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Subject[PATCH 4.14 024/146] x86/mm: Allow flushing for future ASID switches
Date
4.14-stable review patch.  If anyone has any objections, please let me know.

------------------

From: Dave Hansen <dave.hansen@linux.intel.com>

commit 2ea907c4fe7b78e5840c1dc07800eae93248cad1 upstream.

If changing the page tables in such a way that an invalidation of all
contexts (aka. PCIDs / ASIDs) is required, they can be actively invalidated
by:

1. INVPCID for each PCID (works for single pages too).

2. Load CR3 with each PCID without the NOFLUSH bit set

3. Load CR3 with the NOFLUSH bit set for each and do INVLPG for each address.

But, none of these are really feasible since there are ~6 ASIDs (12 with
PAGE_TABLE_ISOLATION) at the time that invalidation is required.
Instead of actively invalidating them, invalidate the *current* context and
also mark the cpu_tlbstate _quickly_ to indicate future invalidation to be
required.

At the next context-switch, look for this indicator
('invalidate_other' being set) invalidate all of the
cpu_tlbstate.ctxs[] entries.

This ensures that any future context switches will do a full flush
of the TLB, picking up the previous changes.

[ tglx: Folded more fixups from Peter ]

Signed-off-by: Dave Hansen <dave.hansen@linux.intel.com>
Signed-off-by: Peter Zijlstra (Intel) <peterz@infradead.org>
Signed-off-by: Thomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de>
Cc: Andy Lutomirski <luto@kernel.org>
Cc: Boris Ostrovsky <boris.ostrovsky@oracle.com>
Cc: Borislav Petkov <bp@alien8.de>
Cc: Brian Gerst <brgerst@gmail.com>
Cc: David Laight <David.Laight@aculab.com>
Cc: Denys Vlasenko <dvlasenk@redhat.com>
Cc: Eduardo Valentin <eduval@amazon.com>
Cc: Greg KH <gregkh@linuxfoundation.org>
Cc: H. Peter Anvin <hpa@zytor.com>
Cc: Josh Poimboeuf <jpoimboe@redhat.com>
Cc: Juergen Gross <jgross@suse.com>
Cc: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
Cc: Peter Zijlstra <peterz@infradead.org>
Cc: Will Deacon <will.deacon@arm.com>
Cc: aliguori@amazon.com
Cc: daniel.gruss@iaik.tugraz.at
Cc: hughd@google.com
Cc: keescook@google.com
Signed-off-by: Ingo Molnar <mingo@kernel.org>
Signed-off-by: Greg Kroah-Hartman <gregkh@linuxfoundation.org>

---
arch/x86/include/asm/tlbflush.h | 37 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++--------
arch/x86/mm/tlb.c | 35 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
2 files changed, 64 insertions(+), 8 deletions(-)

--- a/arch/x86/include/asm/tlbflush.h
+++ b/arch/x86/include/asm/tlbflush.h
@@ -135,6 +135,17 @@ struct tlb_state {
bool is_lazy;

/*
+ * If set we changed the page tables in such a way that we
+ * needed an invalidation of all contexts (aka. PCIDs / ASIDs).
+ * This tells us to go invalidate all the non-loaded ctxs[]
+ * on the next context switch.
+ *
+ * The current ctx was kept up-to-date as it ran and does not
+ * need to be invalidated.
+ */
+ bool invalidate_other;
+
+ /*
* Access to this CR4 shadow and to H/W CR4 is protected by
* disabling interrupts when modifying either one.
*/
@@ -212,6 +223,14 @@ static inline unsigned long cr4_read_sha
}

/*
+ * Mark all other ASIDs as invalid, preserves the current.
+ */
+static inline void invalidate_other_asid(void)
+{
+ this_cpu_write(cpu_tlbstate.invalidate_other, true);
+}
+
+/*
* Save some of cr4 feature set we're using (e.g. Pentium 4MB
* enable and PPro Global page enable), so that any CPU's that boot
* up after us can get the correct flags. This should only be used
@@ -298,14 +317,6 @@ static inline void __flush_tlb_all(void)
*/
__flush_tlb();
}
-
- /*
- * Note: if we somehow had PCID but not PGE, then this wouldn't work --
- * we'd end up flushing kernel translations for the current ASID but
- * we might fail to flush kernel translations for other cached ASIDs.
- *
- * To avoid this issue, we force PCID off if PGE is off.
- */
}

/*
@@ -315,6 +326,16 @@ static inline void __flush_tlb_one(unsig
{
count_vm_tlb_event(NR_TLB_LOCAL_FLUSH_ONE);
__flush_tlb_single(addr);
+
+ if (!static_cpu_has(X86_FEATURE_PTI))
+ return;
+
+ /*
+ * __flush_tlb_single() will have cleared the TLB entry for this ASID,
+ * but since kernel space is replicated across all, we must also
+ * invalidate all others.
+ */
+ invalidate_other_asid();
}

#define TLB_FLUSH_ALL -1UL
--- a/arch/x86/mm/tlb.c
+++ b/arch/x86/mm/tlb.c
@@ -28,6 +28,38 @@
* Implement flush IPI by CALL_FUNCTION_VECTOR, Alex Shi
*/

+/*
+ * We get here when we do something requiring a TLB invalidation
+ * but could not go invalidate all of the contexts. We do the
+ * necessary invalidation by clearing out the 'ctx_id' which
+ * forces a TLB flush when the context is loaded.
+ */
+void clear_asid_other(void)
+{
+ u16 asid;
+
+ /*
+ * This is only expected to be set if we have disabled
+ * kernel _PAGE_GLOBAL pages.
+ */
+ if (!static_cpu_has(X86_FEATURE_PTI)) {
+ WARN_ON_ONCE(1);
+ return;
+ }
+
+ for (asid = 0; asid < TLB_NR_DYN_ASIDS; asid++) {
+ /* Do not need to flush the current asid */
+ if (asid == this_cpu_read(cpu_tlbstate.loaded_mm_asid))
+ continue;
+ /*
+ * Make sure the next time we go to switch to
+ * this asid, we do a flush:
+ */
+ this_cpu_write(cpu_tlbstate.ctxs[asid].ctx_id, 0);
+ }
+ this_cpu_write(cpu_tlbstate.invalidate_other, false);
+}
+
atomic64_t last_mm_ctx_id = ATOMIC64_INIT(1);


@@ -42,6 +74,9 @@ static void choose_new_asid(struct mm_st
return;
}

+ if (this_cpu_read(cpu_tlbstate.invalidate_other))
+ clear_asid_other();
+
for (asid = 0; asid < TLB_NR_DYN_ASIDS; asid++) {
if (this_cpu_read(cpu_tlbstate.ctxs[asid].ctx_id) !=
next->context.ctx_id)

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