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Subject[PATCH 06/12] i2c: qup: proper error handling for i2c error in BAM mode
Currently the i2c error handling in BAM mode is not working
properly in stress condition.

1. After an error, the FIFO are being written with FLUSH and
EOT tags which should not be required since already these tags
have been written in BAM descriptor itself.

2. QUP state is being moved to RESET in IRQ handler in case
of error. When QUP HW encounters an error in BAM mode then it
moves the QUP STATE to PAUSE state. In this case, I2C_FLUSH
command needs to be executed while moving to RUN_STATE by writing
to the QUP_STATE register with the I2C_FLUSH bit set to 1.

3. In Error case, sometimes, QUP generates more than one
interrupt which will trigger the complete again. After an error,
the flush operation will be scheduled after doing
reinit_completion which should be triggered by BAM IRQ callback.
If the second QUP IRQ comes during this time then it will call
the complete and the transfer function will assume the all the
BAM HW descriptors have been completed.

4. The release DMA is being called after each error which
will free the DMA tx and rx channels. The error like NACK is very
common in I2C transfer and every time this will be overhead. Now,
since the error handling is proper so this release channel can be
completely avoided.

Signed-off-by: Abhishek Sahu <>
drivers/i2c/busses/i2c-qup.c | 25 ++++++++++++++++---------
1 file changed, 16 insertions(+), 9 deletions(-)

diff --git a/drivers/i2c/busses/i2c-qup.c b/drivers/i2c/busses/i2c-qup.c
index 094be6a..6227a5c 100644
--- a/drivers/i2c/busses/i2c-qup.c
+++ b/drivers/i2c/busses/i2c-qup.c
@@ -228,9 +228,24 @@ static irqreturn_t qup_i2c_interrupt(int irq, void *dev)
if (bus_err)
writel(bus_err, qup->base + QUP_I2C_STATUS);

+ /*
+ * Check for BAM mode and returns if already error has come for current
+ * transfer. In Error case, sometimes, QUP generates more than one
+ * interrupt.
+ */
+ if (qup->use_dma && (qup->qup_err || qup->bus_err))
+ return IRQ_HANDLED;
/* Reset the QUP State in case of error */
if (qup_err || bus_err) {
- writel(QUP_RESET_STATE, qup->base + QUP_STATE);
+ /*
+ * Don’t reset the QUP state in case of BAM mode. The BAM
+ * flush operation needs to be scheduled in transfer function
+ * which will clear the remaining schedule descriptors in BAM
+ * HW FIFO and generates the BAM interrupt.
+ */
+ if (!qup->use_dma)
+ writel(QUP_RESET_STATE, qup->base + QUP_STATE);
goto done;

@@ -841,20 +856,12 @@ static int qup_i2c_bam_do_xfer(struct qup_i2c_dev *qup, struct i2c_msg *msg,
goto desc_err;

- if (rx_buf)
- qup->base + QUP_OUT_FIFO_BASE);
- writel(QUP_BAM_FLUSH_STOP, qup->base + QUP_OUT_FIFO_BASE);

/* wait for remaining interrupts to occur */
if (!wait_for_completion_timeout(&qup->xfer, HZ))
dev_err(qup->dev, "flush timed out\n");

- qup_i2c_rel_dma(qup);
ret = (qup->bus_err & QUP_I2C_NACK_FLAG) ? -ENXIO : -EIO;

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