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SubjectRe: [PATCH v2 05/20] arm64: capabilities: Add flags to handle the conflicts on late CPU
On Wed, Jan 31, 2018 at 06:27:52PM +0000, Suzuki K Poulose wrote:
> When a CPU is brought up, it is checked against the caps that are
> known to be enabled on the system (via verify_local_cpu_capabilities()).
> Based on the state of the capability on the CPU vs. that of System we
> could have the following combinations of conflict.
>
> x-----------------------------x
> | Type | System | Late CPU |
> |-----------------------------|
> | a | y | n |
> |-----------------------------|
> | b | n | y |
> x-----------------------------x
>
> Case (a) is not permitted for caps which are system features, which the
> system expects all the CPUs to have (e.g VHE). While (a) is ignored for
> all errata work arounds. However, there could be exceptions to the plain
> filtering approach. e.g, KPTI is an optional feature for a late CPU as
> long as the system already enables it.
>
> Case (b) is not permitted for errata work arounds which requires some work
> around, which cannot be delayed. And we ignore (b) for features. Here, yet

Nit, maybe:

"Case (b) is not permitted for any errata workaround that cannot be
activated if the kernel has finished booting and has not already enabled
it."

> again, KPTI is an exception, where if a late CPU needs KPTI we are too late
> to enable it (because we change the allocation of ASIDs etc).
>
> Add two different flags to indicate how the conflict should be handled.
>
> ARM64_CPUCAP_PERMITTED_FOR_LATE_CPU - CPUs may have the capability
> ARM64_CPUCAP_OPTIONAL_FOR_LATE_CPU - CPUs may not have the cappability.
>
> Now that we have the flags to describe the behavior of the errata and
> the features, as we treat them, define types for ERRATUM and FEATURE.
>
> Cc: Dave Martin <dave.martin@arm.com>
> Cc: Will Deacon <will.deacon@arm.com>
> Cc: Mark Rutland <mark.rutland@arm.com>
> Signed-off-by: Suzuki K Poulose <suzuki.poulose@arm.com>

All my suggestions in this patch are rewordings of comments, so they're
not vital, and anyway you may disagree that they make the meaning
clearer. So I don't think they're essential.

For the actual code

Reviewed-by: Dave Martin <Dave.Martin@arm.com>

> ---
> arch/arm64/include/asm/cpufeature.h | 61 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++-
> arch/arm64/kernel/cpu_errata.c | 8 ++---
> arch/arm64/kernel/cpufeature.c | 30 +++++++++---------
> 3 files changed, 79 insertions(+), 20 deletions(-)
>
> diff --git a/arch/arm64/include/asm/cpufeature.h b/arch/arm64/include/asm/cpufeature.h
> index 05da54f1b4c7..7460b1f7e611 100644
> --- a/arch/arm64/include/asm/cpufeature.h
> +++ b/arch/arm64/include/asm/cpufeature.h
> @@ -142,7 +142,8 @@ extern struct arm64_ftr_reg arm64_ftr_reg_ctrel0;
> * capabilities and if there is a conflict, the kernel takes an action, based
> * on the severity (e.g, a CPU could be prevented from booting or cause a
> * kernel panic). The CPU is allowed to "affect" the state of the capability,
> - * if it has not been finalised already.
> + * if it has not been finalised already. See section 5 for more details on
> + * conflicts.
> *
> * 4) Action: As mentioned in (2), the kernel can take an action for each detected
> * capability, on all CPUs on the system. This is always initiated only after
> @@ -155,6 +156,32 @@ extern struct arm64_ftr_reg arm64_ftr_reg_ctrel0;
> * b) Any late CPU, brought up after (1), the action is triggered via:
> * check_local_cpu_capabilities() -> verify_local_cpu_capabilities()
> *
> + * 5) Conflicts: Based on the state of the capability on a late CPU vs. the system
> + * state, we could have the following combinations :
> + *
> + * x-----------------------------x
> + * | Type | System | Late CPU |
> + * |-----------------------------|
> + * | a | y | n |
> + * |-----------------------------|
> + * | b | n | y |
> + * x-----------------------------x

Nit: I find this a bit hard to follow. Maybe reordering things a bit
would help but putting the rule (the precise bit) first, and the
rationale (necessarily more vague) afterward:

"Two capability type flag bits are defined to indicate whether each kind
of conflict can be tolerated:

ARM64_CPUCAP_OPTIONAL_FOR_LATE_CPU - Case (a) is allowed
ARM64_CPUCAP_PERMITTED_FOR_LATE_CPU - Case (b) is allowed."

> + *
> + * Case (a) is not permitted for capabilities which are usually system
> + * features, which the system expects all CPUs to have. While (a) is ignored
> + * for capabilities which represents an erratum work around.

Similarly "Case (a) is not permitted for a capability that the system
requires all CPUs to have in order for the capability to be enabled.
This is typical for capabilities that represent enhanced functionality."

> + *
> + * Case (b) is not permitted for erratum capabilities, which might require
> + * some work arounds which cannot be applied really late. Meanwhile, most
> + * of the features could safely ignore (b), as the system doesn't use it
> + * anyway.
and

"Case (b) is not permitted for a capability that the system must enable
during boot if any CPU in the system requires it in order to run safely.
This is typical for erratum workarounds that cannot be enabled after the
corresponding capability is finalised.

In some non-typical cases, either both (a) and (b), or neither, should
be permitted. This can be described by including neither or both flags
in the capability's type field."

[...]

>
>
> @@ -165,6 +192,26 @@ extern struct arm64_ftr_reg arm64_ftr_reg_ctrel0;
> #define SCOPE_SYSTEM ARM64_CPUCAP_SCOPE_SYSTEM
> #define SCOPE_LOCAL_CPU ARM64_CPUCAP_SCOPE_LOCAL_CPU
>
> +/* Is it permitted for a late CPU to have this capability when system doesn't already have */

"doesn't already have" -> "hasn't already enabled it"?

> +#define ARM64_CPUCAP_PERMITTED_FOR_LATE_CPU ((u16)BIT(4))
> +/* Is it safe for a late CPU to miss this capability when system has it */
> +#define ARM64_CPUCAP_OPTIONAL_FOR_LATE_CPU ((u16)BIT(5))
> +
> +/*
> + * CPU errata detected at boot time based on feature of one or more CPUs.
> + * It is not safe for a late CPU to have this feature when the system doesn't

Can we around using the word "feature" to describe errata here?

Maybe "CPU errata workarounds that need to be enabled at boot time if
one or more CPUs in the system requires the workaround. When one of
these workaround capabilities has been enabled, it is safe to allow any
CPU to boot that does not require the workaround."

> + * have it. But it is safe to miss the feature if the system has it.
> + */
> +#define ARM64_CPUCAP_LOCAL_CPU_ERRATUM \
> + (ARM64_CPUCAP_SCOPE_LOCAL_CPU | ARM64_CPUCAP_OPTIONAL_FOR_LATE_CPU)
> +/*
> + * CPU feature detected at boot time based on system-wide value of a feature.
> + * It is safe for a late CPU to have this feature even though the system doesn't
> + * have it already. But the CPU must have this feature if the system does.

"hasn't enabled it, although the feature will not be used by Linux
in this case. If the system has enabled this feature already then every
late CPU must have it."

> + */
> +#define ARM64_CPUCAP_SYSTEM_FEATURE \
> + (ARM64_CPUCAP_SCOPE_SYSTEM | ARM64_CPUCAP_PERMITTED_FOR_LATE_CPU)
> +
> struct arm64_cpu_capabilities {
> const char *desc;
> u16 capability;
> @@ -198,6 +245,18 @@ static inline int cpucap_default_scope(const struct arm64_cpu_capabilities *cap)
> return cap->type & ARM64_CPUCAP_SCOPE_MASK;
> }
>
> +static inline bool
> +cpucap_late_cpu_optional(const struct arm64_cpu_capabilities *cap)
> +{
> + return !!(cap->type & ARM64_CPUCAP_OPTIONAL_FOR_LATE_CPU);
> +}
> +
> +static inline bool
> +cpucap_late_cpu_permitted(const struct arm64_cpu_capabilities *cap)
> +{
> + return !!(cap->type & ARM64_CPUCAP_PERMITTED_FOR_LATE_CPU);
> +}
> +
> extern DECLARE_BITMAP(cpu_hwcaps, ARM64_NCAPS);
> extern struct static_key_false cpu_hwcap_keys[ARM64_NCAPS];
> extern struct static_key_false arm64_const_caps_ready;
> diff --git a/arch/arm64/kernel/cpu_errata.c b/arch/arm64/kernel/cpu_errata.c
> index 328c5a031e45..22ec3960a0c5 100644
> --- a/arch/arm64/kernel/cpu_errata.c
> +++ b/arch/arm64/kernel/cpu_errata.c
> @@ -175,14 +175,14 @@ static void qcom_enable_link_stack_sanitization(
> #endif /* CONFIG_HARDEN_BRANCH_PREDICTOR */
>
> #define MIDR_RANGE(model, min, max) \
> - .type = ARM64_CPUCAP_SCOPE_LOCAL_CPU, \
> + .type = ARM64_CPUCAP_LOCAL_CPU_ERRATUM, \
> .matches = is_affected_midr_range, \
> .midr_model = model, \
> .midr_range_min = min, \
> .midr_range_max = max
>
> #define MIDR_ALL_VERSIONS(model) \
> - .type = ARM64_CPUCAP_SCOPE_LOCAL_CPU, \
> + .type = ARM64_CPUCAP_LOCAL_CPU_ERRATUM, \
> .matches = is_affected_midr_range, \
> .midr_model = model, \
> .midr_range_min = 0, \
> @@ -286,7 +286,7 @@ const struct arm64_cpu_capabilities arm64_errata[] = {
> .desc = "Mismatched cache line size",
> .capability = ARM64_MISMATCHED_CACHE_LINE_SIZE,
> .matches = has_mismatched_cache_line_size,
> - .type = ARM64_CPUCAP_SCOPE_LOCAL_CPU,
> + .type = ARM64_CPUCAP_LOCAL_CPU_ERRATUM,
> .cpu_enable = cpu_enable_trap_ctr_access,
> },
> #ifdef CONFIG_QCOM_FALKOR_ERRATUM_1003
> @@ -300,7 +300,7 @@ const struct arm64_cpu_capabilities arm64_errata[] = {
> {
> .desc = "Qualcomm Technologies Kryo erratum 1003",
> .capability = ARM64_WORKAROUND_QCOM_FALKOR_E1003,
> - .type = ARM64_CPUCAP_SCOPE_LOCAL_CPU,
> + .type = ARM64_CPUCAP_LOCAL_CPU_ERRATUM,
> .midr_model = MIDR_QCOM_KRYO,
> .matches = is_kryo_midr,
> },
> diff --git a/arch/arm64/kernel/cpufeature.c b/arch/arm64/kernel/cpufeature.c
> index 8d22f0ef0927..1b29b3f0a1bc 100644
> --- a/arch/arm64/kernel/cpufeature.c
> +++ b/arch/arm64/kernel/cpufeature.c
> @@ -921,7 +921,7 @@ static const struct arm64_cpu_capabilities arm64_features[] = {
> {
> .desc = "GIC system register CPU interface",
> .capability = ARM64_HAS_SYSREG_GIC_CPUIF,
> - .type = ARM64_CPUCAP_SCOPE_SYSTEM,
> + .type = ARM64_CPUCAP_SYSTEM_FEATURE,
> .matches = has_useable_gicv3_cpuif,
> .sys_reg = SYS_ID_AA64PFR0_EL1,
> .field_pos = ID_AA64PFR0_GIC_SHIFT,
> @@ -932,7 +932,7 @@ static const struct arm64_cpu_capabilities arm64_features[] = {
> {
> .desc = "Privileged Access Never",
> .capability = ARM64_HAS_PAN,
> - .type = ARM64_CPUCAP_SCOPE_SYSTEM,
> + .type = ARM64_CPUCAP_SYSTEM_FEATURE,
> .matches = has_cpuid_feature,
> .sys_reg = SYS_ID_AA64MMFR1_EL1,
> .field_pos = ID_AA64MMFR1_PAN_SHIFT,
> @@ -945,7 +945,7 @@ static const struct arm64_cpu_capabilities arm64_features[] = {
> {
> .desc = "LSE atomic instructions",
> .capability = ARM64_HAS_LSE_ATOMICS,
> - .type = ARM64_CPUCAP_SCOPE_SYSTEM,
> + .type = ARM64_CPUCAP_SYSTEM_FEATURE,
> .matches = has_cpuid_feature,
> .sys_reg = SYS_ID_AA64ISAR0_EL1,
> .field_pos = ID_AA64ISAR0_ATOMICS_SHIFT,
> @@ -956,14 +956,14 @@ static const struct arm64_cpu_capabilities arm64_features[] = {
> {
> .desc = "Software prefetching using PRFM",
> .capability = ARM64_HAS_NO_HW_PREFETCH,
> - .type = ARM64_CPUCAP_SCOPE_SYSTEM,
> + .type = ARM64_CPUCAP_SYSTEM_FEATURE,
> .matches = has_no_hw_prefetch,
> },
> #ifdef CONFIG_ARM64_UAO
> {
> .desc = "User Access Override",
> .capability = ARM64_HAS_UAO,
> - .type = ARM64_CPUCAP_SCOPE_SYSTEM,
> + .type = ARM64_CPUCAP_SYSTEM_FEATURE,
> .matches = has_cpuid_feature,
> .sys_reg = SYS_ID_AA64MMFR2_EL1,
> .field_pos = ID_AA64MMFR2_UAO_SHIFT,
> @@ -977,21 +977,21 @@ static const struct arm64_cpu_capabilities arm64_features[] = {
> #ifdef CONFIG_ARM64_PAN
> {
> .capability = ARM64_ALT_PAN_NOT_UAO,
> - .type = ARM64_CPUCAP_SCOPE_SYSTEM,
> + .type = ARM64_CPUCAP_SYSTEM_FEATURE,
> .matches = cpufeature_pan_not_uao,
> },
> #endif /* CONFIG_ARM64_PAN */
> {
> .desc = "Virtualization Host Extensions",
> .capability = ARM64_HAS_VIRT_HOST_EXTN,
> - .type = ARM64_CPUCAP_SCOPE_SYSTEM,
> + .type = ARM64_CPUCAP_SYSTEM_FEATURE,
> .matches = runs_at_el2,
> .cpu_enable = cpu_copy_el2regs,
> },
> {
> .desc = "32-bit EL0 Support",
> .capability = ARM64_HAS_32BIT_EL0,
> - .type = ARM64_CPUCAP_SCOPE_SYSTEM,
> + .type = ARM64_CPUCAP_SYSTEM_FEATURE,
> .matches = has_cpuid_feature,
> .sys_reg = SYS_ID_AA64PFR0_EL1,
> .sign = FTR_UNSIGNED,
> @@ -1001,21 +1001,21 @@ static const struct arm64_cpu_capabilities arm64_features[] = {
> {
> .desc = "Reduced HYP mapping offset",
> .capability = ARM64_HYP_OFFSET_LOW,
> - .type = ARM64_CPUCAP_SCOPE_SYSTEM,
> + .type = ARM64_CPUCAP_SYSTEM_FEATURE,
> .matches = hyp_offset_low,
> },
> #ifdef CONFIG_UNMAP_KERNEL_AT_EL0
> {
> .desc = "Kernel page table isolation (KPTI)",
> .capability = ARM64_UNMAP_KERNEL_AT_EL0,
> - .type = ARM64_CPUCAP_SCOPE_SYSTEM,
> + .type = ARM64_CPUCAP_SYSTEM_FEATURE,
> .matches = unmap_kernel_at_el0,
> },
> #endif
> {
> /* FP/SIMD is not implemented */
> .capability = ARM64_HAS_NO_FPSIMD,
> - .type = ARM64_CPUCAP_SCOPE_SYSTEM,
> + .type = ARM64_CPUCAP_SYSTEM_FEATURE,
> .min_field_value = 0,
> .matches = has_no_fpsimd,
> },
> @@ -1023,7 +1023,7 @@ static const struct arm64_cpu_capabilities arm64_features[] = {
> {
> .desc = "Data cache clean to Point of Persistence",
> .capability = ARM64_HAS_DCPOP,
> - .type = ARM64_CPUCAP_SCOPE_SYSTEM,
> + .type = ARM64_CPUCAP_SYSTEM_FEATURE,
> .matches = has_cpuid_feature,
> .sys_reg = SYS_ID_AA64ISAR1_EL1,
> .field_pos = ID_AA64ISAR1_DPB_SHIFT,
> @@ -1033,7 +1033,7 @@ static const struct arm64_cpu_capabilities arm64_features[] = {
> #ifdef CONFIG_ARM64_SVE
> {
> .desc = "Scalable Vector Extension",
> - .type = ARM64_CPUCAP_SCOPE_SYSTEM,
> + .type = ARM64_CPUCAP_SYSTEM_FEATURE,
> .capability = ARM64_SVE,
> .sys_reg = SYS_ID_AA64PFR0_EL1,
> .sign = FTR_UNSIGNED,
> @@ -1047,7 +1047,7 @@ static const struct arm64_cpu_capabilities arm64_features[] = {
> {
> .desc = "RAS Extension Support",
> .capability = ARM64_HAS_RAS_EXTN,
> - .type = ARM64_CPUCAP_SCOPE_SYSTEM,
> + .type = ARM64_CPUCAP_SYSTEM_FEATURE,
> .matches = has_cpuid_feature,
> .sys_reg = SYS_ID_AA64PFR0_EL1,
> .sign = FTR_UNSIGNED,
> @@ -1062,7 +1062,7 @@ static const struct arm64_cpu_capabilities arm64_features[] = {
> #define HWCAP_CAP(reg, field, s, min_value, cap_type, cap) \
> { \
> .desc = #cap, \
> - .type = ARM64_CPUCAP_SCOPE_SYSTEM, \
> + .type = ARM64_CPUCAP_SYSTEM_FEATURE, \
> .matches = has_cpuid_feature, \
> .sys_reg = reg, \
> .field_pos = field, \
> --
> 2.14.3
>
>
> _______________________________________________
> linux-arm-kernel mailing list
> linux-arm-kernel@lists.infradead.org
> http://lists.infradead.org/mailman/listinfo/linux-arm-kernel

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