_code;
> __u8 pad;
> __u32 error_code;
> } exception;
> struct {
> __u8 injected;
> __u8 nr;
> __u8 soft;
> __u8 shadow;
> } interrupt;
> struct {
> __u8 injected;
> __u8 pending;
> __u8 masked;
> __u8 pad;
> } nmi;
> __u32 sipi_vector;
> __u32 flags;
> struct {
> __u8 smm;
> __u8 pending;
> __u8 smm_inside_nmi;
> __u8 latched_init;
> } smi;
> __u32 reserved[9];
> };
>

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