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Subject[RFC PATCH v3 2/2] ima: force re-appraisal on filesystems with FS_IMA_NO_CACHE
Date
From: Alban Crequy <alban@kinvolk.io>

This patch forces files to be re-measured, re-appraised and re-audited
on file systems with the feature flag FS_IMA_NO_CACHE. In that way,
cached integrity results won't be used.

How to test this:

The test I did was using a patched version of the memfs FUSE driver
[1][2] and two very simple "hello-world" programs [4] (prog1 prints
"hello world: 1" and prog2 prints "hello world: 2").

I copy prog1 and prog2 in the fuse-memfs mount point, execute them and
check the sha1 hash in
"/sys/kernel/security/ima/ascii_runtime_measurements".

My patch on the memfs FUSE driver added a backdoor command to serve
prog1 when the kernel asks for prog2 or vice-versa. In this way, I can
exec prog1 and get it to print "hello world: 2" without ever replacing
the file via the VFS, so the kernel is not aware of the change.

The test was done using the branch "alban/fuse-flag-ima-nocache-v3" [3].

Step by step test procedure:

1. Mount the memfs FUSE using [2]:
rm -f /tmp/memfs-switch* ; memfs -L DEBUG /mnt/memfs

2. Copy prog1 and prog2 using [4]
cp prog1 /mnt/memfs/prog1
cp prog2 /mnt/memfs/prog2

3. Lookup the files and let the FUSE driver to keep the handles open:
dd if=/mnt/memfs/prog1 bs=1 | (read -n 1 x ; sleep 3600 ) &
dd if=/mnt/memfs/prog2 bs=1 | (read -n 1 x ; sleep 3600 ) &

4. Check the 2 programs work correctly:
$ /mnt/memfs/prog1
hello world: 1
$ /mnt/memfs/prog2
hello world: 2

5. Check the measurements for prog1 and prog2:
$ sudo cat /sys/kernel/security/ima/ascii_runtime_measurements \
| grep /mnt/memfs/prog
10 [...] ima-ng sha1:ac14c9268cd2[...] /mnt/memfs/prog1
10 [...] ima-ng sha1:799cb5d1e06d[...] /mnt/memfs/prog2

6. Use the backdoor command in my patched memfs to redirect file
operations on file handle 3 to file handle 2:
rm -f /tmp/memfs-switch* ; touch /tmp/memfs-switch-3-2

7. Check how the FUSE driver serves different content for the files:
$ /mnt/memfs/prog1
hello world: 2
$ /mnt/memfs/prog2
hello world: 2

8. Check the measurements:
sudo cat /sys/kernel/security/ima/ascii_runtime_measurements \
| grep /mnt/memfs/prog

Without the patch, there are no new measurements, despite the FUSE
driver having served different executables.

With the patch, I can see additional measurements for prog1 and prog2
with the hashes reversed when the FUSE driver served the alternative
content.

[1] https://github.com/bbengfort/memfs
[2] https://github.com/kinvolk/memfs/commits/alban/switch-files
[3] https://github.com/kinvolk/linux/commits/alban/fuse-flag-ima-nocache-v3
[4] https://github.com/kinvolk/fuse-userns-patches/commit/cf1f5750cab0

Cc: linux-kernel@vger.kernel.org
Cc: linux-integrity@vger.kernel.org
Cc: linux-security-module@vger.kernel.org
Cc: linux-fsdevel@vger.kernel.org
Cc: Miklos Szeredi <miklos@szeredi.hu>
Cc: Alexander Viro <viro@zeniv.linux.org.uk>
Cc: Mimi Zohar <zohar@linux.vnet.ibm.com>
Cc: Dmitry Kasatkin <dmitry.kasatkin@gmail.com>
Cc: James Morris <james.l.morris@oracle.com>
Cc: "Serge E. Hallyn" <serge@hallyn.com>
Cc: Seth Forshee <seth.forshee@canonical.com>
Cc: Christoph Hellwig <hch@infradead.org>
Tested-by: Dongsu Park <dongsu@kinvolk.io>
Signed-off-by: Alban Crequy <alban@kinvolk.io>
---
security/integrity/ima/ima_main.c | 24 ++++++++++++++++++++++--
1 file changed, 22 insertions(+), 2 deletions(-)

diff --git a/security/integrity/ima/ima_main.c b/security/integrity/ima/ima_main.c
index 6d78cb26784d..8870a7bbe9b9 100644
--- a/security/integrity/ima/ima_main.c
+++ b/security/integrity/ima/ima_main.c
@@ -24,6 +24,7 @@
#include <linux/slab.h>
#include <linux/xattr.h>
#include <linux/ima.h>
+#include <linux/fs.h>

#include "ima.h"

@@ -228,9 +229,28 @@ static int process_measurement(struct file *file, char *buf, loff_t size,
IMA_APPRAISE_SUBMASK | IMA_APPRAISED_SUBMASK |
IMA_ACTION_FLAGS);

- if (test_and_clear_bit(IMA_CHANGE_XATTR, &iint->atomic_flags))
- /* reset all flags if ima_inode_setxattr was called */
+ /*
+ * Reset the measure, appraise and audit cached flags either if:
+ * - ima_inode_setxattr was called, or
+ * - based on filesystem feature flag
+ * forcing the file to be re-evaluated.
+ */
+ if (test_and_clear_bit(IMA_CHANGE_XATTR, &iint->atomic_flags)) {
iint->flags &= ~IMA_DONE_MASK;
+ } else if (inode->i_sb->s_type->fs_flags & FS_IMA_NO_CACHE) {
+ if (action & IMA_MEASURE) {
+ iint->measured_pcrs = 0;
+ iint->flags &=
+ ~(IMA_COLLECTED | IMA_MEASURE | IMA_MEASURED);
+ }
+ if (action & IMA_APPRAISE)
+ iint->flags &=
+ ~(IMA_COLLECTED | IMA_APPRAISE | IMA_APPRAISED |
+ IMA_APPRAISE_SUBMASK | IMA_APPRAISED_SUBMASK);
+ if (action & IMA_AUDIT)
+ iint->flags &=
+ ~(IMA_COLLECTED | IMA_AUDIT | IMA_AUDITED);
+ }

/* Determine if already appraised/measured based on bitmask
* (IMA_MEASURE, IMA_MEASURED, IMA_XXXX_APPRAISE, IMA_XXXX_APPRAISED,
--
2.13.6
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