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SubjectRe: [PATCH 12/18] tracing: Add accessing direct address from function based events
On Fri, Feb 02, 2018 at 06:05:10PM -0500, Steven Rostedt wrote:
> From: "Steven Rostedt (VMware)" <rostedt@goodmis.org>
>
> Allow referencing any address during the function based event. The syntax is
> to use <type> <name>=<addr> For example:
>
> # echo 'do_IRQ(long total_forks=0xffffffffa2a4b4c0)' > function_events
> # echo 1 > events/function/enable
> # cat trace
> sshd-832 [000] d... 221639.210845: ret_from_intr->do_IRQ(total_forks=855)
> sshd-832 [000] d... 221639.211114: ret_from_intr->do_IRQ(total_forks=855)
> <idle>-0 [000] d... 221639.211198: ret_from_intr->do_IRQ(total_forks=855)
>
> Signed-off-by: Steven Rostedt (VMware) <rostedt@goodmis.org>
> ---
> Documentation/trace/function-based-events.rst | 40 +++++++-
> kernel/trace/trace_event_ftrace.c | 129 +++++++++++++++++++++-----
> 2 files changed, 143 insertions(+), 26 deletions(-)
>
> diff --git a/Documentation/trace/function-based-events.rst b/Documentation/trace/function-based-events.rst
> index f18c8f3ef330..b0e6725f3032 100644
> --- a/Documentation/trace/function-based-events.rst
> +++ b/Documentation/trace/function-based-events.rst
> @@ -91,7 +91,7 @@ as follows:
>
> ARGS := ARG | ARG ',' ARGS | ''
>
> - ARG := TYPE FIELD | ARG '|' ARG
> + ARG := TYPE FIELD | TYPE <name> '=' ADDR | TYPE ADDR | ARG '|' ARG
>
> TYPE := ATOM | 'unsigned' ATOM
>
> @@ -107,6 +107,8 @@ as follows:
>
> OFFSET := '+' <number>
>
> + ADDR := A hexidecimal address starting with '0x'
> +
> Where <name> is a unique string starting with an alphabetic character
> and consists only of letters and numbers and underscores.
>
> @@ -267,3 +269,39 @@ Again, using gdb to find the offset of the "func" field of struct work_struct
> <idle>-0 [000] dNs3 6241.172004: delayed_work_timer_fn->__queue_work(cpu=128, wq=ffff88011a010800, func=vmstat_shepherd+0x0/0xb0)
> worker/0:2-1689 [000] d..2 6241.172026: __queue_delayed_work->__queue_work(cpu=7, wq=ffff88011a11da00, func=vmstat_update+0x0/0x70)
> <idle>-0 [005] d.s3 6241.347996: queue_work_on->__queue_work(cpu=128, wq=ffff88011a011200, func=fb_flashcursor+0x0/0x110 [fb])
> +
> +
> +Direct memory access
> +====================
> +
> +Function arguments are not the only thing that can be recorded from a function
> +based event. Memory addresses can also be examined. If there's a global variable
> +that you want to monitor via an interrupt, you can put in the address directly.
> +
> + # grep total_forks /proc/kallsyms
> +ffffffff82354c18 B total_forks
> +
> + # echo 'do_IRQ(int total_forks=0xffffffff82354c18)' > function_events

Couldn't we use the symbol name directly? Maybe it needs a syntax to
indicate global variable. Like this?

# echo 'do_IRQ(int $total_forks)' > function_events


> +
> + # echo 1 events/functions/do_IRQ/enable
> + # cat trace
> + <idle>-0 [003] d..3 337.076709: ret_from_intr->do_IRQ(total_forks=1419)
> + <idle>-0 [003] d..3 337.077046: ret_from_intr->do_IRQ(total_forks=1419)
> + <idle>-0 [003] d..3 337.077076: ret_from_intr->do_IRQ(total_forks=1420)
> +
> +Note, address notations do not affect the argument count. For instance, with
> +
> +__visible unsigned int __irq_entry do_IRQ(struct pt_regs *regs)
> +
> + # echo 'do_IRQ(int total_forks=0xffffffff82354c18, symbol regs[16])' > function_events
> +
> +Is the same as
> +
> + # echo 'do_IRQ(int total_forks=0xffffffff82354c18 | symbol regs[16])' > function_events
> +
> + # cat trace
> + <idle>-0 [003] d..3 653.839546: ret_from_intr->do_IRQ(total_forks=1504, regs=cpuidle_enter_state+0xb1/0x330)
> + <idle>-0 [003] d..3 653.906011: ret_from_intr->do_IRQ(total_forks=1504, regs=cpuidle_enter_state+0xb1/0x330)
> + <idle>-0 [003] d..3 655.823498: ret_from_intr->do_IRQ(total_forks=1504, regs=tick_nohz_idle_enter+0x4c/0x50)
> + <idle>-0 [003] d..3 655.954096: ret_from_intr->do_IRQ(total_forks=1504, regs=cpuidle_enter_state+0xb1/0x330)
> +
> diff --git a/kernel/trace/trace_event_ftrace.c b/kernel/trace/trace_event_ftrace.c
> index ba10177b9bd6..206114f192be 100644
> --- a/kernel/trace/trace_event_ftrace.c
> +++ b/kernel/trace/trace_event_ftrace.c
> @@ -256,14 +286,16 @@ static int add_arg(struct func_event *fevent, int ftype, int unsign)
> static enum func_states
> process_event(struct func_event *fevent, const char *token, enum func_states state)
> {
> + static bool update_arg;
> static int unsign;
> - long val;
> + unsigned long val;
> int ret;
> int i;
>
> switch (state) {
> case FUNC_STATE_INIT:
> unsign = 0;
> + update_arg = false;
> if (!isalpha(token[0]) && token[0] != '_')
> break;
> /* Do not allow wild cards */
> @@ -279,15 +311,15 @@ process_event(struct func_event *fevent, const char *token, enum func_states sta
> break;
> return FUNC_STATE_PARAM;
>
> - case FUNC_STATE_PIPE:
> - fevent->arg_cnt--;
> - goto comma;
> case FUNC_STATE_PARAM:
> if (token[0] == ')')
> return FUNC_STATE_END;
> /* Fall through */
> case FUNC_STATE_COMMA:
> - comma:
> + if (update_arg)
> + fevent->arg_cnt++;
> + update_arg = false;
/* Fall through */

> + case FUNC_STATE_PIPE:
> if (strcmp(token, "unsigned") == 0) {
> unsign = 2;
> return FUNC_STATE_UNSIGNED;
> @@ -307,18 +339,20 @@ process_event(struct func_event *fevent, const char *token, enum func_states sta
> return FUNC_STATE_TYPE;
>
> case FUNC_STATE_TYPE:
> - if (!isalpha(token[0]) || token[0] == '_')
> - break;
> if (WARN_ON(!fevent->last_arg))
> break;
> - fevent->last_arg->name = kstrdup(token, GFP_KERNEL);
> - if (!fevent->last_arg->name)
> + if (update_arg_name(fevent, token) < 0)
> + break;
> + if (strncmp(token, "0x", 2) == 0)
> + goto equal;

Not sure it's needed here. IIUC it should see '=' first and you used
the same token with arg->name. Hmm.. do you want support accessing to
an unnamed address directly like below?

# echo 'do_IRQ(int 0xffffffff82354c18)' > function_events

> + if (!isalpha(token[0]) && token[0] != '_')
> break;

Maybe you want to check it before the update_arg_name().

Thanks,
Namhyung


> + update_arg = true;
> return FUNC_STATE_VAR;
>
> case FUNC_STATE_BRACKET:
> WARN_ON(!fevent->last_arg);
> - ret = kstrtol(token, 0, &val);
> + ret = kstrtoul(token, 0, &val);
> if (ret)
> break;
> val *= fevent->last_arg->size;
> @@ -333,7 +367,7 @@ process_event(struct func_event *fevent, const char *token, enum func_states sta
> case FUNC_STATE_BRACKET_END:
> switch (token[0]) {
> case ')':
> - return FUNC_STATE_END;
> + goto end;
> case ',':
> return FUNC_STATE_COMMA;
> case '|':
> @@ -344,16 +378,33 @@ process_event(struct func_event *fevent, const char *token, enum func_states sta
> case FUNC_STATE_PLUS:
> if (WARN_ON(!fevent->last_arg))
> break;
> - ret = kstrtol(token, 0, &val);
> + ret = kstrtoul(token, 0, &val);
> if (ret)
> break;
> fevent->last_arg->index += val;
> return FUNC_STATE_VAR;
>
> + case FUNC_STATE_ADDR:
> + switch (token[0]) {
> + case ')':
> + goto end;
> + case ',':
> + return FUNC_STATE_COMMA;
> + case '|':
> + return FUNC_STATE_PIPE;
> + }
> + break;
> +
> case FUNC_STATE_VAR:
> + if (token[0] == '=')
> + return FUNC_STATE_EQUAL;
> + if (WARN_ON(!fevent->last_arg))
> + break;
> + update_arg_arg(fevent);
> + update_arg = true;
> switch (token[0]) {
> case ')':
> - return FUNC_STATE_END;
> + goto end;
> case ',':
> return FUNC_STATE_COMMA;
> case '|':
> @@ -365,10 +416,29 @@ process_event(struct func_event *fevent, const char *token, enum func_states sta
> }
> break;
>
> + case FUNC_STATE_EQUAL:
> + if (strncmp(token, "0x", 2) != 0)
> + break;
> + equal:
> + if (WARN_ON(!fevent->last_arg))
> + break;
> + ret = kstrtoul(token, 0, &val);
> + if (ret < 0)
> + break;
> + update_arg = false;
> + fevent->last_arg->index = val;
> + fevent->last_arg->arg = -1;
> + fevent->last_arg->indirect = INDIRECT_FLAG;
> + return FUNC_STATE_ADDR;
> +
> default:
> break;
> }
> return FUNC_STATE_ERROR;
> + end:
> + if (update_arg)
> + fevent->arg_cnt++;
> + return FUNC_STATE_END;
> }

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