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Subject[PATCH v11 1/9] LIB: Introduce a generic PIO mapping method
Date
From: Zhichang Yuan <yuanzhichang@hisilicon.com>

In commit 41f8bba7f555 ("of/pci: Add pci_register_io_range() and
pci_pio_to_address()"), a new I/O space management was supported. With
that driver, the I/O ranges configured for PCI/PCIe hosts on some
architectures can be mapped to logical PIO, converted easily between
CPU address and the corresponding logicial PIO. Based on this, PCI
I/O devices can be accessed in a memory read/write way through the
unified in/out accessors.

But on some archs/platforms, there are bus hosts which access I/O
peripherals with host-local I/O port addresses rather than memory
addresses after memory-mapped.

To support those devices, a more generic I/O mapping method is introduced
here. Through this patch, both the CPU addresses and the host-local port
can be mapped into the logical PIO space with different logical/fake PIOs.
After this, all the I/O accesses to either PCI MMIO devices or host-local
I/O peripherals can be unified into the existing I/O accessors defined in
asm-generic/io.h and be redirected to the right device-specific hooks
based on the input logical PIO.

Signed-off-by: Zhichang Yuan <yuanzhichang@hisilicon.com>
Signed-off-by: Gabriele Paoloni <gabriele.paoloni@huawei.com>
Signed-off-by: John Garry <john.garry@huawei.com>
---
include/asm-generic/io.h | 2 +
include/linux/logic_pio.h | 141 +++++++++++++++++++++++
lib/Kconfig | 15 +++
lib/Makefile | 2 +
lib/logic_pio.c | 286 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
5 files changed, 446 insertions(+)
create mode 100644 include/linux/logic_pio.h
create mode 100644 lib/logic_pio.c

diff --git a/include/asm-generic/io.h b/include/asm-generic/io.h
index b4531e3..b7996a79 100644
--- a/include/asm-generic/io.h
+++ b/include/asm-generic/io.h
@@ -351,6 +351,8 @@ static inline void writesq(volatile void __iomem *addr, const void *buffer,
#define IO_SPACE_LIMIT 0xffff
#endif

+#include <linux/logic_pio.h>
+
/*
* {in,out}{b,w,l}() access little endian I/O. {in,out}{b,w,l}_p() can be
* implemented on hardware that needs an additional delay for I/O accesses to
diff --git a/include/linux/logic_pio.h b/include/linux/logic_pio.h
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..9545c77
--- /dev/null
+++ b/include/linux/logic_pio.h
@@ -0,0 +1,141 @@
+/*
+ * Copyright (C) 2017 Hisilicon Limited, All Rights Reserved.
+ * Author: Gabriele Paoloni <gabriele.paoloni@huawei.com>
+ * Author: Zhichang Yuan <yuanzhichang@hisilicon.com>
+ *
+ * This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify
+ * it under the terms of the GNU General Public License version 2 as
+ * published by the Free Software Foundation.
+ *
+ * This program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
+ * but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
+ * MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE. See the
+ * GNU General Public License for more details.
+ *
+ * You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License
+ * along with this program. If not, see <http://www.gnu.org/licenses/>.
+ */
+
+#ifndef __LINUX_LOGIC_PIO_H
+#define __LINUX_LOGIC_PIO_H
+
+#ifdef __KERNEL__
+
+#include <linux/fwnode.h>
+
+#define PIO_INDIRECT 0x01UL /* indirect IO flag */
+#define PIO_CPU_MMIO 0x00UL /* memory mapped io flag */
+
+struct logic_pio_hwaddr {
+ struct list_head list;
+ struct fwnode_handle *fwnode;
+ resource_size_t hw_start;
+ resource_size_t io_start;
+ resource_size_t size; /* range size populated */
+ unsigned long flags;
+
+ void *devpara; /* private parameter of the host device */
+ struct hostio_ops *ops; /* ops operating on this node */
+};
+
+struct hostio_ops {
+ u32 (*pfin)(void *devobj, unsigned long ptaddr, size_t dlen);
+ void (*pfout)(void *devobj, unsigned long ptaddr, u32 outval,
+ size_t dlen);
+ u32 (*pfins)(void *devobj, unsigned long ptaddr, void *inbuf,
+ size_t dlen, unsigned int count);
+ void (*pfouts)(void *devobj, unsigned long ptaddr,
+ const void *outbuf, size_t dlen, unsigned int count);
+};
+
+#ifdef CONFIG_INDIRECT_PIO
+u8 logic_inb(unsigned long addr);
+void logic_outb(u8 value, unsigned long addr);
+void logic_outw(u16 value, unsigned long addr);
+void logic_outl(u32 value, unsigned long addr);
+u16 logic_inw(unsigned long addr);
+u32 logic_inl(unsigned long addr);
+void logic_outb(u8 value, unsigned long addr);
+void logic_outw(u16 value, unsigned long addr);
+void logic_outl(u32 value, unsigned long addr);
+void logic_insb(unsigned long addr, void *buffer, unsigned int count);
+void logic_insl(unsigned long addr, void *buffer, unsigned int count);
+void logic_insw(unsigned long addr, void *buffer, unsigned int count);
+void logic_outsb(unsigned long addr, const void *buffer, unsigned int count);
+void logic_outsw(unsigned long addr, const void *buffer, unsigned int count);
+void logic_outsl(unsigned long addr, const void *buffer, unsigned int count);
+
+#ifndef inb
+#define inb logic_inb
+#endif
+
+#ifndef inw
+#define inw logic_inw
+#endif
+
+#ifndef inl
+#define inl logic_inl
+#endif
+
+#ifndef outb
+#define outb logic_outb
+#endif
+
+#ifndef outw
+#define outw logic_outw
+#endif
+
+#ifndef outl
+#define outl logic_outl
+#endif
+
+#ifndef insb
+#define insb logic_insb
+#endif
+
+#ifndef insw
+#define insw logic_insw
+#endif
+
+#ifndef insl
+#define insl logic_insl
+#endif
+
+#ifndef outsb
+#define outsb logic_outsb
+#endif
+
+#ifndef outsw
+#define outsw logic_outsw
+#endif
+
+#ifndef outsl
+#define outsl logic_outsl
+#endif
+
+/*
+ * Below we reserve 0x4000 bytes for Indirect IO as so far this library is only
+ * used by Hisilicon LPC Host. If needed in future we may reserve a wider IO
+ * area by redefining the macro below.
+ */
+#define PIO_INDIRECT_SIZE 0x4000
+#define MMIO_UPPER_LIMIT (IO_SPACE_LIMIT - PIO_INDIRECT_SIZE)
+#else
+#define MMIO_UPPER_LIMIT IO_SPACE_LIMIT
+#endif /* CONFIG_INDIRECT_PIO */
+
+
+struct logic_pio_hwaddr *find_io_range_by_fwnode(struct fwnode_handle *fwnode);
+
+unsigned long logic_pio_trans_hwaddr(struct fwnode_handle *fwnode,
+ resource_size_t hw_addr, resource_size_t size);
+
+int logic_pio_register_range(struct logic_pio_hwaddr *newrange);
+
+
+extern resource_size_t logic_pio_to_hwaddr(unsigned long pio);
+
+extern unsigned long logic_pio_trans_cpuaddr(resource_size_t hw_addr);
+
+#endif /* __KERNEL__ */
+#endif /* __LINUX_LOGIC_PIO_H */
diff --git a/lib/Kconfig b/lib/Kconfig
index e960894..7ad1e69 100644
--- a/lib/Kconfig
+++ b/lib/Kconfig
@@ -55,6 +55,21 @@ config ARCH_USE_CMPXCHG_LOCKREF
config ARCH_HAS_FAST_MULTIPLIER
bool

+config INDIRECT_PIO
+ bool "Access I/O in non-MMIO mode"
+ depends on ARM64
+ help
+ On some platforms where no separate I/O space exists, there are I/O
+ hosts which can not be accessed in MMIO mode. Using the logical PIO
+ mechanism, the host-local I/O resource can be mapped into system
+ logic PIO space shared with MMIO hosts, such as PCI/PCIE, then the
+ system can access the I/O devices with the mapped logic PIO through
+ I/O accessors.
+ This way has a relatively little I/O performance cost. Please make
+ sure your devices really need this configure item enabled.
+
+ When in doubt, say N.
+
config CRC_CCITT
tristate "CRC-CCITT functions"
help
diff --git a/lib/Makefile b/lib/Makefile
index a90d4fc..4a9eacd 100644
--- a/lib/Makefile
+++ b/lib/Makefile
@@ -81,6 +81,8 @@ obj-$(CONFIG_HAS_IOMEM) += iomap_copy.o devres.o
obj-$(CONFIG_CHECK_SIGNATURE) += check_signature.o
obj-$(CONFIG_DEBUG_LOCKING_API_SELFTESTS) += locking-selftest.o

+obj-y += logic_pio.o
+
obj-$(CONFIG_GENERIC_HWEIGHT) += hweight.o

obj-$(CONFIG_BTREE) += btree.o
diff --git a/lib/logic_pio.c b/lib/logic_pio.c
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..adc22bd
--- /dev/null
+++ b/lib/logic_pio.c
@@ -0,0 +1,286 @@
+/*
+ * Copyright (C) 2017 Hisilicon Limited, All Rights Reserved.
+ * Author: Gabriele Paoloni <gabriele.paoloni@huawei.com>
+ * Author: Zhichang Yuan <yuanzhichang@hisilicon.com>
+ *
+ * This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify
+ * it under the terms of the GNU General Public License version 2 as
+ * published by the Free Software Foundation.
+ *
+ * This program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
+ * but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
+ * MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE. See the
+ * GNU General Public License for more details.
+ *
+ * You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License
+ * along with this program. If not, see <http://www.gnu.org/licenses/>.
+ */
+
+#include <linux/of.h>
+#include <linux/io.h>
+#include <linux/logic_pio.h>
+#include <linux/mm.h>
+#include <linux/rculist.h>
+#include <linux/sizes.h>
+#include <linux/slab.h>
+
+/* The unique hardware address list. */
+static LIST_HEAD(io_range_list);
+static DEFINE_MUTEX(io_range_mutex);
+
+/*
+ * register a new io range node in the io range list.
+ *
+ * @newrange: pointer to the io range to be registered.
+ *
+ * returns 0 on success, the error code in case of failure
+ */
+int logic_pio_register_range(struct logic_pio_hwaddr *new_range)
+{
+ struct logic_pio_hwaddr *range;
+ int ret = 0;
+ resource_size_t start = new_range->hw_start;
+ resource_size_t end = new_range->hw_start + new_range->size;
+ resource_size_t allocated_mmio_size = 0;
+ resource_size_t allocated_iio_size = MMIO_UPPER_LIMIT;
+
+ if (!new_range || !new_range->fwnode || !new_range->size)
+ return -EINVAL;
+
+ mutex_lock(&io_range_mutex);
+ list_for_each_entry_rcu(range, &io_range_list, list) {
+
+ if (range->fwnode == new_range->fwnode) {
+ /* range already there */
+ ret = -EFAULT;
+ goto end_register;
+ }
+ if (range->flags == PIO_CPU_MMIO &&
+ new_range->flags == PIO_CPU_MMIO) {
+ /* for MMIO ranges we need to check for overlap */
+ if (start >= range->hw_start + range->size ||
+ end < range->hw_start)
+ allocated_mmio_size += range->size;
+ else {
+ ret = -EFAULT;
+ goto end_register;
+ }
+ } else if (range->flags == PIO_INDIRECT &&
+ new_range->flags == PIO_INDIRECT) {
+ allocated_iio_size += range->size;
+ }
+ }
+
+ /* range not registered yet, check for available space */
+ if (new_range->flags == PIO_CPU_MMIO) {
+
+ if (allocated_mmio_size + new_range->size - 1 >
+ MMIO_UPPER_LIMIT) {
+ /* if it's too big check if 64K space can be reserved */
+ if (allocated_mmio_size + SZ_64K - 1 >
+ MMIO_UPPER_LIMIT) {
+ ret = -E2BIG;
+ goto end_register;
+ }
+ new_range->size = SZ_64K;
+ pr_warn("Requested IO range too big, new size set to 64K\n");
+ }
+
+ new_range->io_start = allocated_mmio_size;
+
+ } else if (new_range->flags == PIO_INDIRECT) {
+
+ if (allocated_iio_size + new_range->size - 1 >
+ IO_SPACE_LIMIT) {
+ ret = -E2BIG;
+ goto end_register;
+ }
+ new_range->io_start = allocated_iio_size;
+
+ } else {
+ /* invalid flag */
+ ret = -EINVAL;
+ goto end_register;
+ }
+
+ list_add_tail_rcu(&new_range->list, &io_range_list);
+
+end_register:
+ mutex_unlock(&io_range_mutex);
+ return ret;
+}
+
+/*
+ * traverse the io_range_list to find the registered node whose device node
+ * and/or physical IO address match to.
+ */
+struct logic_pio_hwaddr *find_io_range_by_fwnode(struct fwnode_handle *fwnode)
+{
+ struct logic_pio_hwaddr *range;
+
+ list_for_each_entry_rcu(range, &io_range_list, list) {
+ if (range->fwnode == fwnode)
+ return range;
+ }
+ return NULL;
+}
+
+/* return a registered range given an input PIO token */
+static struct logic_pio_hwaddr *find_io_range(unsigned long pio)
+{
+ struct logic_pio_hwaddr *range;
+
+ list_for_each_entry_rcu(range, &io_range_list, list) {
+ if (pio >= range->io_start &&
+ pio < range->io_start + range->size)
+ return range;
+ }
+ pr_err("PIO entry token invalid\n");
+ return NULL;
+}
+
+/*
+ * Translate the input logical pio to the corresponding hardware address.
+ * The input pio should be unique in the whole logical PIO space.
+ */
+resource_size_t logic_pio_to_hwaddr(unsigned long pio)
+{
+ struct logic_pio_hwaddr *range;
+ resource_size_t hwaddr = -1;
+
+ range = find_io_range(pio);
+ if (range)
+ hwaddr = range->hw_start + pio - range->io_start;
+
+ return hwaddr;
+}
+
+/*
+ * This function is generic for translating a hardware address to logical PIO.
+ * @hw_addr: the hardware address of host, can be CPU address or host-local
+ * address;
+ */
+unsigned long
+logic_pio_trans_hwaddr(struct fwnode_handle *fwnode, resource_size_t addr,
+ resource_size_t size)
+{
+ struct logic_pio_hwaddr *range;
+
+ range = find_io_range_by_fwnode(fwnode);
+ if (!range || range->flags == PIO_CPU_MMIO) {
+ pr_err("range not found or invalid\n");
+ return -1;
+ }
+ if (range->size < size) {
+ pr_err("resource size 0x%llx cannot fit in IO range size 0x%llx\n",
+ size, range->size);
+ return -1;
+ }
+ return addr - range->hw_start + range->io_start;
+}
+
+unsigned long
+logic_pio_trans_cpuaddr(resource_size_t addr)
+{
+ struct logic_pio_hwaddr *range;
+
+ list_for_each_entry_rcu(range, &io_range_list, list) {
+ if (range->flags != PIO_CPU_MMIO)
+ continue;
+ if (addr >= range->hw_start &&
+ addr < range->hw_start + range->size)
+ return addr - range->hw_start +
+ range->io_start;
+ }
+ pr_err("addr not registered in io_range_list\n");
+ return -1;
+}
+
+#if defined(CONFIG_INDIRECT_PIO) && defined(PCI_IOBASE)
+#define BUILD_LOGIC_IO(bw, type) \
+type logic_in##bw(unsigned long addr) \
+{ \
+ type ret = -1; \
+ \
+ if (addr < MMIO_UPPER_LIMIT) { \
+ ret = read##bw(PCI_IOBASE + addr); \
+ } else if (addr >= MMIO_UPPER_LIMIT && addr < IO_SPACE_LIMIT) { \
+ struct logic_pio_hwaddr *entry = find_io_range(addr); \
+ \
+ if (entry && entry->ops) \
+ ret = entry->ops->pfin(entry->devpara, \
+ addr, sizeof(type)); \
+ else \
+ WARN_ON_ONCE(1); \
+ } \
+ return ret; \
+} \
+ \
+void logic_out##bw(type value, unsigned long addr) \
+{ \
+ if (addr < MMIO_UPPER_LIMIT) { \
+ write##bw(value, PCI_IOBASE + addr); \
+ } else if (addr >= MMIO_UPPER_LIMIT && addr < IO_SPACE_LIMIT) { \
+ struct logic_pio_hwaddr *entry = find_io_range(addr); \
+ \
+ if (entry && entry->ops) \
+ entry->ops->pfout(entry->devpara, \
+ addr, value, sizeof(type)); \
+ else \
+ WARN_ON_ONCE(1); \
+ } \
+} \
+ \
+void logic_ins##bw(unsigned long addr, void *buffer, unsigned int count)\
+{ \
+ if (addr < MMIO_UPPER_LIMIT) { \
+ reads##bw(PCI_IOBASE + addr, buffer, count); \
+ } else if (addr >= MMIO_UPPER_LIMIT && addr < IO_SPACE_LIMIT) { \
+ struct logic_pio_hwaddr *entry = find_io_range(addr); \
+ \
+ if (entry && entry->ops) \
+ entry->ops->pfins(entry->devpara, \
+ addr, buffer, sizeof(type), count); \
+ else \
+ WARN_ON_ONCE(1); \
+ } \
+ \
+} \
+ \
+void logic_outs##bw(unsigned long addr, const void *buffer, \
+ unsigned int count) \
+{ \
+ if (addr < MMIO_UPPER_LIMIT) { \
+ writes##bw(PCI_IOBASE + addr, buffer, count); \
+ } else if (addr >= MMIO_UPPER_LIMIT && addr < IO_SPACE_LIMIT) { \
+ struct logic_pio_hwaddr *entry = find_io_range(addr); \
+ \
+ if (entry && entry->ops) \
+ entry->ops->pfouts(entry->devpara, \
+ addr, buffer, sizeof(type), count); \
+ else \
+ WARN_ON_ONCE(1); \
+ } \
+}
+
+BUILD_LOGIC_IO(b, u8)
+
+EXPORT_SYMBOL(logic_inb);
+EXPORT_SYMBOL(logic_outb);
+EXPORT_SYMBOL(logic_insb);
+EXPORT_SYMBOL(logic_outsb);
+
+BUILD_LOGIC_IO(w, u16)
+
+EXPORT_SYMBOL(logic_inw);
+EXPORT_SYMBOL(logic_outw);
+EXPORT_SYMBOL(logic_insw);
+EXPORT_SYMBOL(logic_outsw);
+
+BUILD_LOGIC_IO(l, u32)
+
+EXPORT_SYMBOL(logic_inl);
+EXPORT_SYMBOL(logic_outl);
+EXPORT_SYMBOL(logic_insl);
+EXPORT_SYMBOL(logic_outsl);
+#endif /* CONFIG_INDIRECT_PIO && PCI_IOBASE */
--
1.9.1
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