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SubjectRe: [PATCH -mm -v2] mm, swap, frontswap: Fix THP swap if frontswap enabled
Date
Minchan Kim <minchan@kernel.org> writes:

> Hi Huang,
>
> On Thu, Feb 08, 2018 at 11:27:50PM +0800, huang ying wrote:
>> On Wed, Feb 7, 2018 at 3:00 PM, Huang, Ying <ying.huang@intel.com> wrote:
>> > From: Huang Ying <huang.ying.caritas@gmail.com>
>> >
>> > It was reported by Sergey Senozhatsky that if THP (Transparent Huge
>> > Page) and frontswap (via zswap) are both enabled, when memory goes low
>> > so that swap is triggered, segfault and memory corruption will occur
>> > in random user space applications as follow,
>> >
>> > kernel: urxvt[338]: segfault at 20 ip 00007fc08889ae0d sp 00007ffc73a7fc40 error 6 in libc-2.26.so[7fc08881a000+1ae000]
>> > #0 0x00007fc08889ae0d _int_malloc (libc.so.6)
>> > #1 0x00007fc08889c2f3 malloc (libc.so.6)
>> > #2 0x0000560e6004bff7 _Z14rxvt_wcstoutf8PKwi (urxvt)
>> > #3 0x0000560e6005e75c n/a (urxvt)
>> > #4 0x0000560e6007d9f1 _ZN16rxvt_perl_interp6invokeEP9rxvt_term9hook_typez (urxvt)
>> > #5 0x0000560e6003d988 _ZN9rxvt_term9cmd_parseEv (urxvt)
>> > #6 0x0000560e60042804 _ZN9rxvt_term6pty_cbERN2ev2ioEi (urxvt)
>> > #7 0x0000560e6005c10f _Z17ev_invoke_pendingv (urxvt)
>> > #8 0x0000560e6005cb55 ev_run (urxvt)
>> > #9 0x0000560e6003b9b9 main (urxvt)
>> > #10 0x00007fc08883af4a __libc_start_main (libc.so.6)
>> > #11 0x0000560e6003f9da _start (urxvt)
>> >
>> > After bisection, it was found the first bad commit is
>> > bd4c82c22c367e068 ("mm, THP, swap: delay splitting THP after swapped
>> > out").
>> >
>> > The root cause is as follow.
>> >
>> > When the pages are written to swap device during swapping out in
>> > swap_writepage(), zswap (fontswap) is tried to compress the pages
>> > instead to improve the performance. But zswap (frontswap) will treat
>> > THP as normal page, so only the head page is saved. After swapping
>> > in, tail pages will not be restored to its original contents, so cause
>> > the memory corruption in the applications.
>> >
>> > This is fixed via splitting THP before writing the page to swap device
>> > if frontswap is enabled. To deal with the situation where frontswap
>> > is enabled at runtime, whether the page is THP is checked before using
>> > frontswap during swapping out too.
>> >
>> > Reported-and-tested-by: Sergey Senozhatsky <sergey.senozhatsky@gmail.com>
>> > Signed-off-by: "Huang, Ying" <ying.huang@intel.com>
>> > Cc: Konrad Rzeszutek Wilk <konrad.wilk@oracle.com>
>> > Cc: Dan Streetman <ddstreet@ieee.org>
>> > Cc: Seth Jennings <sjenning@redhat.com>
>> > Cc: Minchan Kim <minchan@kernel.org>
>> > Cc: Tetsuo Handa <penguin-kernel@I-love.SAKURA.ne.jp>
>> > Cc: Shaohua Li <shli@kernel.org>
>> > Cc: Michal Hocko <mhocko@suse.com>
>> > Cc: Johannes Weiner <hannes@cmpxchg.org>
>> > Cc: Mel Gorman <mgorman@techsingularity.net>
>> > Cc: Shakeel Butt <shakeelb@google.com>
>> > Cc: stable@vger.kernel.org # 4.14
>> > Fixes: bd4c82c22c367e068 ("mm, THP, swap: delay splitting THP after swapped out")
>> >
>> > Changelog:
>> >
>> > v2:
>> >
>> > - Move frontswap check into swapfile.c to avoid to make vmscan.c
>> > depends on frontswap.
>> > ---
>> > mm/page_io.c | 2 +-
>> > mm/swapfile.c | 3 +++
>> > 2 files changed, 4 insertions(+), 1 deletion(-)
>> >
>> > diff --git a/mm/page_io.c b/mm/page_io.c
>> > index b41cf9644585..6dca817ae7a0 100644
>> > --- a/mm/page_io.c
>> > +++ b/mm/page_io.c
>> > @@ -250,7 +250,7 @@ int swap_writepage(struct page *page, struct writeback_control *wbc)
>> > unlock_page(page);
>> > goto out;
>> > }
>> > - if (frontswap_store(page) == 0) {
>> > + if (!PageTransHuge(page) && frontswap_store(page) == 0) {
>> > set_page_writeback(page);
>> > unlock_page(page);
>> > end_page_writeback(page);
>> > diff --git a/mm/swapfile.c b/mm/swapfile.c
>> > index 006047b16814..0b7c7883ce64 100644
>> > --- a/mm/swapfile.c
>> > +++ b/mm/swapfile.c
>> > @@ -934,6 +934,9 @@ int get_swap_pages(int n_goal, bool cluster, swp_entry_t swp_entries[])
>> >
>> > /* Only single cluster request supported */
>> > WARN_ON_ONCE(n_goal > 1 && cluster);
>> > + /* Frontswap doesn't support THP */
>> > + if (frontswap_enabled() && cluster)
>> > + goto noswap;
>>
>> I found this will cause THP swap optimization be turned off forever if
>> CONFIG_ZSWAP=y (which cannot =m). Because frontswap is enabled quite
>> statically instead of dynamically. If frontswap_ops is registered, it
>> will be enabled unconditionally and forever. And zswap will register
>> frontswap_ops during initialize regardless whether zswap is enabled or
>> not.
>
> Indeed.
>
>>
>> So I think it will be better to remove swapfile.c changes in this
>> patch, just keep page_io.c changes. Because THP is more dynamic, it
>
> Then, I think it should be done by frontswap backend rather than generic
> swap layer. Because there are two backends now and one of them can support
> first.
>
> diff --git a/drivers/xen/tmem.c b/drivers/xen/tmem.c
> index bf13d1ec51f3..bdaf309aeea6 100644
> --- a/drivers/xen/tmem.c
> +++ b/drivers/xen/tmem.c
> @@ -284,6 +284,9 @@ static int tmem_frontswap_store(unsigned type, pgoff_t offset,
> int pool = tmem_frontswap_poolid;
> int ret;
>
> + if (PageTransHuge(page))
> + return -EINVAL;
> +
> if (pool < 0)
> return -1;
> if (ind64 != ind)
> diff --git a/mm/zswap.c b/mm/zswap.c
> index c004aa4fd3f4..e343534d2892 100644
> --- a/mm/zswap.c
> +++ b/mm/zswap.c
> @@ -1007,6 +1007,9 @@ static int zswap_frontswap_store(unsigned type, pgoff_t offset,
> u8 *src, *dst;
> struct zswap_header zhdr = { .swpentry = swp_entry(type, offset) };
>
> + if (PageTransHuge(page))
> + return -EINVAL;
> +
> if (!zswap_enabled || !tree) {
> ret = -ENODEV;
> goto reject;

Good suggestion! I will do this.

Best Regards,
Huang, Ying

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